Writing a Descriptive Paragraph | Examples

Writing a Descriptive Paragraph | Examples

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hey it's Wendy from worldwide speak I'm back and this time I have a video on how to write a descriptive paragraph remember this is an overview of how to do this for the English language learner let's get started the descriptive paragraph its purpose is to make the reader feel like they are experiencing what you're writing about using sensory language maybe I want to describe my
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favorite dish or maybe I want to describe a horrible storm or even a room in my house this paragraph is going to describe something so that the reader understands exactly what you're trying to say and can imagine this through the type of language you use in your writing the descriptive paragraph has three important parts it has a clear topic
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sentence with a controlling idea it has support for the controlling idea that appeals to our senses sight hearing smell taste and touch and then it has a conclusion sentence what is the structure of this descriptive paragraph it begins with a topic sentence and that tells the reader what your topic is and
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why you're writing about it and then you have the reasons these stay focused on the controlling idea the why you're writing your paper and they give specific details to give the reader a better understanding and last we have the conclusion sentence that restates or says in different words your topic sentence let's take some time to talk
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about the topic sentence this is your first sentence of the paragraph it includes the topic and the controlling idea the topic is what you will write about and the controlling idea is the why you are writing about that topic what you want the reader to experience here's an example my favorite childhood dish was my mom's chicken Marbella my
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favorite childhood dish is the topic I'm talking about a food that I liked as a kid how am I going to make that specific and answer the question why I'm talking about it that's my controlling idea it's the chicken Marbella my favorite dish is the chicken Marbella and that is the dish I want my reader to feel like they're tasting when they read my
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paragraph let's look at a couple more examples so you can get an idea of how to write a strong topic sentence my home library is a perfect place to relax my home library is the place it's the topic and then my controlling idea what I want you to experience in my paragraph is the perfect place to relax when you read my
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paragraph I want you to feel like you're in my library relaxing here's another one hurricane harvey was a frightening and destructive storm okay the topic hurricane harvey and then what do i want you to learn or experience from my paragraph I want you to understand that it was a destructive
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and a frightening storm that's my controlling idea we're gonna talk about hurricane Harvey as the topic and then I'd like you to experience what I experienced and how destructive and frightening it was we talked about the topic sentence so now let's talk about the support for your paragraph these are the details that make it super strong this part of your paragraph the support
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or the details this is the meat of your paragraph this is the part that describes what you want the reader to experience by giving them specific details that appeal to their senses sight hearing smell taste and touch you will write sentences that are filled with sensory language descriptive adjectives and/or prepositions of location I will go over how to do this
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in the next few slides first let's talk about sensory language writing a good descriptive paragraph means that we need to appeal to some or all of the five senses sight hearing smell taste and touch how do we do this well let's look at an example for each one of the senses that I mentioned first let's say we want
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to appeal to our readers sight and we're talking about Lake Michigan we could do squirts like royal blue massive turbulent let's say we would like to appeal to the readers hearing and we're talking about highway traffic we could use words like roaring buzzing or droning and then the sense of smell we
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could use words like fresh floral and pleasant to describe clean laundry and the sense of touch we want to describe Kentucky bluegrass we could use smooth dense and soft and lastly if we want to appeal to the sense of taste and we are trying to describe banana bread we could use words like
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sweet buttery and delectable now when we look at all of those words that I just showed you as examples to describe things those are words that we call adjectives and if you remember the purpose of an adjective is to describe so they're perfect to use in your descriptive essay and in order to have a
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very clear and strong descriptive essay you really must use a lot of adjectives these adjectives spice it up adding adjectives to your sentences gives your paragraph flavor these help the reader experience what you're writing let's take a look at how we do this first let's say we have the sentence she used two pounds of chicken
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for this recipe well that's kind of boring and it could point your reader to sleep or make your reader think about something else they have to do that day what if we added adjectives let's take a look at the sentence again and with a few descriptive adjectives she used two pounds of fresh organic chicken for this delicious recipe I've added three
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adjectives to the sentence and you but it definitely wakes the reader up and gives the reader that sense of taste and it gives more detail another way that we can keep our support really strong is to use similes a simile makes a comparison between two things by using the words like or as we use similes to make our
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writing more descriptive and easier for the reader to imagine let's take a look at an example the juicy chicken meat melted in your mouth like warm butter what two things are we comparing in this sentence we have the chicken and we have butter and we're comparing the two so that the reader gets a really clear image in their mind let's look at
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another example the lion was as loud as a freight train again we want the reader to have that image in their mind when they're reading our paper we want to appeal to their sense of taste and their sense of hearing or other senses that we're trying to appeal to depending on what we're writing about here's an example of a descriptive paragraph that
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you would use for real life perhaps you have to write one for school let's read this one together my favorite childhood dish was my mom's chicken Marbella the meat always came from our local poultry store named Harrisons she used two pounds of fresh organic chicken for this delicious recipe I can still remember the sweet smells of melting apricots and dates mixed with the savory sense of
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garlic caper and olives when the dish was baking in the oven it reminded me of walking past an exotic restaurant during dinner time I loved to sit in the kitchen engulfed in these enticing aroma once cooked the dark crispy skin of the chicken combined with the soft round apricots dates olives and Kate looked like a feast fit for royalty it was difficult to wait for that first bite but it was worth it because the
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juicy chicken mounted in your mouth like warm butter now when I cooked this fabulous recipe I forever remember my mother and how her chicken Marbella was so special here is the paragraph again and I have highlighted the adjectives and the similes that I used look how many there are you have to spice your paragraph up and
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you do this by using adjectives and similes the adjectives are highlighted in green and the similes are highlighted in blue you can see I used a ton of adjectives and a couple of similes the last thing I want to talk about in relation to support are prepositions of location sometimes when we write descriptive paragraphs we use
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prepositions of location these help the reader understand exactly where a person or a thing is in relation to someone or something else again it is specific language that gives the writer more power to describe and create an idea in the mind of a reader here are some examples of prepositions of location these aren't all of them but I thought we would start with these on the right
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on the left on top of and back up in front of next to the side between behind by inside near act above and across from here are some examples of prepositions of location in sentences next to this majestic red bookcase is the leather
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couch you can see the prepositional phrase next to this majestic red bookcase is at the beginning of the sentence and it tells where the bookcases in relation to the couch here's another example the cozy armchair is across from the couch and by the window you have two prepositional phrases you're using prepositions of location to show where
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things are in relation to each other and last behind the armchair is a lush firm in a terra cotta planter one piece of advice when you're using these prepositions of vocation in your descriptive paragraph make sure that you change the location of these prepositional phrases so that you don't always have them at the beginning of
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your sentence or at the end of your sentence when you vary the location of the prepositional phrases it makes your writing much easier to read because if we always have them at the beginning that's pretty boring so remember you always want to have a variation in your sentences of the prepositions of location now let's take
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a look at another descriptive paragraph and this time the descriptive paragraph is describing a location and the purpose is to have the reader see this location in their mind why don't you meet this with me my home library is the perfect place to relax when you first enter the room the dark blue walls draw you in and make you feel
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at peace a bookcase filled from top to bottom stands at the far end of the room inviting anyone to come and grab a book next to this majestic red bookcase is the leather couch it is well-worn so that it feels comfortable the minute you sit down it is perfect for resting or reading or daydreaming the cozy armchair is across from the couch and by the window this is another wonderful place to sit because when the sunlight hits the chair it
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warms your soul behind the armchair is a lush fern in a terracotta planter in between the couch and the armchair is a round wooden coffee table with a beautiful straw basket in the middle and on the floor is a faded Persian rug this gives the room the warmth that makes you want to stay for a while when it's time for some peace and quiet at home the library is the only room that I
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want to be so I've taken the time to highlight all of the prepositions of location in this paragraph that describes a room so as you can see I used a lot of these some of them come at the end of the sentence some of them come at the beginning of a sentence and some of them are in the middle of a sentence and we even use
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sometimes two prepositional phrases with prepositions of location in the same sentence so remember you want to have a variety of locations for your prepositions of location all right and last the conclusion sentence remember this is the last sentence of your paragraph and it just restates the
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topic and pops up the paragraph in our first example paragraph our topic sentence was my favorite childhood dish was my mom's chicken Marbella and then our conclusion sentence was now when I cook this fabulous recipe I forever remember my mother and how her chicken Marbella was so special so my favorite childhood dish
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I used the word recipe and then what I do is I mentioned my mom again and I say that I remember her and then I say that the dish was special I don't say it was my favorite but it was special so it has a similar meaning the same idea in the second example paragraph I wrote my home library is the perfect place to relax
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the conclusion sentence was when it's time for some peace and quiet at home the library is the only room I want to be now when I use the word relaxed in the topic sentence I want to use something different in the conclusion sentence so I used peace and quiet it has a similar meaning and then I expressed that when I want peace and
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quiet the library is the room that I go to and it's the only one that I want to be in similar idea different words and often times I switch the order of the sentence let's review remember you need a clear topic sentence with a controlling idea to begin the first sentence of your paragraph and for the descriptive paragraph you need support that appeals
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to our senses of sight hearing smell taste and touch and I showed you three ways that we are able to do that with adjectives similes and prepositions of location and last you have your conclusion sentence you can do it I know that you can write a clear and
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effective descriptive paragraph you went through the topic sentence the support and the conclusion sentence and you have all of the information now to do this on your own for more English resources you can always visit our website worldwide speak comm and you can find one-on-one coaching there you can find example essays or you can even find courses that
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you can take at your own pace I know that you can do this thank you so much for watching take care you

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