The Suez Crisis Explained

The Suez Crisis Explained

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Language: English

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00:03
what's crackin my name is mr. beat I sincerely hope that World War three never happens however there were at least two times in recent history where it almost actually did one of those times was the Suez Crisis once upon a time there was a man-made waterway that connected the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea called the Suez Canal this Suez Canal was kind of a big deal it made it so that ships sailing from Europe didn't have to go
00:35
all the way around Africa to get to East Asia the canal has huge strategic importance it makes trade between countries much easier and it used to be an important route that colonial powers used to get to their colonies although the Suez Canal was considered a quote neutral zone the United Kingdom controlled it for a while then under the employee gyptian Treaty of 1936 the UK was allowed to keep ten thousand troops in Egypt to protect the canal additionally the UK would supply and train Egypt's
01:07
army to help them protect it however a growing number of Egyptians became hostile for the British stationed there in October 1951 the Egyptian government said the anglo-egyptian treaty was no longer in effect the British thought otherwise and refused to leave because of this violence steadily increased between Egyptians and British troops On January 25th 1952 British forces attempted to disarm or take the weapons away from a troublesome Egyptian police force a shootout resulted in the deaths
01:38
of 41 Egyptians after this anti-western riots protested the shootings causing chaos on the streets of Cairo and resulting in the deaths of eleven British citizens a military coup or overthrow remove the Egyptian monarchy and placed a dude named Jamal Abdul Nassir in power Nasser wanted Egypt to be as powerful as possible in the region so he did whatever he could to make that a reality including exploiting the cold war that was going on which divided most
02:10
of the world at the time first of all Nasser didn't so much like the establishment of Israel and his troops often got into battles with Israel along the border of the two countries second he gladly accepted aid and weapons from the Soviet Union who had become a big friend third he also gladly accepted money offered from the United Kingdom of the United States to build a dam whoa watch your mouth whoa whoa whoa I'm not swearing I'm talking about the dams that retain water
02:39
oh this dam was to control the flooding of the Nile River however when the United Kingdom of the United States found out that Egypt was getting cozy with the Soviet Union and other communist countries it broke their promise to loan money for the construction of the dam Nasser retaliated by ordering the Suez Canal seized and nationalized meaning the Egyptian government would now control it Nasser wanted to charge tolls through the canal to pay for the dam they needed the UK hated the movement began to plan an assault to retake the canal they got
03:12
the support of France who was also mad at Nasser and Israel who obviously had beef with Egypt due to the whole warfare at their border with them thing the Israelis struck first on October 26th 1956 two days later British and French military forces joined them and the three countries easily took over the canal Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev strongly criticized the invasion and threatened to strike nuclear missiles on Western Europe but the Israeli French and British forces did not withdraw this caught the
03:43
attention of u.s. President Dwight Eisenhower Eisenhower's administration was frankly upset with everyone except Egypt they were upset that the Soviet Union was recklessly threatening nuclear war also have said that the United Kingdom had not informed them of their plans to invade the canal the u.s. threatened all three nations with economic sanctions if they persisted in their attack in addition most of the world viewed the invasion negatively as at the UK France and Israel were the bullies there were a
04:14
massive protests throughout the Middle East all of this economic and political pressure was just too much led by the United States the United Nations pressured the United Kingdom it's a lot of United's and France to accept a ceasefire for temporary stoppage of war on November 6th on December 22nd the United Nations forced the United Kingdom and France to evacuate their troops and after Israeli forces withdrew in March 1957 the canal was reopened to international traffic however it was so
04:45
littered with wreckage from the conflict that it took weeks of cleanup by Egyptian and United Nations workers before larger ships could make it through the waterway the Suez Crisis had many long lasting effects Egypt came out as the winner Nasser emerged from the Suez Crisis a hero to nearly all Egyptians Israel did not win freedom to use the canal but it did regain shipping rights in the streets of Tehran which was just about as good tensions would worsen between Israel and Egypt until ultimately the two countries fought in
05:16
the six days war in 1967 Britain and France lost most of their influence in the region and found their influences World Towers weakened the Soviet Union made major gains with regards to influence in the Middle East the United States and what became known as the Eisenhower Doctrine ramped up its bribes to the Middle East in its authorization to use military force if requested by any Middle Eastern nation resist aggression the crisis furthered their role as a world superpower ultimately the Suez Crisis was another
05:47
dangerously close call if it had all gone wrong it might have been world war 3 but it didn't so we can all be thankful for that the end you

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