HISTORIA - Origen y Evolución del Español o Castellano | MINI-DOCUMENTAL

HISTORIA - Origen y Evolución del Español o Castellano | MINI-DOCUMENTAL

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00:05
The Spanish language, or also called Castilian, is the second language of the world by the number of people who speak it as their mother tongue, only behind Mandarin Chinese and its expansion and globalization is growing rapidly. But what is the origin of Spanish? Get ready to travel back in time and discover how this language was forged by learning the Origin and Evolution of Spanish or Castilian. According to the Royal Spanish Academy, the word “Spanish” comes from the Provençal “espaignol” and this from the medieval Latin “hispaniolus” which means "From Hispania" which was the name by which the territories of present-day Spain and Portugal were known in the Roman Empire Like other Romance languages ​​such as Portuguese, Catalan, Galician, French, Italian and Romanian, Spanish or Castilian comes from Latin
01:16
since much of the territory of the Iberian Peninsula was conquered by the Roman Empire, however, let's see who were in these lands before the Romans! Around the 6th century BC the Iberians began to mix with the Celts who were dispersed populations in the Iberian Peninsula, like other peoples such as the Tartesians, the Celtiberians etc. and whose languages ​​called pre-Romanesque would leave their mark on the Latin that would come later. However, all these peoples lacked a linguistic unit. Later, in the 3rd century BC, began the process of romanization starting the glorious era of the Roman Empire which designated the name of Hispania to these territories. Like all great empires in history, the Western Roman Empire would not be eternal
02:19
and saw its fall towards the year 467 of our era and by that time the cultured Latin had already lost its importance so it was quickly replaced by vulgar Latin which had been influenced by Greek, Celtic and other Germanic languages. Immediately after the demise of the Roman Empire, Peoples of Germanic origin called Visigoths occupied Spain and dominated the peninsula until the year 711 which is when the Muslim army crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and defeated them. Part of the linguistic legacy of the Visigoth people is comprised of words such as: shelter, truce and guardian. The Muslims occupied almost the entire peninsula (except the northern lands) and they formed the province called "Al-Ándalus" consolidating later in the Caliphate of Granada.
03:22
In the meantime, in the north the Christian kingdoms would prevail and they would give rise to the Romance modalities like Catalan, Asturian, Aragonese, Galician and of course, Castilian. The latter consisted of a primitive dialect in the medieval county of Castile which would later become the Kingdom of Castile, in the central region north of present-day Spain. Shortly after the Arab occupation, a process called the Spanish reconquest began. where the Christian kingdoms were gaining territory through successive dynastic unifications such as the union of León and Galicia with Fernando III of Castile and confining the dominion of the Arabs towards the south. Between the end of the 10th century and the beginning of the 11th century, the first manuscripts in a Romance dialect clearly distinguishable from Latin called "Glosas Emilianenses" were composed
04:28
in the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla in the autonomous community of La Rioja, north of Spain, which are considered the oldest archaic writings attributed to Spanish and were annotations that were written next to texts in Latin so that the public who did not speak this language understood them. The creation of a standard Spanish language based on the Castilian dialect began in the 13th century with King Alfonso X, the Wise, who adopted Spanish as the official language for translations of official documents and decrees founding the Toledo School of Translators which would publish for the first time in a language other than Latin. A whole cultural revolution of the time! The consolidation of Castilian as the official language of Spain arose as a result of the marital union
05:31
of Queen Isabel I of Castile and Fernando II of Aragon, who were called "the Catholic kings" and finally around the year 1492 these kings finally managed to banish the presence of the Arabs with the taking of Granada, which was the last Muslim settlement in the peninsula ending more than 700 years of occupation. This time left none other than around 4000 words of Arabic origin in the Spanish language, such as: pillow, olive, chess, guitar, figure, zero, killer, hopefully, carrot, etc. At the time the Moors were expelled from Spain and the unification of the Spanish kingdoms was celebrated,
06:32
Antonio de Nebrija published his work "Grammatica" in 1492 considering itself as the first grammar treatise on the Spanish language and the first of a European Latin language. Coincidentally in that same year, Christopher Columbus, with the financial help of the Catholic kings, embarked on the journey that history would know as the discovery of America through which the Spanish language would see its opportunity for expansion in the new American colonies. The original languages ​​of America, mainly Aymara, Nahuatl, Guaraní, Mayan, Quechua, Chibcha and Taíno made numerous contributions to the Spanish lexicon as in the case of pitch, tent, avocado, chocolate, jaguar, shark, canoe, hummingbird, hurricane, cannibal, etc.
07:37
Towards the 16th and 17th centuries, considered the golden centuries of Spanish literature, the advance of Spanish around the world was unstoppable and the language evolves to become what it is today. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra wrote his magnum opus "Don Quixote de la Mancha" between 1605 and 1616 and it becomes the most translated book in the Spanish language in the world. In the 18th century, more precisely in 1713, the Royal Spanish Academy was created whose purpose is to give Spanish a definitive rule and avoid misuses which would govern the linguistic unit worldwide. More than two centuries later, in 1991, the Instituto Cervantes was created, which is a public institution
08:40
with the aim of promoting and teaching the Spanish language throughout the world. As curious facts of Spanish, It is currently the second most widely spoken language in the United States after English. Spanish is the third most widely written language on the Internet. Almost 8% of Internet users communicate in this language. However, it ranks second on social media, both on Facebook and Twitter. And also, it is the second most important language on Wikipedia. The top 5 countries with the most Spanish speakers are: Mexico with 132 million, United States with 42 million native Spanish speakers and more than 11 million who speak it as a second language, Colombia with 50 million, Spain with 47 million
09:46
and Argentina with 44 million. And that's all for today! If you liked this video don't forget to like it and subscribe to this channel. I invite you to also activate the bell to inform you when there is a new video! See you soon!

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