Nietzsche, "Master & Slave Morality"

Nietzsche, "Master & Slave Morality"

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00:03
okay now I know I say this too much I've said this a bunch of times I'm starting to sound like Eichmann but this is another one of my favorite topics Nietzsche is someone that you either love or hate for example in my case I both love and hate this guy he is absolutely brilliant but I hope he's wrong I hope people like me wait I'm not that important I hope that people like from or sing or write and I hope Nietzsche's wrong but if we're all wrong
00:35
right if there is no goodness in human nature if there is no morality at the basic at the base of our instincts if the universe really can't be trusted and there's no meaning in it then Nietzsche's right I hope he's not but that is Plan B all right so first start notice how I pronounce his name I do not pronounce German well I've never studied much of it except the grammar but right let's just say it this way we will say
01:05
it as Nietzsche that's pretty close to what I hear German people say just don't say Nietzsche right that annoys the nerdy people about Nietzsche and just to say this plenty of people love Nietzsche so you will really piss people off if you mispronounce his name now who loves him if you are in the alley behind the front to your restaurant down near UNM and you see people dressed all in black giving themself tattoos giving themselves tattoos and chain smoking
01:37
cigarettes you have some meetcha fans right he is really popular with the most disgruntled people in our society and they have a point good so let's start Nietzsche with how important he was as a historical figure because he is one of the most radical thinkers in all of history well what is he most famous for saying and this is said in what would this be about 1883 I'm guessing famous words God is dead
02:10
how well did that go during the 1880s Oh people hated him so let's talk a little bit about his life let's first start with the controversies there were two myths that were often believed about Nietzsche and I'll tell you why they were believed the first myth is that his ideas like the idea that God is dead drove him crazy his ideas were incredibly radical yes but people think that these thoughts or maybe even God cursed him drove him nuts
02:40
did neat you go crazy yes actually right now pause this video and look up pictures of Nietzsche because I want to say something about it you will see some famous pictures of him dressed in his black suit with his humongous mustache okay now scroll down a little farther right go back and look at this and you will see really awful pictures of him dying the most fascinating things about those pictures right are two things first in
03:13
some of those pictures he's barely conscious if you look closely his eyes are caving in and he's kind of googly-eyed sorry not like Sartre not from birth but this is toward the end of his life and so some of the most famous pictures of him that are pictures that people think all here's a Nietzsche at his heyday are actually him being propped up while he's actually nearing death he is writing tons and tons of books in the 1880 1880s in the early
03:42
1890s and he dies at 1900 some of these pictures are from the mid 1890s and he has already lost it what you will find is you will find pictures of Nietzsche as Superman right maybe we'll talk about that and Nietzsche with a horse or at worst with a horse and if you keep scrolling you'll see porn so stop good you'll see Nietzsche as a horse or with a horse because one of the last things he was ever seen doing was no get this
04:13
picture he is on the city streets and someone is whipping a horse because the horse won't go now before cars you took horses and carriages everywhere and so it was pretty standard nobody cared about animal rights in this day so this guy is whipping a horse because it won't move and what does Nietzsche do now Nietzsche is already going really nuts at this point what does he do he steps between the men and the horse takes a couple of the lashes himself and says how dare you hurt this poor horse and he wraps his arms around the horse
04:44
no this is fascinating because in each I hated everyone Nietzsche couldn't get along with anyone he only had friends for short periods of his life this is the last public thing that Nietzsche ever did after that he was bedridden and insane and it is not his ideas that drove him crazy so let's settle the myth it was wait for it untreated syphilis so here's a little public service announcement please wear your Jimmy hats syphilis and these kinds of diseases sexually transmitted
05:16
diseases are no joke they quite literally will melt your brain if they're untreated and so this one happened is what happened to Nietzsche I'm pretty sure it was his fondness for prostitutes but I don't want to speculate too much but he went crazy because of untreated syphilis yeah let's put the other myths together with this one the other myth is that Nietzsche was a what we'll call a proto Nazi meaning that there aren't any such things as Nazis yet right the Nazis will rise to power make a name for themselves still
05:48
20 years after he's dead but it's this idea that he would have been a Nazi if it existed so watch how these two myths overlap as he is dying he is publishing notes for his last great book that is going to be called the will to power now before he goes crazy he is producing book after book and these things are amazing they are not fun to read but the ideas are absolutely flooring right if you can read say Beyond Good and Evil or genealogy of morals those are good ones
06:20
those can be read the others are really hard to read and no fun but the ideas are just overpowering when you do get them so what's happening now Nietzsche is not a Nazi but his brother-in-law and his sister are proton Nazis and so what are they doing they are taking notes and excerpts from this book he is planning that's going to be his big match to work at the end of his life called the will to power and notice even that title sounds very Nazi
06:51
ask they are taking excerpts of his notes and publishing them as if he is still writing them he is pretty much a vegetable at this point but what do they do they prop him up in bed and publish these photos so that people think he is still alive and well in producing these proto Nazi styles of propaganda now to be clear he does hate everyone so if you look at excerpts from any of his books and especially the notes from will to power you will find all sorts of things
07:22
that are very hateful against the Jews but turned the next page and he's hateful against the Christians turned the next page and he's hateful against what German nationalism he thinks anyone that takes our identity from the country they happen to be born when is a complete and they should not yes he uses this kind of language so he hates everyone and you can find hateful things about every group you want to imagine so what do the brother-in-law and sister do just publish those pieces that are against the Jews and making it
07:54
sound like he's all for this new thing that will soon be the Nazi the Nazi Party now let's say one more thing about his life because he is often misunderstood in this way as well let's treat this as a fun little topic of how to be a radical I know many of you would love to be a radical make a name for yourself for being a revolutionary person in whatever your field it may be it's in philosophy maybe it's in politics or maybe to music or honor now here's the problem let me give you a
08:24
quick how-to set of bullet points for how to be an how to be a radical person in history and in your field there's a problem because how do you become a radical thinker in person you have to be a nerd first I am sorry there is no shortcut you have to study and study you have to practice your craft and only then and you'll be great and have a real big impact there's no shortcut Nietzsche in fact was one of the biggest nerds ever
08:55
he only became a radical later after he was a serious nerd his field was actually what's called the classics now this is one of my little sub disciplines one of my degrees has a concentration of clock in the classics what is this this is the field of study of ancient literature languages and ideas no don't be paint a little aside of how nerdy people in the classics are first where do you find books on the classics they are literally in the basements of
09:27
libraries so these people are used to living in a world that hasn't hope in desert sunshine and they look like it let me paint in another picture when I was taking my oral examinations for my concentration in classics over at Boston College now notice what this means this means that I had to sit in a room and be grilled like an interview but with several advanced scholars in the classics and in order to get that part of my master's degree I had to pass this exam this interview here is my favorite
09:58
part oh this great one of the classics professors professors was asking me a question about let me remember Augustine asking me a question about Augustine City of God and as he is talking and by the way he is the classic nerd in the classics he literally has a tweed jacket with elbow patches if you could imagine he really does all that's missing is a pipe right didn't have a pipe that day but I'm sure he had one anyway he's asking me this question
10:30
and like most classics right classicists he is a very mousy quiet little voice and I can't hear him he is sitting in the front row of deaths so I leaned forward to try to hear what he's saying because he's barely audible and what happens when I lean forward he literally screamed and jumped back because a regular human was gonna get close to him if it was the best that is how people in the classics are now here's Nietzsche
11:00
meetcha was such a profound scholar at a very young age he was one of in this day one of the youngest people that ever have a full professorship and what was his concentration latin in the classics in ancient history and he was already a full professor at the age of something like 24 in that day that is just incredible so sorry for those of you who want to be radical without doing your homework it really can't be done you have to be a nerd first all right okay
11:31
obviously you need to calm down but it is really fun to teach this stuff correct so that your notes can be organized let me go really low-tech right here right I know I've been doing my little charts and my little drawings which are trying to be tech but let me be even more low-tech here in order to make it really efficient in taking your notes and in order to organize what's going on and yes please make sure you're taking notes on these videos here is the best way to organize your notes right so
12:04
here is a little chart I'm going to show you and please take notes in this sort of a floor mat now of course leave room and each of these boxes I would make this take up a whole page so there's plenty of room for notes and little stories right that you can fill in but please mimic this sort of chart in your notes and this is how I will be talking I will be talking about okay now we're in this little part of the chart okay so here is your chart let me hold this up it is hideous cuz you know how bad my
12:35
writing is but here is how we will be thinking to meetcha is that framed okay good all right so get it till we have a little chart master slave morality different category it's different caught the two major columns leave tons of room here and we are gonna fill in our chart using these four rows looking at basic examples looking at the origins of each style of morality and then looking at how each defines good and bad all right
13:07
is that enough time is it that a great YouTube video someone holding up scribbled piece of paper Wow this is going to get all sorts of likes alright did you do it good so let's first give a start as a with a little preface and fill in that first row so we have master morality and slave morality will read what Nietzsche says in a second but I want to start with just some of your
13:38
basic intuitions about this stuff first what are and please I would love it if you would talk to your screen pretend you're talking to me because I really miss you give me examples of major civilizations throughout history that you've heard of some of you with his history backgrounds yeah you can go off right now and say what are all the major civilizations in history and think about them and so right now you should be thinking about the Greeks the Spartans right the Goths you can be thinking
14:11
about the Ming Dynasty the English Empire the American Empire German Empire we can go on and on right the Romans write huge civilization and you could keep going all the way through Hans Celts all sorts of things now as you're thinking of that list of civilizations that we know about right think or guess I guess honor these master morality civilizations or slave morality situations now think about that list you just made let's see where they should go
14:43
in our chart we're not sure yet are these civilizations famous as having master morality or slave morality are these master morality civilizations or slave morality civilizations now of course you can imagine what's gonna happen now these are all master morality civilizations all the ones that we study our master morality types of groves now of course don't misunderstand are there plenty of slave morality people living in these civilizations
15:15
sure who was doing all the work when you think of ancient Egypt and that one's easy to imagine because it was a bunch of cartoons about it now of course these slaves that are made King the pyramids they probably hold to slave morality Pilate it's that what we study is that what we think about when we think about Egypt no we all think about the greatness the powerful people who all day master morality type of idea so fill in your chart and simply write every civilization that we study those are the examples now what are there more
15:48
of in the world when you think of people are there more people practicing and thinking slave morality or master morality well slave morality of course but we don't hear much from them what are the master morality people doing oh they're inventing mathematics and philosophy that writing music they're building roads making plumbing right building pyramids right what are the slave morality people doing well sadly they're just surviving where do they show up in history Oh a good example of this is read the Old Testament of the Bible what
16:19
do you find oh well a lot of the Old Testament take the books of Kings John Judges Joshua is what um the Israelites in this case a strange hybrid of a master morality society killing all the slave morality people who are just surviving and what do they do they just live what did the master morality people do they invent they create and they destroy slave morality people and enslave them obviously so now let's start reading so now let's go to the
16:49
origin part of our chart and fill in going down origin good bad for master morality first so let me start reading in a tour of the many fine are in course immoralities which have ruled or still rule on earth i found certain traits regularly recurring together and bound up with one another until it length two basic types were revealed and a basic distinction emerged there is master morality and slave morality and remember again he is not just making this stuff
17:21
up he is a serious scholar of ancient civilizations and ideas and so he has done this work he didn't do his work looking to be radical he did the nerdy work and found all of these radical ideas just under the surface so let's keep reading so now I'm gonna skip about three lines so I'm about the seventh line from this top of the Nietzsche reading the moral value distinctions have arisen either among a ruling order which was pleasurably conscious of its distinction
17:51
from the ruled or among the rule the slaves independence of every degree so of course now we've got the basics of our origins but I want to say a lot more so first it's origin could be an answer of who originated them and that answer is really really easy who was the original authors of master morality masters rulers powerful people who were the original authors of slave or ality of course slaves peasants dependent people but I want to talk more about the Orang origins in terms of the original
18:24
ideas not just to originate to them but of course put the open the original authors in the chart so let's talk in the former case when it is the rulers who determine the concept good it is the exalted proud states of soul which are considered distinguishing and determine the order of rank the noble human being separates from himself those nature's in which the opposite of such exalted proud States finds expression he despises them it should be noticed that once it in this first type morality the antithesis good and bad means the same thing as
18:56
noble and despicable we need to say more about that so first when you're filling in your chart you're going to say good means noble and bad meets despicable absolutely fine start that way but it that's really a vague notion we need to fill it in the antithesis good and evil originates elsewhere so notice go to your chart so wearing master morality it says good and bad please make a little note that in slay morality the idea of bad wasn't strong enough for the slave morality people so they not only say people are bad they
19:28
say evil so fill that in right in slave morality it's not only bad in their chart but they would call bad people evil it's interesting they cowardly the timid the petty and those who think only of narrow utility are despised as are the mistrustful with their constricted glands those who have based themselves the doglike type of man who lets himself be mistreated now I was there for fun let me let me make it clear how crazy radical this is when he says that line please
20:00
imagine a historical figure that he could be talking about those who have base themselves the doglike type of man who lets himself be mistreated think about that a good guess would be Gandhi yes right an even better guess would be who a person that Nietzsche really can't stand Jesus what is Jesus someone that could be great but he lowers himself and says I am just like you poor people and I care about you and he lets people
20:32
abuse him what does the master allottee think of someone like that they're terrible what a weak what a fool how Despicable can you be than to let yourself be abused by weak people all right well let's read farther and then let's fill in our chart so skip a couple lines now it is what it says quote we who are truthful thus did the nobility of ancient Greece desig designate themselves it is immediately
21:04
obvious that designations of moral value are for everywhere first applied to human beings and only later and derivatively to actions which is why it is a grave error when moral historians start from such questions as quote why has the compassion and action been praised unquote the noble type of man feels himself to be the determiner of values he does not need to be approved of he judges what harms me is harmful in itself he knows himself to be that which in general first Accords honors two things
21:33
he creates values so sorry I had to read to the end before we could go back to the top of our chart and talk about origins because notice what it's saying the original authors of national morality were the Masters and powerful but notice what is the key idea that gives them their values the idea that we are good and people unlike us are bad so notice the original idea was master people are better than the weak people than the slaves then the peasant and so this idea value notice how he
22:06
says it is attributed to people not how you act so make a note you are good and bad because of who you are not because of what you do and so these distinctions between what is good and what is bad could be really closely in most societies distinctions of class if you are upper-class powerful rich you are good if you are lower-class a slave a peasant the masses you are bad and so notice this idea oh here let's try an ultimate test when
22:40
he is saying good means noble he is saying the nobles he is not saying that if you act with nobility you are good know what is the worst thing in history that a peasant or a poor person could do you will be locked in jail if you do this what act as if your noble if you go around wearing purple poor people aren't supposed to wear purple if you drink your tea with your pinky out like the nobles do in a lot of civilizations in history you will be thrown in jail for
23:10
impersonating what a good person you are a lowly terrible person so notice what it means to say the bad person is suspicous just saying that the noble people hate you they despise you let's come up with a nice little word that still exists in our history so how would you talk about good people upper-class rich noble powerful Kings rulers people are good what sort of people are bad here is the best word for
23:40
it the vulgar people are bad here is a word in our language that is actually an ancient word that we have brought brought up but we have lost its original meaning and we only appreciate its connotations so think of what you think of when I say the word vulgar what does vulgar mean it means aggressive it means rude it means bloodthirsty it means disgusting vulgar but what does it actually mean historically vulgar simply
24:11
meant normal in other words vulgar was actually a placeholder for the masses people the common people the poor classes this is the vast majority of people in the planet and it usually always was that the masses were the vulgar class they were the common people and what did the Noble think of them while they are vulgar they are disgusting they are liars they can't be trusted look at how incredibly disgusting they are so you simply call them the masses and that is a derogatory
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expression they are vulgar now let's read after that break at the end of the page a morality of the rulers is however most alien and painful to contemporary taste in the severity of its principle that one has duties only towards one's equals that towards beings of a lower rank towards everything alien one may act as one wishes or quote as the heart dictates and in any case beyond good and evil it is here that pity and the light can have a place so now let's put this together because this is interesting and
25:15
now by the way little tangent who did that sound like right there the idea that morality is a matter of the heart sorry but it sounded like the libertarian artisan he talked that way your morality should be based on how you feel it's a matter of the heart if you like some people more than others you like people that are close to you then of course that's who you should worry about Nietzsche is saying the same thing about most morality you only have duties to toward people like you masters only need to worry about other masters they
25:46
don't have to worry about the poor people the vast majority of people on the planet now of course if you are a master now if you do give pity toward weak people well Wow you're sure are a nice person but this has nothing to do with morality this is Beyond Good and Evil no nois let me say some terrible things in the book slaughterhouse-five does that read that correct yes in the book slaughterhouse-five right Vonnegut says this he has some people sitting in a
26:18
basement while they're hunkered down during the war and some people from different countries are hunkering in this basement and one of the people is an American and they're asking the American about a America and they say this to him isn't America weird you are the only society on earth that doesn't have stories praising poor people no of course you have stories about poor people but you only talk about them because they became rich if they didn't become rich you wouldn't even talk about them whereas
26:49
every other civilization in history has great people who were never became rich but they were wise and good and they were poor America's weird so now look at this think about some of our heroes think about it the ways people praise people like Bill Gates or Oprah I am so sorry these are nice people but they are only good because they became wealthy and why do we praise them because they show pity for ordinary people what does
27:21
Bill Gates do he is concerned for health care in poor countries like Africa what is Oprah do she gives away cars to ordinary people here's a car for you what is this this is someone that we love because they are masters don't mistake yourself don't get all weird right you know that you only love Oprah and Bill Gates because they're wealthy and powerful because they are Nobles but why do we single them out because they're not only Nobles they have pity
27:52
for the poor people so they are our favourite nobles we like them because we're nobles but they also show pity so no ask a little side question just see if this makes sense can a peasant can a slave ever be good in the moral morality way of looking at moral values can a slave ever be good no they can because they are not by definition bad they are vulgar they are peasants they are by
28:22
definition despicable now we can derivatively and this is how he talks about it we can also talk about how people act but notice you are good because of who you are and then you should act appropriately to the kind of person you are so how does a good person act in master morality well what are they like they are proud they strive for power ask this question is more good in master morality of course it is because what is
28:54
the word do no I'm not talking about just a trivial sense about war as a way to grab more power that's true but we are talking about this idea of virtue the idea of master morality works really well when you think of the virtues and this is where it becomes hideous that you are educated in a generation that thought we need to get back to virtues well virtues are only at home in master morality because now it's about the person what makes you good not how you
29:23
act but who you are if you have courage if you have integrity if you have loyalty if you have honor if you have bravery well this is garbage when it comes to other forms of morality it only works in master morality because what would someone sorry this is nerdy what would someone like Khan say about Birchers he would say they're only good if you have a goodwill with them because does being brave make you a good person no it could make you a good person or it
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could make you a good soldier but it could also make you a good rapist or thief in in other words these are traits of excellence but they don't aren't they don't necessarily make you a moral person they just make you great at whatever you're trying to achieve so does a master morality love Warren of course because it's how you prove your mettle it's how you prove your worth how you prove your bravery should the masses
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of people should the majority of people like war no we are just imitating the powerful when we think we like war but it does no good for us and even if you're a master morality person and you prove that you're brave and war you really did that for the master class and you're just imitating and doing what no offense here benefiting them they have convinced you that we are so good that you should adopt our concerns alright sorry about that but it's true so now let's turn to
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slave morality so let's go to the right side of our chart and let's read I will start in the fifth line on page two it is otherwise with the second type of morality slave morality suppose the abused oppress suffering unfree those uncertain of themselves and weary should moralize what would their moral evaluations have in common so make a big note here master morality comes first it is only after people are suffering at the hands of the masters
31:28
that they invent their own morality so yes the authors of the original ideas here of slave morality are slaves and peasants are people being oppressed let's continue what would their moral evaluations have in common now listen again now this doesn't right I am NOT getting you to guess what the historical figure here is but what is the institution in society throughout all of history that sounds like this what would their moral evaluate evaluations have in common
31:59
probably a pessimistic mistrust of the entire situation of men will find expression perhaps a condemnation of man together with his situation this slave is suspicious of the virtues of the powerful he is skeptical and mistrustful keenly mistrustful of everything good that is honoured among them he would like to convince himself that happiness itself is not genuine among them pause there who does that sound like all or wart more appropriately what institution
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talks that way the church you could see Jesus is teaching sounding like this or even better the writings Apollo the New Testament what is the church constantly saying people are evil and corrupt you cannot redeem yourselves you need help from God all of us are depraved sinners since the fall of man and we are all doomed to hell what are the bumper stickers of this world right the idea is this place is terrible and doomed and there
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is no hope for us here now notice so what are the origins here there are some good origins of this myth of this slave morality that we'll get to it in a second but right now are the oranges that I hate I love slave morality except I hate its original idea what is the original idea resentment is what Nietzsche loves to call it the idea is not that slave morality has its own morality has its own ideas of good and bad it is just a
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reaction to the powerful it is just the slave saying what you masters think that you are good well you cause suffering so you know what you mean ease your back the the origin of slave morality is a rejection of master morality master morality comes first slave morality is defined by its resentment for the masters and that's the part I hate for instance in churches what do you hear more about sin or goodness
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sin what are they what do you talk more about who and what will go to hell and how people are living the right way or goodness and telling everyone to help everyone no people on slate morality are more prone to resentment than they are to actually promoting goodness here's another example let me show you that churches people societies like ours are very motivated by this idea of resentment right let's think umm I am
34:36
trying to think about this famous book that had a lot of influence on other literature everybody's familiar with the book it's even in videogames it was by Dante let's see Dante wrote a famous book Dante wrote a famous book what was it called Dante's you're right Dante's Inferno nerds that's actually incorrect we think the book is called Dante's Inferno because that's the only part we care about do we read the other parts of the book
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so about heaven or purgatory Oh about the purgatory or people who can work hard and try to make their way to heaven no we don't care about that garbage we don't want to hear stories about people doing well or working hard and redeeming themselves we want to hear stories about powerful people's suffering in hell the book is actually called Divine Comedy but everybody thinks is called the inferno because we only like the part that's about resentment about seeing powerful people suffer that's the point slave morality is about resentment for
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the powerful and we love things like Dante's Inferno we love church services to talk about all those terrible people going to hell and how they are not actually happy but miserable about how celebrities are really all rapists and pedophiles we love those stories we love powerful happy people being brought down so read further right where I left off on the other hand those qualities which serve to make easier the existence of the suffering will be brought into
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prominence and flooded with light here it is that pity the kind and helping hand the warm heart patients industrial industriousness humility friendliness coming to honor now pause here because you're starting to notice something about the comparison in master morality where would you put humility that's of the disgusting bad lower peasant class the lower peasant class the masters look at Jesus and say you fool why are you poor you are disgusting if you have humility or pity that's because you're
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weak weakness is a sign of badness and master morality so now notice what happens it's labor ality you are suffering and oppressed and here is the part of it that I like the other side of the origins of master morality fileted in your chart one part of it is resentment but the other part of it is how do we survive when we're so oppressed what do we have to do we have to care for one another so these lay morality values that are going to get promoted and flooded with light are taking care of one another
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being compassionate showing pity for others sharing being a hard worker now there another tangent does masked morality preys hard work not really the goals of master morality is have other people work for you to sit around and post pictures on Instagram of how wealthy you are not how hard you work son tangent so continue for here these are the most useful qualities and virtually the only means of enduring the
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burden of existence slight morality is essentially the morality of utility here is the source of that famous antithesis good and evil power and danger were felt to exist in evil a certain dreadful - subtlety and strength which would not admit of contempt that's according to slave mortality the evil inspire fear according to master morality is precisely the good who inspire fear and want to inspire it well the bad man is judged contemptible so notice we're jumping back and forth so what makes you
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good insight morality good in slave morality is now actions what sort of actions actions of helping one another cope and survive so sharing caring pity humility what do you want people that are proud but people who are lower themselves and be kind to one another who see other's misery and do something about it so what makes you bad in slave morality and now the overall moral of the story is becoming clear what makes you bad in slave
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morality acting like those pompous jerks that are the good in master reality what is bad in slave morality showing pride being greedy being selfish not caring about one another but acting like those disgusting masters so what do you find in here let's get our chart and do the quite obvious thing so look at your chart and now it's pretty obvious what's going on master morality is invented and then what does slave morality do sorry for the
39:24
beautiful graphics they simply reverse the values what the slave morality considers good and bad are the opposites of what is good or bad in master morality and so what are the conclusions you are supposed to draw from this now please note in the background what Nietzsche is saying is our moral values are just social conventions they are just people who have power or I'll have say saying we are good what is master morality we people who have power good
39:56
what is slave morality we slave people who are humble and try to help each other are good you are bad morals are just complete fictions of people trying to get other people to agree with them and give them more say and more power that's our morality yes this is what Nietzsche meant by the will to power and so we get to my favorite question which are we as a society here's what I like to think of let me give you a scenario let's pretend that you are driving out
40:28
in the middle of nowhere there is no City around just out of the middle of nowhere in western New Mexico or something and your car breaks down and you have no cell phone signal now let's imagine two different scenarios let's imagine while you're sitting there out in the middle of the night you see someone walk up to you who is wearing just a white old t-shirt they have baggy jeans right they have a big beard like this one right and you see them walking toward your car in the middle of the
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night like this what are you thinking now notice what's happening you are thinking I am going to die we have a basic instinct like the master morality people do I'm saying poor people are bad you could say that part of the reason why people seek wealth think back to Smith for example part of the reason people seek wealth is they think wealth makes you good now it just said it makes your life easier but that wealth will gave me respect because people do not think poor
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people are good they think they are bad because they have a lot of this master morality now try the second scenario you are out in the middle of nowhere and now a fancy car pulls up and a nicely dressed guy gets out what are you thinking now of course some of you were thinking oh I'm gonna be raped but most of you are thinking ok let's see if this guy can get me some help you don't immediately think he's as big of a threat why because he's up the master morality type of class try another
42:02
scenario I think it's a basic truism that when people get dressed up they dress up as the people they want to be well when you are going to a fancy place what do you do you dress up like the master class you say that you want to be a good person that you would emulate Jesus or Mother Teresa or Gandhi really do you dress like them when you go to parties do you post photos of yourself on Instagram poor and dirty no you're imitating Beyonce and jay-z and NBA players when you get dressed stuff
42:33
because that's who you want to be burn the other way we could say this if you wanted to try to find a scapegoat because as far as I'm concerned it seems like societies like ours practice only master morality but you could try to find a loophole and say that in our public lives we are master morality people but in our private lives maybe we're slave morality and we actually care about one another because think of this in your public life what is your major in your public life what
43:05
careers do you want to have do you want to have careers like Jesus and Gandhi and mother Teresa very few of us right no you want to have a career that will bring you what status wealth and power so pretty hard to say that our society encourages slave morality I think we talk that way and maybe we teach it to our kids but if your kid says you know what I want to devote my life to the poor I am going to go feed poor people and be poor myself
43:35
we will probably slap our little kid and ago become a lawyer

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