The Coming War on China - True Story Documentary Channel

The Coming War on China - True Story Documentary Channel

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00:08
i pity a country that would come up against us the synergy with air land and sea forces and and our ability to control the battle space and seize the high ground is devastating all countries respect the power of the united states and they respect how dominant we are in this region and we get better and better and better
00:47
tonight at 10 a rare glimpse of china's ambitious expansion in one of the world's most contested regions we report from the south china sea where the chinese are warning off anyone who comes too close to their building program we continue our look this morning on what china does not want you to see the united states says the superpower is reclaiming land in the south china sea the fact that we're dealing with the situation right now where we the us has to be much more aggressive in dealing with the chinese government cnn has learned the us navy is about to
01:18
send a destroyer there let's go to our cnn cnn got exclusive access to classified u.s surveillance flights over the islands the threat of china is becoming big news the media is beating the drums of war as the world is being primed to regard china as a new enemy china's alarming creation of entirely new territory in the south china sea is one part of a broader military push that some fear is to challenge us
01:48
dominance in the region china is building airstrips in the south china sea on disputed islands condemned by an international tribunal this is now a flash point for war between china and america what is not news is that china itself is under threat these american bases form a giant noose encircling china with missiles bombers
02:19
warships all the way from australia through the pacific to asia and beyond i mean if you were in beijing looking out you stood on the tallest building in beijing and looked out at the pacific ocean you'd see american warships you'd see guam is about to sink because there's so many missiles pointed at china you'd look up a korea and see american armaments pointing at china you'd see japan which is basically uh japan's a glove over the american
02:51
fist i think if i was chinese i'd have a little to worry about about american aggressiveness and we have china surrounded and we're doing more all the time to try and keep it surrounded and deepen that containment of china but china presents a fascinating case of a country that is independent doesn't have foreign basis on its territory growing very rapidly not as rapidly now as it did for 30 years but still the second ranking economy in the world
03:22
we have an adversary and that adversary is china and that adversary unless there is dramatic reform inside china will be our enemy someday one myth um i think really that needs to be dispelled is that somehow china is aiming to replace america and and going to run the world it's well first of all the chinese are not that stupid the west with its christian uh
03:54
roots are about converting other people into their beliefs the chinese are not about that it's just the co i'm i again i'm not degrading the western culture i'm just pointing out the inherent nature the dnas of two different cultures the chinese 2000 years ago built the great wall to keep the barbarians out not to invade them as the world's economic power moves rapidly to asia the response of the united states is to
04:26
deploy the majority of its naval forces to asia and the pacific this massive military buildup is known in washington as the pivot to asia the target is china the great power game in the 21st century is called perpetual war for america's unchallenged arms industry the annual prize is huge profits from almost 600 billion dollars of
05:02
military spending once an imaginary weapon on star wars the electromagnetic gun is now reality you're sitting here thinking about these next generation and futuristic ideas and we've got scientists who have designed these and it's coming to life [Music] and the smartest weapons need enemies as a pacific nation the united states will play a larger and long-term role in shaping this region and its future i have directed my national security
05:35
team to make our presence and mission in the asia pacific a top priority in one sense is the u.s already at war with china yes on the ground and in the air the winner of the nobel peace prize president barack obama has committed to trillions of dollars of uh to our nuclear arsenal he's committing trillions of future dollars to war and space and we need an enemy for all this money and china is the
06:06
perfect enemy the aim of this film is to break a silence the united states and china may well be on a path to war and nuclear war is no longer unthinkable in a few years china has become the world's second biggest economic power the united states is the world's biggest military power with bases and missiles and ships covering every continent every ocean china is a threat to this dominance says washington
06:42
but who is the threat this film is about shifting power and great danger it's also film about the human spirit and the rise of an extraordinary resistance among people on the front line of a coming war where the words never again have an urgent meaning for all of us this is bikini the rim of an ancient underwater volcano in the marshall islands with its necklace of 23 islands
07:21
bikini is a place of beauty and silence and menace look closely where the emerald lagoon suddenly falls into a vast black hole this is the crater of one of the greatest man-made explosions the hydrogen bomb they call bravo it vaporized an entire island and poisoned almost everything and everyone as our plane
07:53
flew low we seem to touch its deathly void the marshall islands lie in the vast pacific ocean between the united states and asia captured from the japanese in world war ii they've long been america's strategic secret it's stepping stone to asia and china people here sustain themselves for thousands of years with abundant fish breadfruit and
08:42
coconuts they were skill navigators who sail by the stars westerners might call this paradise all that changed in 1946 when the united states took over the marshall islands as a trust territory with an obligation
09:27
to protect the health and well-being of the people a nightmare began the islands were turned into a laboratory for the testing of nuclear weapons and the people into guinea pigs crossroads scene 24 take two in this propaganda film the bikini islanders are being deceived unknown to them plans were already underway to destroy their paradise forever will you ask king judah
10:06
that the united states government now wants to attempt to turn this great destructive force into something good for mankind and that these experiments here at bikini are the first step in that direction tell them that's fine everything being in god's hands it must be good [Music] 87 ships take positions three miles off bikini to suffer the shattering impact of the fifth atomic bomb
10:48
here and a martyr of warships was assembled in bikini lagoon in order to blow them to bits the decks of the 73 test ships anchored in bikini lagoon are scenes of feverish activity as scientists plot experimental programs designed to furnish data on blast effects of the mighty atom bomb animals of many animals were strapped to their decks like a perverse noah's arm
11:24
the experiment was to see how they died [Music] special ointments are applied to determine their protective qualities other parts of the exposed areas being left fair to the atom blast you yellow being on bikini today is disturbing ghosts i struggle through the jungle to the bunker where they press the button at 6 45 on the morning
13:21
of the h-bomb test now claimed by the undergrowth it's like a subterranean temple to modern times they drank milk made powdered milk smoked lucky strike cigarettes and later this sign was erected that's beyond irony it says please leave this property as you find it thank you for your kindness and understanding
14:01
[Music] the mumsels give their all for their art and you can just bet that audience is giving with the wolf calls the bikini named after the atomic explosion in the pacific the bikini was an explosion everywhere in 1946 the bikini swim soup was launched to celebrate the nuclear explosions that had destroyed life on bikini island the inventor of the bikini a frenchman
14:34
made his fortune today a bikini body is promoted in magazines as an object of desire and good health the bodies of the people of bikini and other islands are the most irradiated in the world all these women have had thyroid cancer today bikini is unfit for human life radiation poisons the food and water our shoes registered unsafe on a geiger
15:42
counter the abandoned cemetery looks out to where the sun rose one morning then rose again as apocalypse the equivalent of one hiroshima bomb was exploded in these islands every day for 12 years a scarred beauty has returned to the island but the people haven't exiled to barren islands many of them
16:16
starved in 1968 president lyndon johnson told them it was safe to go home but it wasn't safe and the us authorities knew it wasn't safe what happened as a result of the bravo test was that a cover-up was launched very shortly after march 1. i mean there's such a history of wrong information outright lies deception there was no
17:14
no attempt to take the most conservative approach and make sure that everybody was okay they knew where the radioactive fallout was going to go and they took that risk and went ahead and detonated the bomb knowing full well which way it's gonna go uh they still had an opportunity to uh evacuate even on the day of the shot but these people were not evacuated we were not evacuated and the people on utrecht were not affected so that only leads one one up uh
17:46
want to believe that uh number one the united states needed some guinea pigs to study what the uh the effects of radiation would do and uh that's a pretty strong indication that the united states you there it seems extraordinary here we are this far into the 21st century talking to people still frightened of all that nuclear fallout all those tests all those years ago the impression i get is that there's so little trust among people the us is
18:18
trying to provide as much information as much good information as we can and so i wouldn't accept the characterization that that there have been lies and and cover-ups the word guinea pigs comes up a lot from these survivors i would i would refer you to our embassy website on that i've read it and that that question was looked at during the clinton administration and that was not the conclusion they came to the secret of the marshall islands is project
18:50
4.1 declassified documents reveal a scientific program that began as a study of mice and became a study of human beings exposed to radiation chicago is where it all began and to the aec argonne labs in chicago last week came seven men natives of the marshall islands lebanon is from utrecht he and the rest were irradiated by our march 1954 hydrogen bomb test john is mayor of rangola which is 100
19:24
miles from bikini john as we said is a savage but a happy amenable savage his grandfather ran almost naked on his coral atoll the white man brought money and religion and the market for his copra john reads knows about god and is a pretty good mayor the iron room is a radiation detector for human beings inside john the mayor whose first visit to the white man's country meant san francisco cable cars
19:54
and chicago skyscrapers and streamlined trains whose first visit to the white man's country meant the iron room a savage governs his life by ritual and he understands this because he thinks of it as a new ritual sitting alone inside the room outside a strange kind of priest in a long white coat when the ritual of the iron room was over for john it began for the others as each finished he was told it was over and he was given apples and other good things to eat then he
20:28
took off the ritual clothing and the seven men put on the suits and top coats they had been lent in hawaii which they would return in hawaii on their way back in the marshall islands in the middle of the pacific ocean united states government documents clearly demonstrate that its scientists conducted human radiation experiments with marshally citizens some of our people were injected with or coerced to drink fluids laced with radiation
20:58
other experimentation involved the purposeful and premature resettlement of people on islands highly contaminated by weapons tests to study how human beings absorb radiation from their foods and environment [Music] these people are guinea pigs they are part of the experiment project 4.1 they are being returned to wronglab an island a hundred miles from bikini by the us
21:33
navy they were told repeatedly it was safe to go home this happy couple believed they were going home to safety the man is john and jane the mayor of wronglap the happy savage from the iron room in chicago his wife is mature and this is their baby son lekog they had no idea of the horror that lay ahead they are being returned to an island
22:08
described by a u.s atomic energy official as by far the most contaminated place on earth he added it will be interesting to get a measure of human uptake when people live in a contaminated environment the people of wronger lab remained on their poison island for 28 years as guinea pigs the objects of regular scientific
22:44
[Applause] examinations is the foreign pleaded with the us authorities to move them to safety as evidence emerged that the second generation the children were also poisoned desperate to leave the island has called on greenpeace to rescue this ship the rainbow warrior moved the entire population to an
24:01
uncontaminated island they called it operation exodus um i am this is dr robert connor a leading medical scientist
24:51
of brookhaven national laboratories connard devoted his distinguished career to examining the islanders he wrote the habitation of these people on the island will afford the most valuable ecological radiation data on human beings the various radio isotopes present can be traced from the soil to the food chain and into human beings
25:29
dr conard gained the trust of whole communities when he brought the islanders to new york to be examined he showed them the sights and had them over for a barbecue when john andre and son lekkage died aged 18 dr conard sent the man they called a savage a sympathy card from your friend bob in 1957 madura and anjan was the smiling young woman seen here on
26:13
her way back to wronglap unaware of the danger she and her family faced [Music] this is madura 28 years later grieving the death of her son lekaj from radiation poisoning two million foreign know me like her son and her husband madura died from a virulent cancer
28:08
i don't see any great clinics that have been established by if not the department of energy certainly not by the us government there's a clinic downtown in madro uh there's also a whole whole body counter you can have the plutonium in your body measured as well anyone can for free this is the plutonium measuring shop where they'll tell you how radioactive you are people waiting to be tested are welcome
28:40
with a video showing their islands being blown up [Music] and this reassuring commentary italian bill jackson program manager of the department of energy dewey marshall islands program this is rinok a refugee from the poisoned island of rongolap whose family owned land and
29:19
lived a secure prosperous life now she lives in a shack in the capital maduro with her children and grandchildren she has no water no sanitation she has electricity in 1986 the united states granted limited independence to the marshall islanders
30:09
on condition that they accepted a mere 150 million dollars compensation for the damage caused by nuclear testing a claims tribunal was set up and soon ran out of money an appeal to the u.s congress more than a decade ago still awaits a reply [Music] darlene kaju johnson was a young health worker who became the champion of her people
30:58
after she discovered the full extent of their suffering caused by nuclear testing that many more islands were poisoned than the americans claimed this remarkable speech in 1983 broke the silence i bring greetings from the marshall islands and throughout micronesia we have hundreds of women who have miscarriages we have leukemia cancers we have thyroid
31:29
cancers we have still birds babies we have nowadays i just come back from home and i have talked to many women and men in the population is that we have babies we call jellyfish babies a baby is born on a labor table and it moves up and down like this it's a colorful ugly thing it's not shaped like a human being it moves up and downs like this on a labor table because that thing is breathing that is
31:59
a baby in 1982 darlene married gift johnson the author of this tribute to his wife darlene was one of the liveliest most entertaining individuals that i have ever had the pleasure of knowing she was a voice for the voiceless like so many martial islanders
32:31
darlene died of cancer age 45 this is the largest of the islands kwajalein occupied by one of america's most important and secretive bases known as the ronald reagan test site it's a missile launch pad that commands the pacific ocean all the way to asia and china
33:10
here the people of the marshall islands are once again being subjected to the testing of weapons of mass destruction designed for a coming wall the base is part of a remarkable plan known as vision 2020 devised in the 1990s its aim is described officially as full spectrum dominance this means control of all land sea
33:43
air cyber space and space five four three two one ignition from california almost 5 000 miles away the us air force tests its intercontinental missiles by firing them at the marshall islands imagine a missile coming screaming out of the sky it's absolutely terrifying there i think that there's there's really nothing that that i can imagine that that would
34:20
be more terrifying than this and and we're talking about uh devices that any one of them could go off course none of this disturbs life on the base where small town america has been recreated a wonderland of the suburban good life fabulous but there's nothing better than living on a tropical island
34:52
i pretty much have beachfront property you know it's great i love it here just across the bay is ebay island known as the slum of the pacific more than 12 000 people live here on a strip of land less than a mile long many of them refugees from what is now the missile base and from islands poisoned by nuclear
35:28
testing every day people from ebay are brought to work on the missile base to water the gardens and the golf course then they are ferried back to their poverty this is apartheid in the pacific if i needs a lot of things medicine getting medicine education and job vegetable and fruits vegetable and fruits yes here we are
36:26
it's a tropical island and you need vegetable and fruit yes fish vegetables and fruit were once abundant on ebay today fish is contaminated by toxic pollutants said the environmental protection agency now the only food most people can afford is processed and imported they have the highest rate of diabetes in the world [Music]
37:04
when someone gets really ill do they go to the hospital over on the base because they've got a pretty modern clinic over there they don't treat treat them with medicine they just go there for taking the blood and then x-ray so what happens when somebody is seriously ill they cannot do anything the most consistent example given is the example of the ronald reagan
37:37
missile site and ebuy next to it on the ronald reagan missile site there's a vivid example of the united states golf courses and swimming pools and all kinds of amenities right next to it is what is called the slum of the pacific it's a it's a challenge ebay uh is in great need right now we've talked about infrastructure one of the projects the u.s is working
38:07
with our australian colleagues and with the asia development bank is a sewer and water project desperately needed for ebuy ebuy is overcrowded the schools need repair actually the u.s military did a survey back in the 70s and found that the sewers didn't work and the water didn't run and the electricity wasn't there it only happened not all that long ago they found almost exactly the same thing why why hasn't that been fixed there's complete agreement that ebuy should be a priority and not only because of
38:37
the the current activities of the ronald reagan space and missile defense side but there's also now an additional uh component that is providing for global security and that's the space fence project by the air force every missile fired on the marshall islands by the u.s military costs 100 million dollars each this derelict school bus is the only one on ebuy
39:07
they can't afford to replace it the base is not good for us the people of marshall islands we have no need for it it's being used to test missiles to fire at countries like china yes and anywhere else if they want to what would you like to see happen there i want our land back this is shanghai the historic port on the yangtze river
40:08
china's greatest city i had arranged to meet the american author james bradley whose latest best-selling book the china mirage reveals an extraordinary hidden history of american power and modern china it was almost illegal for someone like me to know a chinese for almost all of american history the chinese came to america to mine gold and build the railroads and americans decided we didn't like the competition so in 1882
40:42
we had the chinese exclusion acts which kept the chinese out of the united states for about a hundred years so you have the largest population in the world that can't come to the united states so at just the point we're putting up the statue of liberty saying we welcome everybody we were erecting a wall saying we welcome everybody except those chinese fear of a rising china today is the latest chapter in a history of propaganda
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that presented the chinese as uncouth and infantile to western popular and political culture the chinese became the yellow peril and racial stereotypes for the constant theme of fear and threat boris karla as the evil foolman chew his passion for power twisting his brilliant mind
41:48
as he revels in the horrors of human sacrifice and tortured behind the mask of full men chew this character of an entire people concealed another agenda opium for the american elite in the 19th century china was a gold mine of drugs [Music]
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warren delano the grandfather of franklin delano roosevelt was the american opium king of china he was the biggest american opium dealer second to the british he welcomed the first american ship into china to help out with the opium wars much of the east coast of america colombia harvard yale princeton were born from opium money the american industrial revolution was funded by
42:55
huge pools of money where did this come from it came from illegal drugs in the biggest market in the world china let me get this right the grandfather of arguably the most liberal president franklin delano roosevelt was a drug runner yes sir franklin delano roosevelt never made much money in his life he had public service jobs that were very lowly paid but he had yachts he had summer homes he had mansions in new york city
43:25
the kids went to private schools he inherited a fortune from warren delano his father who was the american opium king of china if you scratch anyone with the name forbes in in their name john uh forbes carey secretary of state john forbes carey that's the president's secretary of state yes sir you'll find opium money his great grandfather was an opium dealer how big was opium money opium money built the first industrial city in the united states lowell
43:56
massachusetts it built the first five railroads in the united states opium money all over the east coast but it wasn't talked about it was called the china trade and if you go to various museums you can see teas and silks uh exhibited and they keep quiet about all that big opium money in the scramble to get opium money china was invaded and colonized by britain and the other imperial powers
44:29
foreign armies grabbed pulse waves of china this is the american army in tiananmen square p king in 1900 great cities like shanghai were taken over and declared concessions and foreigners lived a life of privilege and luxury amidst terrible poverty imposed on the [Music] chinese a resistance known as the boxer
45:08
rebellion was put down with the savagery this rape of china set the tone for how china was perceived in the west well into the 20th century this is the distinguished historian theodore h white an adviser to the white house speaking in the 1960s perhaps china is too vast to be governed by mercy yet if chinese mind craves order
45:42
they must be brought to recognize they are the biggest factor in the world's disorder and we must untangle the madness of their mind the most difficult task in the world is to reach the minds of men who hate you what white was really complaining about was the loss of a china that the imperial west could dominate and the defeat of general chiang kai-shek with his famously powerful christian
46:16
wife meling sung guarded america's interests in china that is until they were thrown out in 1949 by a communist revolution led by mao zedong mao had beaten chiang kai-shek three times in huge battles involving millions of combatants mao was a winner in this contest from the early 1930s on but we knew very little about it and
46:45
people don't understand that even today shanghai hears the message clearly as foreign businessmen board up their shops go now go quickly for communism marches take what you can but flee in haste the western powers evacuate the city they have built for good and bad alike must leave the businessman come for profit as well as missionaries come to heal must say goodbye as out the yangtze steams the last of western influence
47:19
and farewell to a century even today it's difficult to understand the paranoia ignited by mao's revolution as we look at china on the map we can see that china is the basic cause of all of our troubles in asia i believe that for the sake of our safety it is necessary to be prepared for the possibility of a chinese missile
47:57
attack from the united states one of the myths about mao is that he was an implacable enemy of the capitalist west shanghai today is a prosperous international city still run by the communists at least in [Music] may when i was last in china more than a generation ago the loudest noise was the tinkling of
48:43
bicycle bells now just died the streets were dark the universities were closed the chaos of the cultural revolution had given way to a great silence where exhausted was the freest comment i heard coming back the change is barely comprehensible here in shanghai the freedom bears no comparison yes there are issues with human rights especially the right to speak against the state
49:14
and challenge its power since i was last here millions of people have been lifted out of poverty many of them into an entirely new middle class this epic is still barely understood in the west or should that be willfully misunderstood the truth is that china has matched america at its own great game of capitalism and that is unforgivable one measure of china's new capitalism
49:49
is the ouran rich list this league table of china's mega rich is published by rupert hughenworth an old datonian whose chinese name is huron he's received many awards including china's man of the year this year 2015 it's probably been the most extraordinary year of wealth creation in the history of china again you know in i've been doing this list for 15 16 years i've never seen a year like 2015. you
50:23
know normally for 200 million pounds or 300 million dollars we find say about 800 000 people this year 2015 it's it's doubled there'll be more dollar billionaires known about in china than in the us so the us up until now has been the leader in terms of business you know the most successful business tycoons in the world china 2015 will have overtaken the us so
50:52
amazing modern china is full of telling ironies not least this museum that was once the house where mao and his comrades secretly founded the communist party of china in 1921 today it stands in the heart of an exclusive
51:29
very capitalist shopping district when you leave the shrine to china's great revolution you're confronted by a surreal spectacle for right outside where the chinese communist party was born are the very symbols of capitalism starbucks apple cartier dolce cabana and down there perhaps the free market's greatest triumph bottled water that ensures you live young costing six pounds for a small bottle in
52:08
my hotel would male spin in his tomb if he was here i'm not so sure hidden history is always a key to the truth five years before his great communist revolution in 1949 mao sent this secret message to washington china must industrialize wrote mao this can only be done by free enterprise chinese and american interests fit together economically and politically america
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need not fear that we will not be cooperative we cannot risk crossing america we cannot risk any conflict now receive no reply nothing has changed was looking to be a friend with the united states from the beginning mao says i will go meet franklin roosevelt in the white house mao reaches out in 1950 to harry truman
53:11
he reaches out to dwight eisenhower his hand was tossed away this opportunity that might have changed history prevented wars save countless lives was lost because the truth of mao's overtures was denied in the washington of the 1950s state department officials who had carried mao's messages were condemned unjustly as communist traitors everybody who knew mao who spoke chinese
53:50
was gone in the 1950s the state department had no employees who spoke chinese it's resulted in us not having relations with the number one most populous country in the world in 1979 this man denzel ping became china's paramount leader he said socialism does not mean shared poverty this was code for the most radical reform
54:25
since mao's revolution the return of capitalism to china but this time control by the communist party to be rich is glorious dane was reported as saying america was now threatened by the emergence of a vast image of itself this is one of the many very exclusive gated communities in shanghai
55:02
where an apartment is one of the prizes of the new communism i had arranged to see professor zhang wei wei a close aide to the late deng xao ping the man who changed china dung is really extremely long-term visionary leader with exceeding long-term strategic vision for his country for his people that china is still following that path
55:39
yeah actually this is really a tradition from china's long history you look at even like mao you know he said we should you know surpass uk by which year we should supply the united states by which he so this tradition continues to this day xi jinping today is also doing the same actually what many chinese have problems with western media is these stereotypes about china if you are you are content with stereotypes
56:10
you miss so many things you know if bbc broadcast something they are happy to always mention this communist dictatorship this autocracy no actually with this kind of label you know you cannot understand this china as it is but if you watch bbc or cnn or read economists and try to understand china it will be a failure it's impossible multiple parties fight for political power and everyone
56:41
voting on them as the only path to salvation to the long suffering necessarily educated in america and typical of a new confident outspoken chinese political china there are a lot of problems but at the moment the chinese the party state has proven an extraordinary ability to change i mean i make the joke how in america you can change political parties but you
57:15
can't change policies in china you cannot change the party but you can change policies so in the 65 or 66 years china is being run by one single party yet the the political changes that have taken place in china in this past 66 years have been wider and broader and greater than probably any other major country in modern memory so in that time china ceased to be communist is that what you're saying
57:46
well china is a market economy and it's a vibrant market economy but it is not a capitalist country here's why there's no way a group of billionaires could control the politburo as billionaires control american policy making so in china you have a vibrant market economy but capital does not rise above political authority capital is not does not have enshrined
58:19
rights in america capital the interest of capital and capital itself has risen above the na the american nation the political authority cannot check the power of capital and that's why america is a capitalist country but china is not this is the ironic title of a best-selling book by zhang leisure a journalist and critic who lives in beijing many americans imagine that the chinese people live a
58:54
miserable repressed life with no freedom whatsoever that's not quite true if you speak to many ordinary chinese people they will tell you they feel their life are quite free some 500 million people being lifted out of poverty and some always say probably 600 million people that's a great achievement for many americans the yellow peril has never left them i think the there's the fear about china
59:26
of course there's a fear of china's rapid rise but it also has a lot to do with china's the label as a communist and state china's objectives are modest compare with their weight they're not trying to run the world they're not even trying to run asia pacific i think they want to keep america from dominating the asia pacific so they have
59:58
what they believe is their rightful place in asia pacific because of civilization long history and their size so their objectives are really modest compared with their capacity the the wealth the new wealth in china they often say this is this is the product of self-made entrepreneurial skill but is it not also the product of the exploitation of people at the bottom what are known in china as migrants but they're not really
01:00:30
migrants they're chinese if you really you know go to talk to these migrant workers you will find quite surprisingly over the past five to seven years they have experienced a greater income increase than any other social groups china not a class society but china is a class society these are the homes of migrant workers
01:01:06
people who build and service the new china here it's not uncommon for three families to share one tiny flat you know you would associate a socialist country with equal with equality but unfortunately since the reform has started china has become one of the most unequal society in the world the income gap is widening government i feel have retreated some of the responsibilities left the markets to take over but the
01:01:48
market does not always treat women kindly some private companies they would just refuse to hire child bearing age women and sometimes when women become pregnant they will sack them because they don't want to pay the motility leave and in fact the income gap has grown much bigger between men and women your old boss tongs her ping presided over the bloodshed in tiernan square
01:02:18
what would you say to the survivors of tiananmen square because so many of those did fight for what they saw as democratic change in china in 1989 there were two political forces one was those represented by the chinese students their hero was mihai gorbachev who happened to be in beijing their slogan was
01:02:51
soviet unions today china's tomorrow so the idea was political reform first other reform second otherwise china would be hopeless yeah and ben's message was opposite he saw gorbachev was the idiot yeah he thought you know china must have economic reform first as a reform second this priority must be set clearly unfortunately at that particular moment in 1989 the two political forces
01:03:23
could not reach a compromise so definitely a tragedy occurred yeah it was more than a tragedy it was a massacre of which the memory remains a raw presence in modern china why does the chinese state still fear the few the few who speak out and i'm thinking of leo exactly i mean you know the man won the nobel priest
01:03:56
prize and and he's in prison he's violating chinese law you know by big march so actually the freedom of expression similar views are aired by many people but he's really going to the extreme liu xiaobo challenged the government to implement democratic reforms and has spent a total of 13 years in prison why can't a confident china accept a
01:04:30
criticism like this so nobody peace committee makes huge mistake they owe the chinese an explanation if you cross the line cross your violent constitution divide so many laws you should be punished and yet in china today the spirit of protest and dissent lives on in different forms in 2015 strikes and community protests and activism reached record levels this resistance is seldom reported in
01:05:10
the west so there are lots of protests in china uh typically for example land being grabbed by officials to for commercial development and the farmers are not being compensated properly but the farmers now know more aware of their rights to the protest or young workers from the factory they demand a better wage or better better working condition but many of the protests they are economic driven not political driven
01:05:41
they are regional not nationwide so these kind of things will unlikely develop into real movement or so-called you call that revolution so the maos revolution was the last revolution what never said never the japanese island of okinawa is occupied by 32 military installations
01:06:19
from here the united states has attacked korea vietnam cambodia afghanistan iraq the sky is full of planes and helicopters wherever people go they are fenced in and told to keep out okinawa is the front line of a beckoning war with china aged 87 fumiko shimabukuro
01:07:08
is one of the leaders of a non-violent resistance that's challenging washington's pivot to [Applause] asia [Applause] oh foreign a quarter of the civilians on the island were killed in the american invasion in 1945 and a fear of war
01:08:27
has been passed through the generations [Music] today those who witness these horrors live in a place of extraordinary beauty surrounded by coral reefs and a unique marine life [Music] it was here in honoko bay that the survivors of world war ii sought refuge and it's this
01:09:11
they're now fighting to save it's an epic struggle that pits these island people against the greatest military power on earth this is the office of a former governor of okinawa otto what he has done is create not so much a museum but an appeal to the outside world to understand the resistance in okinawa to understand the suffering to read its
01:09:51
hidden history it begins in 1945 when the americans invaded here is general macarthur arriving in okinawa a second invasion happened ten years later in what became known as the bulldozers and bayonets campaign american forces seized prime agricultural land burn farm houses and kill livestock the dispossessed people of okinawa marched the length of japan
01:10:24
appealing for help this wall is devoted to a resistance in okinawa that never ceases everywhere people go on the island they are confronted by this sign it tells them they must not go past this fence top with barbed wire these fences run like great ribbons across the island and the bases themselves cut sways across okinawa but all around them are people with this continuing
01:10:57
demonstration this continuing resistance and they have a message it's people of the world watch what japan and the us are doing don't let them force the bases on [Music] all this will be lost when much of the bay becomes concrete runways for bombers at camp schwab the huge u.s marine base behind this fence
01:12:24
in 2014 okinawa elected a new governor takishi onaka who won by a landslide on one issue stopping the new base at honoka this was election night outside the american base at camp schwab uh yes um foreign
01:13:44
we the new year's celebration of their victory was bittersweet the government in tokyo presented this unprecedented challenge to its authority the issue is now in the japanese courts japan's prime minister shinzo abe has also made clear that with the backing of his powerful patron america he wants to reawaken japanese nationalism
01:14:25
and reclaim its military power while we were filming this ceremony outside the base on a day when people paid respect to their departed loved ones giant american helicopters circled above us intimidating the threat of these low-flying aircraft is a constant presence in okinawa teachers often can't teach because of the noise and the fear
01:15:24
[Music] this was the carnage when an american fighter crashed into a primary school after the pilot had ejected the safety haru akira 87 was terribly burned foreign akira suffered throughout his youth and died from his injuries age 21 another tragedy waits to happen on okinawa us military aircraft have been involved
01:17:15
in 44 accidents on the island the latest threat is this hybrid plane the osprey notorious for its safety issues hey high five wherever the military is based in asia there is a relationship with local people especially women that often breeds resentment in okinawa this resentment ignited a
01:18:06
riot in 1970 scores of american gis were pulled from their cars which were set alight for washington and its compliant ally in tokyo it's this kind of insurrection that they fear [Music] during the making of this film a young woman was raped and murdered allegedly by an american military contractor from one of the bases [Music]
01:18:44
[Applause] it was the latest of thousands of cases of violence and it brought massive crowds into the streets demanding an end to the military occupation of their country this is a mace missile designed to carry a nuclear warhead during the cold war the united states secretly installed nuclear weapons at this launch pad in okinawa
01:19:23
most of them were aimed at china today the nuclear missile site is run by a buddhist organization the soka gakkai as a peace museum in 1962 the atomic weapons arrow on the missile was almost launched the room was launched yeah according to the spokesman of this military base said they were ordered to prepare
01:20:01
then received second order to stop it one of the american servicemen whose job was to fire the mace missiles has since revealed that china was a nuclear target during the cuban missile crisis in 1962 we were told that we had to launch all the missiles but we only had one missile headed towards russia and we did not see why we should have to involve the other countries the captain suggested that
01:20:34
everybody crack the doors open so it would take less time to launch the missile if the doors were cracked open one of the launch crews was on the point of firing their missiles when a duty officer suspected the order was false the owner's office on the b side was told to send two men over there was 45's and to shoot anybody that tried to launch
01:21:04
until the situation was dissolved and it would only take like 15 20 seconds to run the distance between the two command centers so those two men kept that whole crew at bay while we made a decision as what to do and it wasn't very long maybe two or three seconds later where a very nervous major came over the intercom uh issuing the stand down order and then we just kind of looked at each other
01:21:40
like we could have exterminated the whole planet the major who had given the launch order was quietly court-martialed and dismissed from the air force that morning is just as familiar to me and as clear as yesterday morning is and this is 53 years later and how clear blue the sky was and it was just some very light clouds and there was a perfect breeze blowing at the perfect temperature i did not know what the
01:22:15
temperature was but it just felt perfect and we were all just kind of taking it in and taking in the smell of the air and the sea and the land mixture together and everything smells so beautiful this is very interesting because it shows the cities in china where these mace missiles were aimed at yes which which ones do we have here this okinawa island
01:22:46
so uh within 2 000 kilometers you find peking of beijing xi'an uk and hong kong shanghai taiwan taipei and pyongyang north korea within the range of missiles
01:23:31
[Music] this is the work of the okinawan sculptor kinjo manuru it's a tribute to the suffering and resistance of the people of this island [Music] more than a thousand miles away on the korean island of jeju these symbols of struggle are hauntingly similar the work of korean sculptor ko gilchen represents another fight of
01:24:37
island people for freedom a semi-tropical sanctuary of unusual beauty jeju island is a world heritage site the government of south korea declared it an island of world peace but on this island of peace has been built one of the most provocative military bases in the world
01:25:17
less than 400 miles from shanghai like okinawa and the marshall islands this is america's front line in its so-called pivot to asia here in once unspoiled ganjung village the south korean navy has built a base for american aircraft carriers nuclear submarines and destroyers equipped with the aegis ballistic missile
01:25:53
aimed at china's defenses china's lifelines to the world in oil trade resources depend on shipping that comes through choke points like this the u.s pivot into the asia pacific is really intended to create the ability to put a loaded gun to the head of china and say you know you will do as we say otherwise we will be able to restrict we will be able to shut down choke off your importation of
01:26:27
oil and other resources for nine years every day often twice a day these catholic priests have staged a mass that blocks the gates of the new military base on jeju island in a country where political demonstrations can be easily banned unlike powerful religions the tactic has
01:27:17
produced this spectacle of resistance built and several times suffered serious injury oh i sing four songs every day before mass
01:28:17
beyond the mass at the end of the match and the end of the rosary yeah the the content of song is very beautiful the the writer and the composer is the musician from this island so i love him very much and he gave me the song if i practice and i became a master to sing that song because i practice everything differently you
01:28:47
sing it with such compassion do you sing then do you have a mask when the typhoons try oh yes during this no exception what will happen if this base becomes operational they have destroyed the environment to destroy the life of villages no we should be witness of that oppression and the violence you know why do they do it well they'd like rule the pacific very holy area
01:29:35
right they'd like to make china isolated in this group it means u.s government want to be emperor of this world meanwhile a quaker call mr o joins them with his own ritual of protest accompanied by an artist called wildflower foreign this is the center of an empire that never speaks its name whose power is represented in this extraordinary world map
01:31:55
of american military bases four thousand bases in the united states almost a thousand bases spread across every continent the archipelago of empire the bases that we have around the world hidden in plain sight are the the real territory of our empire but at the same time we maintain independent governments in japan or south korea or germany uh they don't have autonomy when it comes to foreign policy so it's a very
01:32:35
sophisticated and effective system where whereby we pat ourselves on the back for uh helping to midwife democracy and japan and germany and south korea and various other places while keeping the lid on uh in that we don't know what these countries would do if they were fully independent and and the beauty of this system is that most people pay no attention to it at all they think it's just a natural occurrence to have 50 000 american troops in in japan there's no country that has better
01:33:07
anti-imperial credit uh cred than the united states and we are not trying to recreate the glories of the uh the british empire we're arguing that the world is round we have a global policy and all nations have global rights no ocean has ever been dominated the way the us dominates the pacific navy and air force uh they claim that
01:33:37
in the pearl harbor headquarters of the pacific command they claim to be responsible for 52 percent of the earth surface and when you look at their logo it shows an eagle over the aleutian islands with one tail on coming down somewhere near seattle and the other coming down right over beijing so beijing looks at a network of bases a real archipelago of empire that's been built up since the korean
01:34:09
war you have had and still have an arc of of bases that start in australia and go through the pacific we have no bases in australia you have pine gap you have darwin and you have a new facility in western australia no uh to speak precisely we have no military bases in australia what we do is uh operate with and in australian bases yeah but we're not in the basing
01:34:40
business nowadays there's a growing collection of what are referred to as lily pad bases these are bases that have typically two 300 troops no family members very few amenities and are often quite secretive they're bases that are frequently constructed within a foreign country's base to disguise it and generally are not referred to as bases many of these bases have been set up to
01:35:13
combat china's worldwide economic influence from these bases the united states operates a secret army in 147 countries if you're going to be a free country rather than give in to every gangster regime in the world you're going to have to take a risk because those gangsters they want to they they want to eliminate good people in the world so they can uh and in china they want to dominate all of all of the far east they want to dominate just like japan
01:35:47
wanted to before world war ii their goal was to dominate that part of the world today because there has been no political reform in beijing these guys want to dominate a huge chunk of the planet twilight struggle andrew kopenovich served on america's national defense panel he's a military strategist and war planner you've written that air strikes and naval blockades have a a role to play in punishing china
01:36:18
you've described the need for sea mines you've described the need for special forces u.s special forces and missiles placed in islands this sounds like a preparation for war our first president george washington said if you want peace prepare for war and essentially what the united states is doing again is responding to provocative behavior on the part of china and just as we did
01:36:49
in the cold war the idea was to have a position of military strength such that your adversaries were not tempted to act in aggressive ways or try and employ coercion to get their way i mean just last week the u.s navy sent a guided missile destroyer into the spratley islands the south china sea and what was different about this i think was that chinese fighters scrambled
01:37:20
that sounds like an escalator well the uh again from an american perspective the the escalation was the chinese beginning to militarize these islands in the first place moving its military capabilities down into that region engaging in provocative behavior against the commercial activities and military forces of other minor countries in the region that have claimed to those islands so it's a response to chinese intimidation uh rather excuse me how is commerce being
01:37:52
intimidated in the south china sea there have been no military forces no military bases there uh the chinese except the united states military base not in the south china sea and not even in the philippines because the united states withdrew its forces in the philippines but the united states is back in the philippines the philippines and the united states have announced five different locations scattered all throughout the philippines where u.s troops will be stationed on a rotational basis this threat to china from yet more u.s
01:38:23
bases on its doorstep was not an issue when an arbitration tribunal ruled against china's claims to the strategic spratly islands in the south china sea in 2015 the u.s navy rehearsed a blockade that would cut china's lifelines of oil and trade and raw materials the danger of confrontation grows by the day the u.s navy is on the doorstep of china
01:38:58
regardless of disputed islands and is there with low draft ships planes battle groups it's right on the doorstep what if chinese ships what if the equivalent was off california well john we ask ourselves that question regularly and it's it's important to put yourself in the other guy's shoes yeah uh so look we don't operate in the pacific
01:39:30
in an effort to scare china to contain china to back foot china our operations uh and our presence first of all is warmly welcomed by the vast majority of the coastal states but secondly is fully accepted by the chinese time after time excuse me is it fully accepted yes my impression by their by their words the impression is that they're scared and this is what they're scared of a
01:40:04
noose of bases right around china missiles bombers drones warships a provocation of war today i state clearly and with conviction america's commitment to seek the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons under obama nuclear warhead spending has risen
01:40:39
higher than under any president since the end of the cold war it's all a magician's show because at the same time that obama is talking about that not only is he spending a trillion dollars to modernize u.s nuclear forces but he's deploying these missile defense systems to encircle russia and china which makes it impossible to get rid of nuclear weapons in that climate everybody wants to look like they're tough see i got to be tough i got to show you
01:41:10
you know i'm not afraid of doing anything military i'm not afraid of threatening i'm you know i'm a hairy chested gorilla and you know and you don't want to look like you're weak so what you do is you talk more and more aggressively and uh and you let and if you don't want to do it yourself because you maybe think it doesn't look very presidential you let somebody under you do the talking and we have gotten into a state the united states has gotten into a situation
01:41:40
where there's a lot of military you know saber rattling and it's really being orchestrated from the top yeah this seems incredibly dangerous all of this that's an understatement i think but i agree when you routinely plan for mass murder you become conditioned to it that's what this is we accept it oh yeah we have nuclear weapons the defense secretary he's just announced that there will be warships
01:42:11
and special forces and planes sent to the philippines and the wall street journal has described this as the vanguard of a major u.s presence in southeast asia that sounds like where does this end what is it what's the purpose i mean where are we going to stop this process before it starts a war and then if the war starts where does that end
01:42:54
oh is the scientific studies that i teach by the scientists that predict that the earth can be made essentially uninhabitable from nuclear war the scientists have been begging the obama well they wouldn't say begging but they've made multiple requests to meet with them discuss these predictions because they're peer-reviewed studies and they've been turned down over and over again they've been peripherally told that well we don't think the long-term environmental consequences of nuclear war are all that important if the immediate effects of nuclear war
01:43:49
don't stop it but the long-term environmental consequences of nuclear war are liable to wipe out the human race in one exchange nuclear exchange between the us and china what could be the consequences well let me just give you an example of what one chinese four or five megaton warhead would do to a city in the united states if it got through uh the detonation of that weapon over a city would instantly ignite about six or seven
01:44:19
hundred square miles on fire and within 20 to 30 minutes all of those fires would coalesce into a single gigantic firestorm there would be no escape from it so all the people there would perish so the u.s with say hundreds of nuclear weapons on chinese cities well when you combine all the smoke from these nuclear weapons detonating it actually creates millions of tons of smoke black carbon spoke will rise above cloud level into the stratosphere it's heated by the
01:44:50
sun it's acts like a solar collector and that smoke because of that will stay there for 10 years or longer and what the smoke does is blocks warming sunlight from reaching the surface of the earth and it becomes so cold in a matter of just a couple weeks that will the temperatures will fall below freezing every day for one to three years and it will become too cold to grow food crops for at least 10 years or longer i mean there's like a total disconnect with the changing world you have a giant rising power in this
01:45:33
case china why would you expect a giant rising power to not want to have more control over its destiny what we should be doing in my view is trying to cultivate a sense of friendship and cooperation and we can have our differences with them if we think they're doing something in trade that we don't like let's have it out with them but this saber rattling is the worst thing we can possibly do it is time to show the whole world that america is back bigger and better
01:46:12
and stronger than ever before we don't have victories anymore we used to have victories but we don't have them when was the last time anybody saw us beating let's say china in a trade deal they kill us we can't continue to allow china to rape our country and that's what they're doing it's the greatest theft in the history of the world
01:46:46
the new president donald trump has a problem with china the urgent question now is will trump continue with the provocations revealed in this film and take us all to the edge of war there never have been two countries more interdependent on each other than china and the us in history and china is the largest trading nation in the world and in history so china's economy and and their society
01:47:22
their lives are are are linked to the entire world including america and the west and all the other countries so so i think interdependence between these two countries and among all the nations of the world speak to peace [Music]
01:47:52
[Applause] [Music] we don't have to accept the word of those who conjure up threats and false enemies that justify the business and profit of war if we recognize there is another superpower
01:48:23
and that's us ordinary people everywhere like the people of okinawa jeju island the marshall islands china the united states by speaking out they deliver a warning to all of us can we really afford to be silent we meet again don't know where don't know when but i know
01:49:07
we'll meet again some sunny days keep smiling through just like you always do till the blue skies drive the dark clouds far away so will you please say hello to the folks that i know tell them i won't belong they'll be happy to know that as you
01:49:51
saw me go i was singing this song we meet again don't know when don't know when but i know we'll meet again some sunny days
01:50:36
on [Music] just like you always so will you please [Music] is [Music] [Music] you

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