WW2 - OverSimplified (Part 1)

WW2 - OverSimplified (Part 1)

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Language: English

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people to use this link which can be found in the description will get their first two months of Skillshare for just 99 cents be sure to try it out using the link in the description and learn something new today now without further ado it's 1902 a young man by the name of Benito Mussolini was from Italy to Switzerland to avoid military service he gets big into socialism working for trade unions writing for socialist newspapers advocating a violent overthrow of European monarchies the whole shebang this gets him in a bit of trouble with the Swiss police so he gets
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arrested sent back to Italy set free returns to Switzerland is arrested again goes back to Italy again completes his military service after previously avoiding it and then after a brief stint as an elementary school teacher he finally returns to work as an avid socialist his speeches and journalistic abilities made him famous among Italian socialists he was anti-war so in Italy colonized Libya in 1910 he rioted and got arrested then World War one came along and once again he protested Italy's involvement but then he thought wait a minute this war could bring about the social climate needed to overthrow European monarchies and bring about the
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socialist revolution everyone in he was pro-war but his fellow socialists didn't like his new pro-war stance so they kicked him out of the party so then he said you know what I'm done with socialism we need something new not based on class divisions tearing us apart but based on unity through nationality will conquer the Mediterranean and reunite all Italian peoples just like the days of the Roman Empire I'll call it fat she smoked and it will guide the Italian nation to greatness that's all well and good mr. Mussolini but what kind of haircut am I giving you let's go with
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bold Italy had been on the winners side in World War one and they hope they're going to get a lot out of it but in the end they only got a little and they felt cheated on top of that a bad economy and weak government's meant that the Italian people were a little unhappy so when Mussolini came along said that he could fix everything his fascist movement gained a lot of support in 1922 he went to the king and said make me Prime Minister or I'll make me prime minister and the King said you and what army this
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army fair enough then he went about establishing a dictatorship with himself at its centre Europe had its first fascist dictator next up Germany Germany had been on the losers side and they got absolutely wrecked by the Treaty of Versailles they lost territory had to demilitarize the Rhineland had to reduce their army to just one hundred thousand men couldn't have an Air Force had to pay the Allies a huge amount of money that it didn't have and a new rule was established that every Englishman withheld the right to walk into the center of Berlin pick out any German they wanted and spanked the hell out of them I made that last one up but it
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helps you understand how all this felt to Germans on top of that a bad economy and weak governments meant that when a small angry man with a silly mustache came along and said that he could fix everything the German people loved him Hitler had been a soldier during World War one and he was crazy patriotic and nobody was madder than him about Germany's humiliation he helped start a new political party and in 1923 attempted a march on Munich with his boys and then he got arrested but his popularity grew and grew and in 1933 the president made him Chancellor he believed he was Germany's great destined Savior and he went full megalomania
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establishing a dictatorship with himself at its centre Europe had fascist dictator number two Hitler and Mussolini had a lot of the same ideas but more importantly they had the same enemies and he started to get along anyone else want to be friends Frank oh no you good I do who's that it's Japan and they've taken over northern China let's rewind a bit Japan had isolated itself from the rest of the world for over 200 years until the Americans showed up and said you're gonna trade with us and you're gonna like it then the Western powers imposed a bunch of unequal treaties meaning Japan's
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economy was bust they also had no natural resources so they decided to go get some they went to war with China to gain a sphere of influence over Korea and they took a bunch of Chinese stuff but then the West said hey cut that out and since Japan couldn't take on the West they said okay I guess we'll just go home wait a minute what are you doing taking advantage of a week in China and setting up spheres of influence but I was the one who weakened them we know and you guys didn't let me have anything we know that seems unfair we don't think so okay see ya so Japan thought screw this and went to war with Russia and stunned
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everyone by actually winning then they fully annexed Korea but they didn't stop there in World War one they took Germany's colonies and islands in Asia and then in an incident that was maybe States by the Japanese army a bomb blew up the Japanese train in Manchuria giving them an excuse to launch an invasion and take over so here's a situation Nazi Germany fascist Italy and Japan all believe they're racially superior all feel hostility towards the Allies and all want to militarize and take over more stuff and so they did let's start with Germany Hitler hated the Treaty of Versailles and now he was ready to begin on doing it in complete
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violation of the treaty the first Luftwaffe squadrons were set up conscription was introduced and he pimped up his army the Allies did nothing then Hitler sent his army back into the demilitarized Rhineland giving orders to immediately retreat if the Allies showed up the Allies did nothing with his military restraint and he could now move on to step 2 he wanted to rapidly increase the Aryan population and to do so he needed Lebensraum or in other words he would have to take over the world but for now a good portion of Europe would do and he began eyeing up his neighbors the Allies finally started to get worried so they implemented a fairly useless diplomatic strategy called appeasement and it went
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a little something like this Hitler would say I want that thing and the Allies would say you can't have that thing okay you can have that thing but no more I want that thing and repeat in 1938 Hitler's army marched into Austria and just took it with no resistance boom this is Germany now next he demanded to be given the Sudetenland an area of Czechoslovakia with many ethnic Germans the Allies held a meeting with Hitler in Munich and said look we're going to give you what hang on this meeting is about my territory shouldn't I come to the meeting too anyway we're gonna give you what you
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want really yeah just like that yep what's the catch just sign this piece of paper promising you won't invade the rest of Czechoslovakia okay then Chamberlain returned home victorious waving a signed piece of paper in the air declaring crisis to be averted and the continuation World Peace and we built a statue of Chamberlain in his honor and every day on the 30th of September we celebrate Chamberlain theatres invading the rest of Czechoslovakia what he's invading the rest of Czechoslovakia oh you lied to me what do you expect I'm Hitler not to be outdone Mussolini also wanted to get in
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on the action he thought to himself isn't there a not yet colonized nation somewhere which is so underdeveloped that the people would be defending themselves against our tanks with literal bows and arrows and wind spears oh there is fantastic and so he took it Italy also wanted to control the entrance to the Adriatic Sea so they occupied Albania then in another incident which was maybe staged by the Japanese gunfire was exchanged by Japanese and Chinese troops at the Marco Polo Bridge and the Japanese launched yet another invasion against China they swept through Beijing and Shanghai and then advanced to the Yangtze Valley to
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China's then capital Nanking it was here that saw the worst of Japan's shocking atrocities committed against the Chinese people back in Europe Germany and Italy made their relationship status official by signing the pact of Steel then Hitler turned his eyes towards Poland and the hated polish Court or splitting Germany and - at this point the Allies really had to put their foot down and they warned him that an invasion of Poland would mean war Hitler had planned to continue his advance eastward but he didn't want to end up fighting a war on two fronts so for now he made an alliance with Stalin saying how about we both invade Poland and split it between
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the two of us and I definitely won't not refrain from not betraying you sometime in the future sounds could this newline stunned the West on the 1st of September 1939 German troops entered Poland and Britain and France declared war on Germany the pols fought hard but they were no match for the two giants crashing down on them from either side then came a period known as the phoney war where everyone just sort of sat around not doing much the French had launched a small invasion into the Saarland they
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maintained mostly defensive positions and after a while decided to just turn around and call it a day speaking of France the French were still super proud of their victory in World War one and they hadn't really moved on from it they still use forces they dispatched messages by motorbike instead of using radio orders from the commander-in-chief were usually pretty vague and the troops were rarely inspected they built a line of Defense's along their German border but didn't bother extending it all the way to the channel and they wouldn't launch artillery strikes against Germany out of fear of being retaliated against in a war they didn't want to attack the enemy and at first the UK wasn't much
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better Chamberlain still naively hoped that the war could be ended diplomatically instead of bombing raids the RAF dropped propaganda leaflets over German cities which one Air Marshal said likely did nothing but provide the continent with toilet paper for the duration of the war they also only sent two hundred thousand men to France while the French had mobilized millions both Britain and France wanted to avoid a repeat of the first world war and so they wanted to keep the war as far from home as possible so they turned their eyes in north towards Norway neutral Sweden was exporting iron ore to Germany through neutral Norway so the Allies asked them if they could please stop exporting iron
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ore to Germany but this request was refused then the Soviet Union attacked Finland so the ally said how about we land troops in Norway and move them across Sweden to go help out your good pal Finland and along the way maybe take control of all your armed fields but Norway and Sweden still said no so if you came mined the waters around Norway to force any transport ships into international waters and they also attacked the German tanker they found in the area Hitler realized what the Allies were up to and he quickly moved to secure his supply of iron ore he launched an invasion through Denmark into Norway the Allies rushed to land troops at keyboards along the coast but Germany had taken control of Noyes airfield and their air superiority
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decided the fight the Allies had to retreat after the slightly embarrassing failure Chamberlain resigned and was replaced with Winston Churchill who had a slightly different approach to dealing with the Germans Hitler's overall strategy was similar to Germany's first world war strategy attack France defeat France knocking out the UK in the process then turn on the Soviet Union and win the war during the phoney war the Allies had given Hitler timed his forces now he was ready to attack the Allies had wanted to place troops in Belgium but Belgium had refused and then a move that surprised pretty much no one even launched an invasion to get around
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Frances defenses the Allies charged into Belgium at full speed to meet the German invasion head-on and it looked like a repeat of the first world war was coming but this time Hitler had a trick up his sleeve blitzkrieg as the Germans advanced they sent thousands of refugees westward slowing down the Allies then to the south the French had left the our den an area full of hills and forests pretty under defended because they thought it was naturally impenetrable well the Germans were about to penetrate it with everything they had they smashed 50 Vermont divisions through and encircled the Allied armies at lightning speed the best of the Allied forces were now trapped the Germans squeezed in from all sides
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taking out Frances best armies and nearly wiping out the British - but they managed to make a desperate last-minute escape at Dunkirk with British civilian ships even making the perilous journey to bring their young men home with most of the French forces depleted the Germans breezed through taking Paris and France fell what the Germans couldn't do in World War one Hitler had done just like that Hitler hoped that with the fall of France the UK would also lose hope and sue for peace but quite annoyingly it didn't and he needed to secure the Western Front so he tried to force them into submission with mindgames UK were
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now all alone and Hitler wanted to emphasize that first of all just before France fell Italy finally declared war on the Allies making the UK situation even worse next instead of just occupying all of France Hillier occupied the coastal areas for defense but allowed France to continue its existence as a German puppet state this way it looked like the UK's old Ally had decided to switch sides Hitler also hoped that the UK wouldn't attack any for old Ally's Navy bases or colonies in Africa giving Hitler an extra line of defense to the south but the UK made sure to respond to this by sailing down to Frances Navy base in Algeria and wrecking a bunch of ships so have at it
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Hitler then began laying down plans for an invasion of Great Britain before German troops could land on British soil he would first need air and naval superiority across the channel waves of German bombers came while the completely outnumbered Aria Ford gravely around-the-clock in an attempt to quell the German attacks at first the Luftwaffe targeted British ports and coastal facilities then it attacked RAF bases crippling the RAF stability to defend the nation and it looked like Hitler's great British Invasion was coming but then Churchill ordered a small pretty and significant bombing raid over Berlin it didn't do much damage but Hitler was furious and he immediately ordered the Luftwaffe
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to refocus its attacks on civilian targets in London children were sent off to the countryside away from their parents to avoid danger and frequent trips to air-raid shelters became a daily occurrence but British morale held firm smiling knitting lounging casually these people have balls of steel this refocusing on London also gave the RAF breathing space to reorganize so Hitler kind of shot himself in the foot there just the foot for now finally the Luftwaffe sent one massive all-out attack on London and the RAF successfully repelled it destroying many of the German aircraft and placing air superiority firmly in British hands
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Hitler's invasion had to be postponed but the bombing of British cities continued for some time [Music] you

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