Subtitles prepared by human
Mosfilm Studios OCTOBER This film was made in 1927 by masters of the nascent Soviet cinema, headed by Sergei Eisenstein, for the 10th anniversary of the Soviet Republic. The events of 1917 were restored with the best possible precision. The camera depicted many participants of the Revolution: workers, Red Guards warriors, soldiers and sailors including Nikolai Podvoisky, one of the leaders of the armed rebellion. At the time of filming Leningrad, with its streets and buildings, halls of the Winter Palace, Smolny Palace, the trams, automobiles, weapons, clothes were exactly like they used to be during the historical battle for the Soviet power. Thus the film 'October’ that reached us, during the 50th anniversary, from the far past, is a true-to-life evidence of the ardent initiation of our state.
Simultaneously, it will remain, for all times, as a wonderful piece of Soviet art, a great work of the world’s best film directors. 'October’ belongs to the 'silent’ period of film-making. It was converted into a sound version by Grigory Alexandrov, Eisenstein’s associate. The film score was written by Dmitry Shostakovich. OCTOBER Sovkino Production Dedicated to the pioneering proletarians, creators of the October Revolution. Made for the October Revolution Jubilee Commission chaired by N. Podvoisky Written and Directed by S. EISENSTEIN and G. ALEXANDROV Director of Photography - E. TISSE Production Designer - V. KOVRIGIN 'We can pride ourselves 'in having started the establishment 'of the Soviet state, 'thus opening a new epoch of the world history’
V. Ulyanov (Lenin) Dedicated to the great emperor Alexander Alexandrovich of All Russia February. The first victory of proletariat on its way to socialism. To everybody! To everybody! Many years to the Provisional Government! To everybody! To everybody? Does it mean that... Brother! Brother! The provisional government will absolutely abide by its obligations before the allies. Pound... Half a pound... One fourth of a pound... One eighth of a pound... Everything as it used to be. It’s war and starvation. But... Near Finlandksy terminal on April 3th there he is, Ulyanov Lenin. Long live revolutionary workers and peasants who have overthrown the monarchy!
No support should be shown to the Provisional government! Long live the socialist revolution! Socialist, not bourgeois. Under bourgeoisie there is neither peace for us, nor bread, nor land. The days of July - the days of popular anger. Down with ministers-capitalists! Down with the provisional government! There had been unending rallies at the palace of Kshesinska. It’s an abortive rising! The enemy is plotting provocations! Show endurance and self-control! Krondshtadt sailors. In due time the Party will be here to be your leader. On the corner of Sadovaya street and Nevsky prospect. Near the den of Chernaya Sotnya press... Saving the banner... Bolshevik! The government ordered to raise the bridges, to cut off the workers’ districts from the centre. The winners tried to drown the Bolsheviks’ 'Pravda’. The counter-revolution had won. The 1st machine-gun regiment. For the solidarity with workers...
'Traitors' 'Betrayers' Bolsheviks! The Petrograd Committee of the Bolsheviks Party Dictator. Military Minister. Marine Minister Prime Minister. Et cetera. The hope of the motherland and the revolution - A. Kerensky. The tsarist lackeys. Oh, what a democrat! A democrat at the tsar’s gates. 'Traitors' 'Betrayers'. On July 6 the Provisional Government issued an order to arrest Lenin. By that time Lenin had been in clandestine already. From here he directed the 6th Party Congress planning the armed rising. In the apartments of Alexandra Fedorovna. Alexander Fedorovich. In the apartments of Alexander III - Alexander IV? An order restoring capital punishment at the front. A Bonaparte? An emperor?
The revolution in danger! General Kornilov is on the offensive. Kornilov is on the offensive! Everybody defend Petrograd! Kornilov is on the offensive! In the name of God and motherland. In the name of God. In the name of motherland. Hurrah! Hurrah! General Kornilov. Two Bonapartes. Which of the two? Kornilov is on the offensive. With his savage division. With English tanks. What about the government? The government is helpless. We shall not let the general through! Paddocks knocked off prison doors. 'Traitors' 'Betrayers' Bolsheviks. The arsenal in the hands of people. The proletariat of St. Petersburg had taken the defense process in hand. The defense headquarters.
The Smolny Palace. 'Traitors' 'Betrayers' Bolsheviks. The savage division. 158A A Bolsheviks’ leaflet 158B spoke in understandable terms 158C For bread! 158D For peace! 158E For land! 158F For fraternity! Fraternizing. General Kornilov had been arrested. 'Proletarians, learn how to handle the rifle’. Bolsheviks should seize the power. This last battle will decide everything! The battle will soon begin. October 10. The Bolsheviks’ central committee considering the agenda of the armed uprising. Trotsky demanded they should tarry. It’s either they strangle the revolution or a rising begins. Hesitation will mean death. For Lenin’s proposal. For Lenin’s proposal! 172A The Party organized the rebellion headquarters 'The Military Revolutionary Committee’ October 24 After four months of conspiracy Lenin is back in Smolny. From October 25 Lenin leads the revolution.
A communique 'To citizens of Russia’ had been printed. 'October 25, 1917, 10 a.m.’ At the bid of the revolutionary committee they came to Smolny. Gymnasium headmistress. Mensheviks Commissars To the telegraph... To the telephone offices... Stand by! The morning of October 25 had come... Summoned by the revolutionary committee, the battle cruiser 'Aurora' sailed ashore. The bridges had been raised again and workers’ districts cut off from the centre. The rebels had seized the bridges. Kronshtadt sailors are coming! The combined regiment of soldiers. The minister of military affairs speaking. Where are the Cossacks? Mounting their horses already. Neutrality. 'To citizens of Russia’. Let’s hurry to the front,
for loyal troops to crash the Bolshies. Gentlemen! The junkers coming to protect the losers. Reinforcement will come soon! Shock members of the women's battalion. Till the last drop of blood. In the pool hall of Nicholas II. Counter-revolutionary barricades. To the 2nd Congress of Soviets. Delegates coming to the congress. Mensheviks fraction in session - room 16. Social revolutionaries - room 20. ...From the front... ...From east... ...From Kronshtadt... ...From Ukraine... ...From Siberia. Provisional government powerless, but still existent. Head of the government... Members of the government... An address to people had been prepared. The constituent council is the sole master of the Russian land. Meanwhile in Smolny... Mensheviks and social revolutionaries opened the congress.
Comrades! We have one question on the agenda, and that is the question of power. The Provisional Government is the sole legitimate power. 'The Military Revolutionary committee' But people are of a different opinion. Russian capital was in the hands of revolutionary workers and soldiers. Bolsheviks had prepared a military plot against the legitimate power. Instead of bread it'll be hunger and devastation! Bolsheviks will perish! But the revolution will die too! Down with them! Down with them! Down with bourgeois henchmen! Elections to the presidium of the congress. The list of Mensheviks and social revolutionaries. They are too few... Let us vote for the list of Bolsheviks. 'The All-Russian Congress of the Soviets' All power - to the Soviets! The Winter Palace in a steel circle. 'To avoid the bloodshed we suggest that you surrender. 'We give you 20 minutes. The military revolutionary committee’.
Truce envoys. Sir? Madame? Fellow! The last ultimatum to your government. They are waiting for an answer. Still waiting. Members of the women’s battalion surrendered one by one. The time is almost over. Agitators from Smolny getting to Cossacks in Winter Palace. Through the vaults of the Hermitage. There are about 1100 halls in Winter Palace. In the main yard where the Cossacks’ battery is situated. Agitators fulfilling their mission. Officer! How did you dare to leave the post? Junker, ...your mother! ...mother! Junkers, gentlemen. We have been produced an ultimatum. We shall not give away our land to German spies. And on the next storey... Agitators were attending to their mission. What do you intend to use for taking power?
Gentlemen! Bolsheviks! The Army is not by your side. The front is not by your side either! You’re lying! You’re lying! You speak on behalf of the headquarters! The 12th Army on the side of Bolsheviks. Comrades! Comrades! The cyclists are for the Soviets, too! The Cossacks artillery have surrendered. They have betrayed us. The answer hasn’t arrived yet. No answer coming yet. The opportunists coming with their sweet 'songs’. This awkward predicament should be settled by peace. With no violence, no blood. Bolsheviks violating historical processes. There will be no peace! There will be no bread! Time of slogans is over. For peace! For bread! For land! A signal! Cannons of Petropavlovsk fortress. The Committee for saving the country and the Revolution.
To save the Provisional Government. To save the government? Look, it’s the mayor himself. We voice our categorical protest! Yes! The tsarina’s bedchamber. Yes to Kerensky! Gentlemen, let us meet them honorably. You are all arrested. In the name of the military revolutionary committee. Antonov-Ovseenko. I declare the Provisional Government downthrown. 'Comrades! The socialist revolution of workers and peasants 'the Bolsheviks had thought to be so important, has won’. Decree of peace Decree of land 'From now on in Russia we should start 'building the proletariat socialist state’ V. Ulyanov (Lenin) Translated by S. Chulkova
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