The COMPLETE OCEAN CROSSING CHECKLIST - 10 Critical topics for preparation. - Part I

The COMPLETE OCEAN CROSSING CHECKLIST - 10 Critical topics for preparation. - Part I

SUBTITLE'S INFO:

Language: English

Type: Robot

Number of phrases: 178

Number of words: 3560

Number of symbols: 14079

DOWNLOAD SUBTITLES:

DOWNLOAD AUDIO AND VIDEO:

SUBTITLES:

Subtitles generated by robot
00:16
hi welcome to this week's video this one's about  preparing for an ocean crossing we're in cape town   and we're going to cross to brazil uh aiming for  the city of cabadello which is a passage of 3400   miles and should take somewhere between 20 and 30  days i'm going to give you a 10 point checklist   on areas that you must prepare let's first discuss  what is an ocean crossing for the purposes of this   checklist i'm going to define it as anywhere  beyond two to three days from a rescue now that   can be used in 80% of the world actually southeast  asia africa south america you could be coastal   hopping but still doubtful of any rescue services  coming to help you for example a rescue helicopter   has a very short range of two or three hundred  miles off the coast before it has to go back  
01:21
due to low fuel so that's what we're talking  about here i call it an ocean passage but it   can apply to coastal also so what this checklist  will do is prepare you and the boat to be totally   self-sufficient with an unlikely chance of a  rescue i'm going to give you 10 key areas to   help you prepare for this passage and i'm going  to give you two golden rules which if you follow   will save your boat and it will save you  let's get started i just want to explain   that making this video some of it was shot in  help bay before we left and some of it is shot   more recently here in the caribbean  so that would explain why sometimes i   look like i'm freezing cold and sometimes i'm  sweating like a pig i also want to mention that   this list that i'm going to give you this list  of 10 topics for preparing for an ocean crossing  
02:26
each topic could easily fill a video by itself but  in this video i'm going to try and keep it to the   point keep it short so that we can keep it down to  at least you know two videos at the most hopefully   and maybe one day i'll make video on each topic  in more detail all right let's get started okay topic number one you need a seaworthy boat  now there's so many different types of boats that   uh make ocean crossings from sailboat  powerboat rowboat ocean going ships   every type of vessel you can think a bottle  with a lid on it my god so many different   vessels can make it from one place to another  but they all follow one golden rule i have two   golden rules for you this is number one what is  it princess what's the number one golden rule  
03:41
keep the water on the outside good girl so of  course it seems almost trite but and so obvious   but you must strive to keep the water on  the outside of the boat how do we do that   deck and hull make sure there aren't any  leaks in the hull we have through hulls   we must check them make sure they're  strong in good shape they open they close   have soft wood bungs nearby every  through hull ready to just tap them in   other holes in the boat big ones they're above the  water line but they're big ones and that's hatches   make sure that waves rain etc don't allow  water in you can close those hatches down tight   a big pounding wave on the side of the boat  is not going to break them and they don't leak   other deck fittings such as screw holes  staunches mounting holes and clutches etc  
04:56
they're gonna leak a little bit and you're always  gonna have annoying deck leaks but that's not   enough to sink your boat so i'm talking about  through hulls mostly and your hatches we do our   best absolute best to follow rule number one keep  the water on the outside what happens if we can't   what happens if we get a hole in the boat  we want some plan of what we're going to do   if we get a hole in the boat now  why would you get a hole in the boat   obviously you run aground onto a reef or rock you  know that can be pretty severe and it can mean the   end of your boat unless you have something planned  of what you're going to do let's say something   a little bit more simple just for explanation  purposes let's say we run into a log floating in   the ocean or a container something hard that's put  a hole in your hull so we want to consider things   and have things in mind of what we're going to  use to stop the water coming in just depends on  
06:04
where the hole is but one of the quickest things  you can do is grab the jib storm jib throw it   over the bow position it over the hull you've got  both sides you've got if you're a mana hole it's   even easier because you can you can get to both  edges or both ends of the jib pulling the foot   of the jib up pulling the head of the jib up here  suddenly you've just covered the hole in your hull   other things maybe for a hatch that blows out  is to have some plywood pieces about yeah big   just big enough to cover the biggest hatch that  you've got and have them ready depending on what   your hull material is or your deck material ready  to screw down or to plug up the hole some way   whether it's plywood a sail uh you just need to  think of these things before you're out there   and before it happens so you've always got it  planted in the back of your mind what you'll do  
07:09
other things that make a boat seaworthy  apart from keeping water on the outside   you don't want to end up adrift so check  your engines or engine make sure that it   is available as propulsion you're a sailing boat  first yes but you need a backup or redundancy   form of propulsion and that's normally the  engine your primary means of propulsion as   a sailboat is your rig and sails so you  need to do a thorough rigging inspection   are your sails up to an ocean crossing or are  they too old and tatted and they'll probably   blow out in the first blow it's okay if they blow  out but always have other sails that you can use   what happens if you can't if something happens to  your rig or something happens to your engine well   uh the worse that can happen to  your rig is that you'll lose it   it'll fall down or it'll break well  then you need to look up a jury rig   a way to rig up your small sails with a jury  rig system so have a think about these things  
08:23
because it's a little bit late to be  thinking about it when you're out there   think about it before you go you need a bunch  of spare parts for critical systems on your boat   engine parts spare hardware rigging  rigging parts you know whether it's   shackles or whatever i've got a bunch  of dyneema you know you need spare parts   and you need the tools and you need the know-how  so make sure you do all the work that you can   yourself on the boat and ideally you'd be  doing everything on the boat so you need   spare parts you need the tools and you need  the know-how to fix things instead of trying   calling for help there's too many sailors  out there who are so quick to call for help   whether it's the coast guard and maybe their taxes  pay for it or you know inconveniencing a passing  
09:27
sale boat by asking for help when they should  have been able to do this themselves and the last   seaworthy item i want to talk about is the captain  you you obviously we could talk about health and   all that sort of stuff that's an obvious or  a given but talking about your experience   your knowledge is it sufficient to make this  crossing now everyone's got to start somewhere   you can't train your first passage well i guess  you could as a crew though but not a captain   so just the secret to a successful passage and  minimal risk is preparation and forethought so as   captain you maybe you don't have the experience  just read read the books read other people's   now on social media there's so many people  who got an opinion but there's some masters   out there you know there's some great books  about blue water sailing or an ocean crossing  
10:33
so just educate yourself because the difference  between this and going out for a day sale is that   there's no one to call for help it's down to you  another aspect to the seaworthiness of your boat   is equipment later we're going to discuss  personal safety equipment life jackets etc   but you also need equipment to control your  boat this is most relevant in heavy weather   now we're all happy to deal with light weather  or mild weather conditions but what about heavy   weather do you have storm sails that you can use  in 40 knots plus if you have extended periods of   strong wind and big seas you need to check your  storm jib and determine if you need a try sale   for uh heavy weather sailing how about  parachute anchors or series drugs
11:38
you need on a long passage you need to be  able to handle anything that comes at you   paperwork topic two is legals make sure your boat  is ready to go into international waters or into   another country do you have registration  certificate passports obviously for every   crew member depending on your nationality and  where you're going you may need a visa before   you arrive uh you'll have to check the embassy  requirements for the country that you're going to so make sure your passport is valid  for a minimum six months before expiry   by the time you arrive and you have a visa  if you need one when you get there you need   to check the customs requirements of  the country you're intending to visit  
12:46
they may have restrictions such as no  firearms or spear guns or drugs obviously   so make sure that you're not carrying anything  that you may lose in all of the half the world   of the cruising that we've done so far we've  only been inspected in one country and that   was mauritius and they inspected very well they  were very interested in their pharmaceuticals   quarantine requirements uh very relevant in  unfortunately this day and age of covid you   need to check what are the quarantine requirements  of the country you're going to sell to you might   be lucky and can claim the sea time so make sure  you keep a log in an official log yachts log   insurance requirements some countries  need insurance malaysia was a good example   checking into malaysia they wanted a copy  of your current insurance certificate and it  
13:49
was just because in the last year or two prior to  when i got there a yacht had sunk near the marina   the owner just disappeared uh so they required  insurance for you to enter the country before you   leave your present port you need a port clearance  so after normally the procedure is checking out   with immigration get your passport stamped go  to customs get a customs clearance go to the   port captain and get a port clearance now this  is a piece of letter sorry a piece of paper that   proves that you have have legal authorization to  leave the country you don't owe them any money   basically the next country that you're checking  into just depends on the country but generally   they will want to see your port clearance from  the previous port some countries are a bit more   relaxed so and finally do you have the flags  for country of your destination and onwards
15:04
you need a courtesy flag that you fly on the  port side so again the starboard side of your   cross trees or your spreaders and initially you  may need to fly a quarantine flag until you've   had clearance a health card and i don't mean  insurance although that is very handy you may need   immunizations before you arrive in the country of  your destination you need to check on this as the   entry requirements may include immunizations for  such thing as things as yellow fever and others okay topic number three let's talk  about timing now the first one is a   bit of a given it's a bit obvious uh  personal timing when is a good time  
16:10
when do you get time off work when will  your family let you go same with the crew it's difficult if you're on a tight schedule  that means the schedule's more important than   waiting for the right weather let me just say  that this is a difficult thing to get to until   your full-time cruising when you can actually  just sit back and wait you can wait a month   for the right weather window or the right weather  conditions until everything's right until you know   don't wait too long as you never go but uh it's so  much better since we've started cruising full-time   um we have so much more pleasant passages because  we're not on a schedule so the age-old question   for a new cruiser is what time of year  should i be planning to make this passage   you can check that sort of information out  by reading books such as jimmy cornell's   world cruising routes it's a great  volume and i thoroughly recommend it  
17:20
however he's got his information from pilot  charts pilot charts are planning charts put out by   perhaps the department of defense  for the us or the british admiralty   for the uk and they are a historical record of  the last i think it's 50 years of weather patterns   per month per calendar month so for april we can  look up what is the predominant wind direction   in this area there it's broken up into five  degree squares of the planet and in that   five degree square you can see the predominant  wind direction in percentage and current you can   see the frequency of storms frequency of gales  the frequency of tropical cyclones you can see   so much information it's really time to put on  your specs and read the pilot charts there's a lot  
18:30
of information in the introduction to the pilot  chart atlas and also on the charts themselves   this is where you find a historical story of the  weather for the long period of time so we can sort   of assume this year is going to be similar once  you've planned what month you're going to leave in   then you start looking for your weather window by  watching the forecasts i use predictwind because   it has four different models and i can compare  them all but that's when you refine your actual   start or your departure date so in summary timing  one your personal timing for you and your crew   two choose the month of departure you can  take advice from jimmy cornell's books   or better still check the pile of charts  and get some more detailed answers there   and three check your weather window  for your final date of departure  
20:07
uh crew do we really want anyone else  on board topic four crew do we need crew   do we want crew this is obviously a personal thing  for you as the skipper for a long passage length   well yes you could use the extra set of hands  uh i just recently had back surgery i would have   liked the extra set of hands for the heavy work  uh crossing an ocean especially being so long   but then being so long can you put up with someone  else that you know perhaps clashes a personality   uh you got to think about compatibility  and cabin fever and these are real things   in times of stress or when a person  is out of their usual comfort zone   uh then strange facets of their personalities  shine through so it's really up to you and what  
21:15
your experience level is we've got friends  who have hired a skipper to make an atlantic   crossing a north atlantic crossing so  yeah consider the privacy that you want   maybe you want a bunch of guys and it's all fun  you know if that's the sort of uh vibe you're   looking for obviously we found crossing  the indian ocean and obviously more crew   is less work for each individual for watch keeping  with three of us on board we found it really quite   ideal anyway we would have liked crew for this  south atlantic crossing uh in fact my buddy arthur   who joined us on the indian ocean he was going to  join us on this crossing but with border closure   he can't get here there was a choice uh there was  an option of taking a young local guy who's just   got his sailing license so i'm not sure which  license but anyway they do sell training here   and they were keen to build up miles  these are young guys in their early 20s   but we don't know these guys you know and  to spend 20 to 30 days stuck on board a boat  
22:24
i don't know we've decided it's just princess  and i just the two of us and the weather   is looking calm we're not calm but it's light 10  knots or so so it should be easy going we hope   i know there will be times i wished i had  extra crew but for the remaining 95 of the time   i'm glad it's just us up to you up out of time and  we only covered four out of ten see you next week   when we continue the rest of the checklist  of preparing for an ocean crossing remember   please like subscribe share and leave a comment   maybe there's some questions or some corrections  let me know remember knowledge keeps you cruising you

DOWNLOAD SUBTITLES: