Wild Asia. E2 (Nature Documentary) 4K

Wild Asia. E2 (Nature Documentary) 4K

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Language: English

Type: Robot

Number of phrases: 683

Number of words: 2962

Number of symbols: 14564

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00:01
[Music] lao [Music] a country of outstanding natural beauty where the mekong river winds its way through mountains cloaked in dense tropical forests [Music] it's one of the most pristine countries in southeast asia [Music]
00:33
a treasure trove of wildlife [Music] the mighty mekong river flows down through a landscape that it has sculpted over millennia [Applause] [Music] it's central to the survival of countless enigmatic and endangered creatures [Music] from magnificent gibbons
01:04
[Music] and dazzling pea fowl to marauding macaques lao is a land of kaleidoscopic beauty [Music] so [Applause] [Music] the mountain wilds of northern lao
02:00
[Music] a living paradise fed by the mekong river [Music] the mekong's vast network of tributaries carves the region into isolated pockets of pristine jungle [Music] these enclaves provide refuge for a number of critically endangered species part of the province is protected by the
02:40
bokeho nature reserve [Music] a 1230 square kilometer sanctuary established in 1997 to save a rare species from extinction the black crested gibbon with between thirteen hundred to two thousand individuals left in the wild they are one of the world's most endangered primates an elegant creature perfectly suited to
03:22
life in the high canopy sightings like this are rare a female feeds in a tree like all females she has a light coat and a distinctive black crest on her head her mate and their infant play nearby in contrast to the females male black rested gibbons are jet black the family spends each day traveling through the canopy visiting their favorite feeding trees
04:16
[Music] [Music] gibbons live in close-knit family groups this young male will stay with his parents for more than three years even after they have their next baby [Music]
05:00
it's two hours before sunset while it's still light the family heads back to the safety of its sleeping trees along the river [Music] from its source in tibet the mekong travels nearly 2 000 kilometers before it reaches the bokeho province in the far northwest of lao it flows briefly along the burmese border before continuing another 1700 kilometers down through lao following its western border with
05:43
thailand gibbons like many other creatures in the tropics live in the canopy where food and nutrients are most concentrated [Music] those that don't live in the canopy must turn to the mekong to satisfy their needs [Music] the tributaries and wetlands of the mekong basin are home to a multitude of fish eating birds a pair of pied kingfishers rests on a
06:30
branch overlooking the lake [Music] unlike most kingfishers that dive into the water from a perch the pieds have a different approach [Music] the male hovers 10 meters above the lake and locates a target kingfishers have excellent eyesight above and below the water
07:16
but they don't get it right every time he cleans his beak and rejoins his mate two black bands across his breast set him apart from the female [Music] she has a single broken band around her breast she's seen how not to do it [Music] as she hits the water bony plates slide across our eyes for protection [Music]
08:05
without hungry chicks to feed the prize is hers alone [Music] the male kingfisher better up his game true hovering like this is a specialist skill [Music] pied kingfishers are the largest birds on the planet able to do this
08:43
he beats his wings horizontally to achieve lift without thrust [Music] this time he doesn't miss may the start of the wet season in lao monsoon winds pick up moisture from the
09:36
indian ocean and head inland clouds envelop the landscape as the winds rise up over the hills and mountains of lao they empty their load over the forests along the mekong floodplain the country is transformed [Music] wetlands are replenished
10:18
insects and invertebrate numbers soar [Music] and the birds quickly follow [Music] blackwing stilts and other wading species return in their thousands to breed over the coming months [Music] these wetlands around the mekong's
10:56
tribute trees are also home to a curious looking primate [Music] stump tailed macaques also known as bear macaques they're covered in thick long dark fur their bright red faces are unmistakable
11:35
although with age and exposure to sunlight these darken to brown or black infants are born white their fur won't darken till they're around four months old [Music] like some humans both males and females become partially bald as they age [Music]
12:09
the troop has stumbled across a grove of fruit trees they find the seed pods irresistible [Music] stump-tailed macaques live in mixed groups of between five to sixty individuals they inhabit forests up and down the mekong but their numbers are in decline the troop is governed by a dominant male
13:08
[Music] keeping everyone in line is a full-time job there are a number of subordinate males in the troop most importantly he must keep these hopeful suitors away from his harem of females [Music] his attacks are necessary to reinforce the hierarchy but stump held macaques equipped to reconcile the alpha male acknowledges their
13:52
submissive behavior with a kiss with order restored he gets back to feeding along the bank of the stream the rest of the troop is more interested in the tasty seed pods their thick fur protects the adults from the rain and babies have their own living umbrellas [Music] [Applause] [Music] the yearlings aren't so fortunate
14:44
without a heavy coat or the cover of mum they shelter together under the trees [Music] as evening approaches the dominant male leads the troop back into the forest everyone quickly falls in line well nearly everyone [Music]
15:30
these jungles are dangerous at night the troops sleeping trees are hidden among these rocky outcrops they're a safe place to spend the night further down the mekong from the black crested gibbons at the volcano reserve the call of a different species of gibbon rings out across the jungle
16:11
[Music] this is the morning solo of a male law given he reminds the neighbours on both sides of the river that this is his domain there are seven types of gibbon in lao they don't swim so rivers form natural barriers between different species living in the same region unlike their black crested cousins male and female la gibbons can be either dark or light
16:52
[Music] they have distinct rings of white fur around their faces and with white gloves and socks they're also known as white-handed gibbons [Music] gibbons spend most of their lives high off the ground in the canopy no other creatures on the planet can travel through trees as effectively their wrists and shoulders can fully rotate and they have unusually long and muscular arms
17:40
[Music] with these adaptations they swing like pendulums arm to arm through the trees [Laughter] although other primates use this technique gibbons are the specialists
18:14
when a gap between trees is larger than their swing they simply leap with the help of gravity they seem to almost fly through the canopy [Music] gibbons can cruise like this for hours and barely expend any energy they are effortless in their tree top environment perhaps their most impressive skill is the way they negotiate the three-dimensional space of the canopy it's far more complicated than running
19:16
on the ground if they misjudge which branch to grab next it's a long way down a newborn clings to its mother's stomach as she clambers round the canopy from the moment they're born baby gibbons are thrown into this way of life the infant is pre-programmed not to let go with strength to match [Music]
20:14
most babies are born late in the wet season when fruit is more plentiful this neighboring female has a slightly older baby while her mate enjoys a quick lie down she takes her baby to a branch where she can supervise some climbing practice not bad for a first attempt [Music]
21:00
but like mothers the world over you can't take your eyes off your kids for a [Music] second gibbons evolved their exceptional physicality for one main reason feeding in the canopy finding a tree laden with fruit is the easy part reaching the fruit is more tricky this is where gibbons excel
22:03
their extraordinary athletic ability allows them to get themselves into all sorts of bizarre positions nothing is out of reach [Music] their hands and feet perform interchangeable tasks as they glide around the trees [Music] when a branch might not look strong enough to support them gibbons expertly redistribute their weight
22:43
and continue to feast [Music] one might falter for a moment but there's always a solution
23:23
it looks casual but these are feats of strength far beyond human capabilities [Music] this phenomenal power in their arms comes from their fused forearm muscles which work together as one but this strength comes at a cost gibbons have limited dexterity in their hands they can freely move their thumbs and little fingers but their fused forearm muscles means their three middle fingers can only move
24:06
as one it's a small price to pay for these masters of arboreal locomotion [Music] gibbons are the epitome of physical efficiency perfectly evolved to exploit their treetop habitat [Music] further down the mekong there's another resident that has evolved in almost the opposite direction [Music]
24:51
a curious bird that has sacrificed efficiency and locomotion for showmanship [Music] at dawn a male pea fowl announces his [Music] presence the peacock's elaborate plumage is a wonder of the natural world evolved to advertise his genetic prowess and attract females
25:28
[Music] p hens choose males based on the quality of their plumage the size and quantity of the iconic eye spots are paramount [Music] but this beauty is also a handicap [Music] it inhibits flight and makes it hard to
25:58
avoid predators and that's the point is a burden only the strongest males can [Music] bear when a peahen selects her mate she gets more than a collection of fabulous feathers a male with a dazzling appearance must also have the necessary strength and
26:42
fitness to survive [Music] these are the genetic qualities that he will pass on to his offspring the ancient forests that grow along the banks of the mekong are among the oldest
27:14
on earth a vast array of animals live side by side and have evolved different strategies to cope with the dangers they [Music] face the variation beautifully reveals itself with the nesting habits of the birds that live here [Music] they are united in their need to protect their nests from a host of jungle
27:58
[Music] predators [Music] [Applause] some build nests high up making them as difficult to reach as possible brightly colored sparrows fashion these basket-like nests in the canopy others rely on stealth a velvet fronted nut hatch conceals her
28:33
nest inside a hollow tree trunk she shuttles in and out with beakfuls of insects to satisfy her hungry chicks [Music] she tries not to attract the attention of a patrolling lizard nearby a freckle-breasted woodpecker's nest is in the crosshairs the lizard has caught the scent of its
29:18
chicks [Music] the female's formidable beak is enough to make it reconsider other birds evolved to nest in a completely different direction instead of going up they went down a pair of blue winged pitters collects worms for their insatiable brood [Music] they're well well-camouflaged nest sits on the forest floor in a bamboo grove
29:57
[Music] the nest conceals both the chicks and their parents bright plumage [Music] [Music] the night jar on the other hand is a master of subterfuge [Music] her silhouette and plumage blend seamlessly into the leaf litter night jars don't actually bother with a nest
30:37
they make do with the forest floor her tiny chick is almost invisible to any predator a beautifully simple approach [Music] back with the troop of stump-tailed macaques there are a number of new mouths to feed this baby was born overnight she's clean and dry ready for morning
31:30
introductions everyone wants to meet the new addition [Music] her first steps are wobbly she can barely support herself she's learning to make sense of the world around her everything is a new experience she will suckle for about a year but as soon as she finds her feet
32:31
her mother will allow her to wonder about the truth stump-tailed macaques are relaxed mothers compared to other species [Music] they're happy for their young to explore the environment while they're still very small [Music]
33:09
[Music] but like all babies they sometimes bite off more than they can chew this mother is so relaxed because other females don't kidnap babies something that often happens in similar macaque species stump tales are extremely social with a strong sense of community [Music] even a male lends a hand with child care
34:08
unusual behavior for most macaques the young infant works his way around the group building bonds with the older generation [Music] despite the attention sometimes a young macaque
34:44
just wants its mother [Music] but getting a hug isn't always straightforward [Music] especially when your mother won't stay on the ground
35:18
getting back down seems to be a problem as well [Music] thankfully he hitches a ride for now this youngster is the center of attention but like all males eventually he will be forced from the troop he will have to find another group of macaques and work his way up the hierarchy as his
35:50
father did before him just as the wildlife of lao has lived alongside the mekong for generations so have the people for thousands of years communities along the mekong basin have relied on the river and its resources [Music] in the hills overlooking the mekong a
36:26
girl from a local village is collecting mulberry leaves the cornerstone of an industry that dates back five thousand years the silkworms on her family farm won't eat anything else [Music] [Applause] silkworms are the caterpillars of the domesticated silk moth arguably the most important insect in asia the process of making silk starts as the moths lay their eggs
37:06
when these hatch the feeding frenzy on mulberry leaves begins the caterpillars grow rapidly 25 days and four molts later the larvae are ready to build their cocoons [Music] each caterpillar spins a precious cocoon using saliva glands and it's the cocoons the farmers are after
37:42
[Music] extracting the silk is a delicate heart each cocoon is made from a single silk thread that is between 300 and 900 meters long [Music] the worms themselves are considered a delicacy and sold in local markets alongside some other rather unusual food choices
38:19
[Music] okay the la gibbons wake up around sunrise [Music] the morning call of the adult male lets everyone know it's time to get up [Music] his song can be heard from seven kilometers away things might start slowly but the group will be on the move for most of the day
39:13
breakfast is an immediate priority they aren't very fussy eaters fruit is their favorite but they'll happily eat leaves insects and even bird's eggs la gibbons partner for life they live in small family groups usually a pair with their offspring there's no dominance between males and
40:02
females parents share responsibility for leading their family group as they [Music] forage [Music] it's midday time for an hour's rest [Music] some take the opportunity to snooze [Music] others groom each other [Music]
40:54
this pair enjoys a rare moment of peace the female carefully takes time to remove pests from her partner's thick fur he isn't complaining his hopes of a little downtime are [Music] short-lived [Music]
41:36
their infant doesn't like being ignored [Music] his father knows when to admit defeat and moves aside so mum can turn her attention to their youngster with the coast clear the father finds a
42:28
nice spot to stretch out and have a nap all his son wants to do is wrestle do running away doesn't help [Music]
43:20
a game of chase is just as fun [Music] as the afternoon rolls on the gibbons get back to feeding [Music] they share the canopy with a number of other creatures
43:54
and even benefit from the diverse community a raptors alarm call stops everyone in their tracks gibbons have learned to recognize the raptors warning for danger and head over to see what the commotion is about a water monitor cruises below its fork tongue tastes the air it has picked up their scent the mail alerts the group monitors are voracious carnivals and can
44:56
climb trees the raptor knows its nest is in danger as the monitor reaches the riverbank the gibbons become increasingly alarmed the adults are safe but if a baby panics and falls it is no match for a monitor on the ground his haunting voice that sings each morning now serves a greater purpose others join his attempt to scare off the reptile the monitor hesitates their intimidation works together this eclectic community sees
46:08
off the danger while the rest of the group watched the lizard disappear the male finally finds the time for a well and snooze [Music] soon the monsoon rains will pass the young gibbon will become a master of his treetop environment the infant macaques will find their place in the troop hierarchy
46:49
[Music] and the peacock will find a mate lao is the unexplored jewel of southeast asia the mekong is a nation's central nervous system as the river flows the length of the country it sculpts the environment and wildlife around it [Music] it carves out pockets of ancient forest that provide refuge for some of the most
47:21
endangered creatures on earth and offers us hope that more might still be discovered [Music] you

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