TORP Module 5: Fatigue

TORP Module 5: Fatigue

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Language: English

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00:00
you grab yourself a coffee to help keep you awake thinking that you can pull yourself together after a night of no sleep you blast the music on high to keep from falling asleep you find yourself dozing off just for a second no matter what you do you can't keep your eyes open sound familiar in this module we will cover how to stop trusting your tie itself while driving as well as some fatigue facts and statistics the early warning signs of fatigue and how to plan ahead and prevent yourself from driving
00:31
while exhausted did you know that fatigue is one of the top three reasons for fatalities drivers who have fallen asleep at the wheel impose a significant danger to those around them because they are unable to brake before impact remember fatigue related crashes can happen on any trip no matter what time of day so before you get behind the wheel try to be realistic about your level of exhaustion and understand the warning signs of being too tired to
01:01
drive he's not speeding he's not drunk he's just tired one of the three big kills on New South Wales roads don't trust your tired self how tired are you visit tester tired self calmed are you after watching the video take a moment to think has there ever been a time when you have almost fallen asleep behind the wheel research has shown that fatigue can be just as dangerous as other road safety issues such as drink driving
01:47
but unlike drink driving there are no laws regulating driver fatigue being awake for about 17 hours has a similar effect on performance as would a blood alcohol content of 0.05 the legal rate of intoxication fatigue or tiredness can happen on short or long trips often drivers are tired before they get behind the wheel there are many factors that contribute to tiredness such as work or physical and social
02:17
activity when you lack sleep your circadian rhythm creates a powerful lull in your body which is one of the main reasons driving behind the wheel while tired can be so dangerous the circadian rhythm refers to the weak sleep cycle that our body goes through each day and night the sequence involves our internal clock and controls the daily pattern of alertness in a human body a recent study suggests that the risk of driving while exhausted are the highest during your first hour behind the wheel
02:50
sleep impairment while driving affects reaction time vigilance about your surroundings cognitive functioning and a lack of short-term memory all of these symptoms increase the risks of a crash tremendously being awake for about 17 hours has a similar effect on your performance as what rate of blood alcohol content most people need about 8 hours of sleep without it we build a sleep debt the difference between the sleep you need
03:20
and the sleep you get the higher the debt the stronger the urge to fall asleep the only way to pay a sleep debt is to sleep it off making sure to get the proper amount of rest is critical body is naturally drowsy between the hours of 12:00 a.m. to 6:00 a.m. and 2 p.m. to 4 p.m. when you are tired this impairs you at response time to the typical hazards of the road such as unexpected curbs stops or other drivers
03:52
sudden moves falling asleep at the wheel if even for a second can lead to you swerving into the lane next to you a pedestrian or even a child another symptom of fatigue is sleep inertia this is a feeling of grogginess after waking while some people shake it off within a few minutes others can experience sleep inertia for much longer after they wake a microt sleep is the eventual outcome of driving while tired or fatigued the simple
04:23
description can be a short unexpected moment when you fall asleep at the wheel with your eyes closed and head nodding down during a four second micro sleep a car traveling at a hundred km/h will travel 111 meters which is more than a rugby field while completely out of the drivers control during this brief pause of sleep you could encounter a number of deadly hazards your inability to brake will be the primary factor in any crash consider - that at anytime deadly
04:56
hazards like trees embankments and other vehicles are just meters away remember that you can't brake if you are asleep the best way to avoid driving while tired is to make sure you have enough sleep before driving no matter how long or short the trip always remember that the signs of drowsy driving are heavy eyelids trouble focusing an inability to recognize the last stretch of road that you just drove your awning constantly bobbing your head and drifting from your
05:28
lane if you experience any of these symptoms always remember to find a safe place to pull over and take a nap it could save your life you may even think that you've had enough sleep but it is showing that sleeping only 5 to 6 hours a night can double your chances of being involved in a crash compared to those who sleep for 7 hours or more and the less sleep the person behind the wheel gets the higher the crash rate for instance drivers who got only four or five hours of shut-eye
05:58
had four times the crash rate close to what's seen among drunken drivers think about that you are just as likely to be involved in a fatal crash when you are driving while fatigued why is a microsleep whilst driving so dangerous a you may veer off the road B your reaction time will be impaired C you cannot break efficiently whilst asleep or D all of the above another factor that you might not realize is the
06:31
effect your medication might have on your fatigued avoid medicine that may make you drowsy and includes a warning label indicating that you should not operate vehicles or machinery during use tranquilizers sleeping pills allergy medicines and cold medicines are the top culprits for creating drowsiness Kohl pills or syrup are among the most common medicine that may make you drowsy have you ever driven after taking your allergy or cold medicine did you notice that your
07:01
driving was impaired if you experience any early warning signs pull over in a safe place and rest if possible you should always try to take a nap before you get behind the wheel when you are feeling drowsy or less alert now should be a minimum of 10 minutes but ideally a nap should last up to 45 minutes allow at least 15 minutes after waking to fully recover before starting to drive giving yourself this extra time will not
07:31
only create a safer environment to drive but will also make sure that you are alert aware and ready to react to any unforeseen hazards it has been proven time and time again that short naps are more effective than coffee at restoring your energy levels what is the ideal amount of time and that should last a 10 minutes B 20 minutes C 45 minutes or D 35 minutes
08:02
there are other ways to plan ahead before you drive to ensure you are not exhausted before you drive get a good night's sleep avoid driving at night when your body will naturally want to sleep arrange to share the driving avoid long drives after work plan to take regular breaks from driving by using rest areas you can also plan to catch a cab or public transport or ask someone
08:32
for a lift also make sure to find out if any medicine you are taking may affect your ability to drive although you may feel you have tricks up your sleeve to help prevent driver fatigue it has been proven that such behaviors such as turning up the radio drinking coffee or opening the window and not real cures for drowsiness do not give in to this false sense of security it is important to plan ahead get a good night's sleep and take regular breaks to avoid
09:02
becoming tired while driving assess how tired you are before starting your journey sleep is the only cure what is the only cure to prevent driving while drowsy a coffee be turning up the radio see opening the car window or D sleep to finish up this lesson and to reflect on what we've covered we'd like you to answer the following questions have you ever experienced a micro sleep when did
09:35
that happen was it after a big weekend a night out a work day or just a normal afternoon and you weren't expecting it have you ever had a 15 to 20 minute sleep in a rest area how did you feel after it write down your answers in the space provided before continuing with the rest of the lesson in the next lesson we will cover the dangers and consequences of mobile use while driving and why you should avoid it at all costs

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