The Dark Side of the Web

The Dark Side of the Web

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Language: English

Type: Robot

Number of phrases: 302

Number of words: 2014

Number of symbols: 9331

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00:01
tonight the information superhighway and one of its main thoroughfares an online network called Internet okay I guess they can communicate with NBC riders and cruisers Allison can you explain what entering grid of independent computer networks interlaced it's evolved from a US military bulletin board as the
00:33
Internet continued to grow in the mid to late 1990s it would come to transform society on a global scale the biggest change came in the form of instant communication as long as you had an internet connection you could talk to anyone on earth assuming of course they were also connected to the Internet and around the millennium shift you had over 350 million connected people to choose from the thing is the internet was not designed with things like anonymity and privacy in mind so everything you do and
01:05
say online can and in many cases will be tracked recorded and traceable back to you some people are very concerned about their privacy in in the mid-1990s one such group of people was the United States federal government a team of computer scientists and mathematicians working for a branch of the u.s. Navy known as the naval research laboratory aggravated as NRL began development of a new technology known as Onion Routing Onion Routing would allow for anonymous
01:36
bi-directional communication where the source and destination cannot be determined by a midpoint this is accomplished by creating something known as an overlay Network an overlay network is simply a network that is built on top of another network in this case the Internet so instead of using the normal on a cryptid internet also known as the surface web your traffic goes through an overlay network now there are many different types of overlay networks but a network using Onion Routing technology
02:08
would be classified as a dark net a dark net can only be accessed by a specific software and/or authorization in case that was hard to follow all you need to know is that people working for the US government created a system which will allow for anonymous communication over the Internet however the people over at NRL soon realized a major limitation the United States government can't simply run an anonymity system for everybody and then use it themselves only because
02:39
then every time a connection came from it people would say oh it's another CIA agent looking at my website if those are the only people using the network so you need to have other people using the network so that they blend together so what he's saying is that for the network to be truly anonymous it has to be available to everyone and not just the US government so the NRL was forced to release their Onion Routing technology to the public the technology was eventually released under an open-source
03:10
license and became tor tor stands for The Onion Router and is the software you need to download it to be able to access this network of onion routers today millions of people across the globe used tor for a multitude of purposes everything from innocent daily browsing to criminal activities and while it is the most popular tor is but one amongst numerous darknets together they all make up the dark web subsequently the dark web forms a small part of the Deep Web
03:43
the Deep Web is everything on the web that cannot be indexed by search engines it's nothing like the dark web as most of us use the Deep Web all the time if you visit this link you will find an unlisted YouTube video on my channel this can be classified as deep web content I know it's a bit anticlimactic but yeah this video exists on the Deep Web is simply because no search engine can find it other examples of Deep Web content includes online banking Netflix webmail
04:13
dynamic pages databases and everything that's password or paywall protected as you can imagine the Deep Web has a lot more content than the surface web how much more well we don't know because by its very nature it's near impossible to determine a paper from 2001 estimated at the Deep Web is 500 times the size of the surface web but then again that estimation is over a decade old all we
04:45
can say for certain is that deep web content accounts for the vast majority of the content on the World Wide Web so to summarize the surface web is content that can be indexed by search engines the Deep Web is content that cannot be indexed by search engines and the dark web is a fraction of the Deep Web consisting of numerous dark nets which requires specific software and/or authorization to access ok we know what's on the surface web and we know what's on the Deep Web but want to be
05:15
find on the dark web more specifically the dark net known as tor as mentioned you can use tor for almost anything browsing the web checking your email posting on forums instant messaging watching youtube videos you name it but the dark web aspect comes in the form of hidden services a hidden service is essentially a website that can only be accessed by a tor and the address for hidden service will always end in dot Onion so if I attempt to access this
05:46
hidden service using Google Chrome and nothing happens it will only connect using specialized software such as the tor browser this is the dark web well one site on the dark web this specific site is known as the hidden wiki and attempts to list as many publicly known hidden services as possible Facebook operates a hidden service the search engine DuckDuckGo is another but this is about as far as I will go because there is definitely a darker side to the dark
06:18
web anonymity attracts a vast variety of people and can be used for both licit and illicit purposes in October of 2013 the FBI took down the online drug market place known as Silk Road the web site had been in operation since the beginning of 2011 with a total revenue estimated at 1.2 Balian news about the Silk Road website brought the dark web out of the dark and right into the public eye this graph shows daily traffic over the
06:50
Tor network before Silk Road was mentioned in mainstream media this is after only a few months of the Silk Road had been taken down ex administrators of the site launched Silk Road 2.0 however in late 2014 the FBI arrested the admins and the second marketplace was taken down as well a few hours after that Silk Road 3.0 was launched and the seemingly endless spiral continues and keep in mind that Silk Road was just one website
07:22
among many you can find numerous others just like it selling every illegal drug you can imagine and more the FBI also claimed that the owner of the Silk Road website had attempted to have six people killed by using Deep Web murder-for-hire services while the assassinations themselves are unlikely to have occurred these websites can definitely be found on the dark web the problem is a lack of evidence anyone can set up a dark net
07:54
website claiming anything for any reason especially if there's money involved one such web site was recently hacked and several emails by the admins would suggest the web site is indeed a scam set up to make money one message reads we receive orders to kill people from all over the world however our site is fake and we don't have any hitman we forward the orders to police departments where the targets are located and in yet another email they bluntly state this website is to scam
08:25
criminals of their money then again this suppose that hack could have been faked as well so there's no way to be absolutely certain unfortunately the dark web has a much more depraved and gruesome extremes many web sites contain various forms of sexualized torture and killing of animals and child pornography sites are a huge problem on the dark web a site known as Lolita City which has now been taken down contained over 100 gigabytes of
08:56
photos and videos and had run 15,000 members another website known as playpen was taken down by the FBI in 2015 which may have been the largest child pornography site on the entire dark web with over 200,000 members there's somewhat of an urban legend known as red rooms a red room is a live stream of a person being tortured and or murdered for the entertainment of others supposedly the viewers may even interact
09:28
by typing down instructions again there's no evidence of this ever taking place but the myth persists not too long ago a dot onion link appeared on various forums which would take you to a page claiming that the Red Room style live stream would shortly begin the victims were supposedly captured Isis terrorists and the soon-to-be killers promised hours of torture though the first hour would be family-friendly you know for all the kids staying up late to watch a person being brutally murdered live on
09:58
the dark web of the much morbid anticipation the live stream went live and viewers were greeted by a plate of bacon mainstream media would have you believe that the surface web is just a thin layer on top of an enormous criminal underground but it couldn't be further from the truth and it's no wonder as they frequently confuse the dark web with a much much larger deep web a recent study from early 2016 found at out of two thousand seven hundred and
10:33
twenty three active onion web sites on the Tor network 1547 contained illicit content so that's over half this includes pornographic material drugs money laundering cyber terrorists and contract killers trading of firearms and weapons etc but only three to six percent of all tor users actually use these hidden services so only three to six percent use the dark web the vast majority exclusively used tor to protect
11:05
their privacy and to browse the surface web anonymously and have never visited a dot onion web site so while there's no question that the dark web contains some of the most horrific content on the entire web it's nowhere near as extensive as some make it out to be okay here's a question then how do you prevent criminals from using these services while still allowing lawful citizens to protect their privacy the answer is quite simple you don't you
11:36
can't restrict something that is speights very nature meant to be unrestricted that's the problem with anonymity anyone can do or say anything so we have no choice but to take the good with the bad even if law enforcement agencies had the ability to shut the entire network down completely they wouldn't because the US government need tor as much as anybody else remember they created this technology and they did not create this technology
12:08
just so they could release it to the public for free it was only released to the public as public usage is an essential part of what makes tor anonymous it takes us right back to this the United States government can we run an anonymity system for everybody and then use it themselves only because then every time a connection came from it people would say oh it's another CI who do you think funds the Tor project in 2007 one hundred percent of the Tor
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project funding came from the US government in 2008 eighty six percent in 2009 ninety percent in 2010 ninety four percent in 2011 seventy eight percent in 2012 eighty one percent in 2013 94 percent a government agent working undercover is as much in need of online anonymity as a terrorist pedophile or whistleblower it's everyone or no one
13:11
that's the unfortunate truth you you

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