Smart Cities: Solving Urban Problems Using Technology

Smart Cities: Solving Urban Problems Using Technology

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Language: English

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Number of phrases: 192

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[Music] the challenges of cities are changing rapidly as you use more of that very finite resource of clean drinking water has you create more waste we're going to have to think very differently about how to solve the problem our tendencies that think about solving problems when we pose them but there's a completely different degree of complexity that's emerged here now the 21st century I often think about our
00:40
highway system and one of our recourses to congestion is to add another Lane because you add another Lane more cars conflict turns out it doesn't work that way more cars fill in that space more cars change lanes causing more congestion ultimately that's a 20th century solution 21st century solutions think about cars differently do we need to own cars will cars drive themselves will we use cars on the map that's thinking differently that's thinking 21st century
01:10
[Music] when I joined the city 5 years ago the city manager said Jonathan we need a bold vision and mission specifically around technology what does technology mean for the city and what ways can it contribute towards quality of life and at the time you know did some research and it came up with this vision statement which was to build
01:44
and enable a leading digital city one of the things with city governments that people have a perception of is that they don't take the risk to go ahead invest in the infrastructure to make it a smarter more connected city and then Palo Alto here we're willing to make that investment and to allow people to experiment to run pilot programs and to really be innovative we really do work like a start-up we really are pushing projects out quickly we're innovating one of the innovative
02:19
projects that we kicked off a few years ago was to make sure that the data we stored at City Hall is available to anyone wanted it and innovators can begin to build solutions around it it one provide value for us as a city the to to the extent that we can show the way to other cities that things can be done then the whole country the whole world is a better place we do things
02:51
because they're important to our community we don't have a target market right in the cities everybody its children its older people its visitors we're not doing something to maximize profit we're doing something because we can reach the most amount of people perhaps and provide services that for example add to a healthier life what we're really focused on is real practical life applications of technology but more than that sort of
03:23
smart city systems thinking [Music] so what is a smart city today in 2017 there's no agreed definition one thing that's really clear about smart cities is they're very specific to a city the problems we have in Palo Alto are different to Shanghai and Amsterdam although the categories are similar how we approach them the extent of the issue
03:58
and the solutions are going to be very specific one of the things that most cities are grappling with is congestion and how do we get people out of their cars and how do we get good data on how transportation works in the city you know when you are in an urban environment than there's tons of traffic and you're wondering where's everyone go and what's all this traffic about turns out the people in the cars are looking for parking spaces they're literally going around blocks creating this congestion so we think about how can you
04:30
make it easier we've now got to be able to for example but a sensor into a parking space and then collect data where their parking space is occupied or not occupied send it to the cloud and have any number of applications consume that data this is the intersection between the physical world in the digital world and this is really exciting cutting-edge work that within what we're talking about is a combination of sensor arrays feeding back to a central point where we can
05:02
aggregate that data and do things with it prior to this data collection was very difficult through dedicated monitors but now the proliferation of these independent devices were able to distribute them across the city and click data like we never have the flow if we're going to have a better transportation systems of traffic signals need to talk to the cars and the cars we talk to other systems like weather systems and traffic management system so we can count traffic in
05:35
real-time 24/7 and based on that data we can begin to design for example an intersection better we've never had that type of real-time capability before you know this data that we collect not only can we use it but we can put it in the cloud which we do and share it with as many people who would like to consume it this phenomena is called open data and cities and public agencies all over the
06:07
world are beginning to embrace it after all the data belongs to the people we were one of the first innovators to bring our budget onto the Internet in an open budget application so instead of being frustrated and calling the city and not really getting the answers they can go look online and find the answers to their questions in really granular level you know it can't be about community and government separately better look for
06:40
ways to bring people into problem-solving in an urban environment I can't imagine a smart city without a really good democracy those go hand in hand to many people in the world are getting sick from air quality in fact some of the new data shows people are dying in cities because of air quality and now we can put very low-cost air quality sensors in commercial districts and analyze the particulates in the air
07:11
and we can hand that data off to academics here perhaps it's time for University who can analyze it and come back with recommendations we've already reduced greenhouse gases in this city by 36% and we've got an 80 percent carbon reduction by 2030 official policy goal over half the population of the world lives in an inner city contact now about three million people are moving in the city every week over the next 20 years
07:45
that that equates to about two billion more people living in cities our cities aren't well prepared for that so we are in a tough spot globally as it relates to the city the needs are diverse and deep and white smart cities are becoming more and more important with cities so this is an expanding field in which you did huge opportunity doing something that's really meaningful for the community I would think for any young people or
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people who are you know studying right now in the IT technology sector to really think about what it means to work in the city there is so much room for technologists and IT leaders and all sorts of technical people and creative people to come to government and help solve these problems right now we don't have enough people we don't have enough ideas I'm concerned about these challenges but I'm an optimist too with the right people the right innovation the right technology we can bring some
08:49
incredible solutions to the table

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