The COMPLETE OCEAN CROSSING CHECKLIST - PART III

The COMPLETE OCEAN CROSSING CHECKLIST - PART III

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00:00
hi guys hi guys welcome to part three of preparing for an ocean crossing this one we're talking about keeping the humans happy with uh food water keeping occupied entertainment and also talking about fuel so let's get into it
00:48
okay so i'm going to talk about consumables water food fuel the most critical of all of those is water the human body can only last a few days without water three four five days and then you're dead so how do we manage our water first of all as you know jupiter has a water maker it works nicely it's a high output water
01:18
maker but it's a machine and it can break at any time the way we manage our water first of all we don't want to be too full of water we could carry 800 liters or 800 kilograms of water but we've got a light wind ocean passage coming up the forecast is for fairly light winds uh the heavier a cat is the slower it goes opposite of what you would expect we do not want to fill ourselves with
01:49
water but we need enough to always have enough even if the water maker breaks so what i mean by that um you need to be looking at on route diversion ports where you can duck into if need be for any reason whether it's some failure but including the water maker i'm going to tell you how we manage our water and prepare for the passage we have three separate sources of water on board
02:22
jupiter for a passage our port tank is connected to the water maker the water maker only fills the poor tank unless i run a hose over the top to the starboard tank inlet and i i do that occasionally but not often and not on passage and i'll tell you why first source of water our daily tank port side for us our second source of water is reserved water and that is the starboard side it's the same size as the port side
02:55
and i use the reserve tank and i i sorry i do not use the reserve tank normally the reserve tank is for when the primary tank or the daily tank cannot be filled why can't it be filled because the water maker broke got a plan for this so the reserve tank is our redundancy and there's enough water in there to get us to an enroute port in our case initially the first week at on-route port will be turn right and head to
03:27
namibia and then we can get some water so we may only need three or four days of reserve water for that part the next part would be saint helena it's a fair distance to our right maybe we need five or six days reserve water for that so so far all we need is five or six days of water in the reserve tank and we calculate how much do we need i use about three liters a day per person so for the two of us six
03:57
liters per day and this is drinking water only this is not washing we're going to have to in that case it's going to be a you know a little bit of a problem case where you can't wash salt water wash dishes in the salt water no clothes washing we shouldn't need much anyway we're just gonna stink for a few days reserved water is just to get you to the next port we don't use that tank and we don't fill it again unless we're positive it's fresh water going into that tank
04:29
the third source of water is emergency water and it's in jerry cans and we've decided three 20 liter five gallon jerry cans live in the cockpit locker near where the life raft is mounted if the life raft is in it's a open then it's a matter of just passing down these jerry cans into the life raft so that's emergency water we have three everyday water reserve water emergency water
05:01
the only reason we would need reserve or emergency water is if the water maker has broken and this has happened this happens it's a machine it can break any time normally i would be making water about every four days and i would not fill that tank because it's too heavy catamarans don't go well we're expecting light winds across the south atlantic so i don't want to fill i just want to half fill it and that'll last us three or four days depending on how many
05:32
showers we have but when water makers break the time that it's broken for me it the machine keeps running but it had just lost pressure and suddenly is pumping salt water into the water tank spoiling any fresh water that we had there before so that tank now is gone we've lost all that water in that tank this is why you never pump water into your reserve tank unless
06:02
you know it is fresh so i will make if i want to fill the right tank the starboard tank i will make water in the port tank first check it make sure it's fresh and then with the hose fill up the starboard tank so just to recap consumable water most critical you'll die without it we have three sources every day use reserve water to get us to the next port emergency water for when we get in the life raft
06:46
cheers so food now food is not so critical not as critical as water you can go weeks without food so why would you want to so plan to take enough food we plan on at least 50 percent more food than we need this voyage will take between 20 and 30 days so we're planning for at least 45 days of food now in this case we're taking a lot of canned food
07:17
and hopefully we don't have to eat it we're also taking fresh food uh but that obviously has a limit to its life um maybe within the first two or three weeks it'll be all gone and we're back to canned food which is fine maybe we'll catch some fresh fish maybe we'll catch some fresh fish that's pretty hard to say also a good idea is to pre-cook the first few days of your meals because the first few days
07:51
is when you're most likely to get a little seasick and you don't want to be downstairs cooking somebody's feeling guilty anyway uh also good to take comfort food you know like we try and watch our diet most the time although it doesn't look that way but you know when you're out there it's it's cold it's windy or it's dark you need some comfort food take some biscuits and some chocolate bars you
08:22
know do your best to cake cake yeah sure it's always good what's for lunch just sausage with avo what do you call this salsa have a think about redundancy for your cooking fuel why what happens if you fill up your gas bottle you go out to sea you haven't seated that valve properly and it all leaks out in the first two days hopefully on the outside of the
09:08
boat it'll be a pretty tough trip if you can't heat up a meal for a month we've recently upgraded our solar so now we use induction back up to that is the gas cooker so our gas bottle is going to last a year or so at this rate back up to the gas cooker is a small single burner camp stove with aerosol gas cans make sure your trip is comfortable
09:37
you need a hot meal all right uh final consumable that we're going to talk about is fuel how much should you take common sense would just say filler up but uh and even take jerry cans as well and a lot of people do however it's a bit of a different case with a performance cap weight deteriorates performance and we're expecting light winds 10 knots or so across the
10:18
south atlantic if we overload the boat it's going to be difficult to sail in light winds i've decided to take full tanks but no more we've got 200 liters of jerry cans we could fill up as well but that would be an extra 150 or 160 kilos of weight so decided to not do that but we will take full tanks have to run the water maker so we need to run the the engine for
10:49
probably an hour and a half every four days or so plus uh the forecast is looking a little bit overcast our solars are not great at charging up our lithiums you know we we've got to upgrade that so we're going to have to run the engine got high output alternators but still they're only putting out 120 150 amps that could be every few days we need to run the engine for four or five hours to recharge the battery so we need fuel for that
11:19
also want fuel for when we arrive obviously there's some maneuvering to do when we get there but if the wind dies we are not going to start the engine and motor unless we really get frustrated but there's almost no point we can only do about five knots when we're motoring on one engine maybe six just depending on the wind and the wave action against you the big scheme of things when you've got three and a half thousand miles to cover doing an extra 25 miles a day
11:51
because i started the engine it's just not worthwhile so the idea is to sail the boat not mow to the boat because you can only carry so much fuel in fact my fuel my full tanks is about four days of motoring on one engine and then it's all gone this is going to be a 20 to 30 day trip so there's just no point motoring need to keep fuel in reserve as i say for arrival
12:22
if there's some maneuvering to do during arrival for an emergency what if there was a medical emergency we're 300 miles from namibia and there's no wind then we need the fuel so keep the fuel for that hopefully you've got enough time in your schedule to just relax and wait for the wind you need redundancy for your fuel jupiter has two tanks which most boats do and that's great for the redundancy
12:58
at least you can run out of fuel on one and still have fuel on the other but you also need redundancy in case the tank becomes fouled what fails a fuel tank diesel bug if you haven't heard a diesel bug it can be a big problem in hot and humid areas it's a bacteria that grows like slime and it feeds off the condensation the water in the fuel and along the the walls of the fuel tank
13:28
i got diesel burg in malaysia and i've still got it in a starboard tank port tank is clean but starboard tank got some bug in it every time i refuel i add the star bright fuel additive that kills diesel bug my walls and floor of the tank are still covered in that slime but it's not in the fuel itself and hopefully so far it's been three years and it's stayed the same
14:00
hopefully it doesn't break off and go into the fuel inlet now that's the big trouble with when you go to sea you've suddenly got rougher seas bigger waves the sloshing of the fuel will break off that slime and float down into the fuel inlet and block your filters in no time make sure you have two sources of fuel and make sure it's clean let's talk about health before you start a passage
14:40
stock up on any of your usual medications that you may need whether it's blood pressure or heart tablets there's no pharmacies out there and even depending on where you're going there may be no pharmacies where you arrive either make sure you've got your normal medications that you need next you need to consider any health issues which may be apparent at the destination perhaps that country is susceptible to malaria you might need
15:12
to visit a travel doctor and he can prescribe and supply some malaria prophylaxis consider any immunizations that you may need and and that also depends on the country you're coming from perhaps the destination country requires you to be immunized if you've been in a particular country previously perhaps that's a yellow fever vaccination if you are heading towards north africa
15:43
for example next we need to consider on route health for a start we are not in our normal comfort zone we will be fatigued lack of sleep no or little exercise and a different diet so we could be susceptible to illnesses or injury because of that however we're not exposed to much illness disease virus we brought it with us on the boat we don't catch that
16:15
stuff out on the ocean however we cannot go to a doctor and probably cannot even get medical advice when we're out there so we need to take with us everything we need this may mean a visit to the travel doctor before we start our voyage and stock up on things that we may need out there such as antibiotics general broad spectrum antibiotics you know will help us with a lot of stuff
16:48
any medications i've sort of itemized into general areas such as painkillers stomach or bladder upsets what is this one antihistamines this one is for inflammation we don't have access to a normal range of healthy foods we may end up eating baked beans for two weeks we might need to supplement our vitamins and minerals good nutritional supplements such as spirulina
17:21
or multivitamins are going to help i am a big advocate of vitamin c and i buy it by the kilogram as ascorbic acid and i take a lot of that to ward off any issues tummy bugs can happen because perhaps we're eating reheated food we cooked up a big batch of bolognese maybe left it out on the bench too long didn't put it in the fridge and now we're eating it again you get upset
17:54
tummy so i have a couple of remedies that i use all the time this one is great to kill any bugs that get in your tummy along with charcoal it's great for any sort of tummy issues and so far that's all i've used and that works nicely another big health issue which a lot of people are susceptible to on a regular basis and they still keep cruising and that is sea sickness
18:26
you need to have a stock of medications that work for you now that's quite a challenge i haven't come across any medication that works really all it tends to do is make you sleepy but don't discount it because seasickness can be very dangerous if the person is unable to keep anything down become dehydrated and can die so don't think it's just for the week it
18:57
happens to a lot of cruisers and they just manage it jupiter has a water maker which is fantastic and greatest luxury on the boat is to have the water maker and freely able to make and use water however osmosis water makers are devoid of minerals they filter out everything almost everything they filter out all the minerals that you would normally get in water so you need to supplement
19:30
whether it's with pink himalayan salt or the or sea salt make sure you're getting a broad range of minerals not just sodium chloride remember on a long passage to exercise you feel like you're exercising because your body's aching you're constantly moving just to stand still you're constantly moving because of the movement of the boat however this is uh not enough exercise and then suddenly
20:01
you have to control uh out of control sail in a strong breeze you're exerting 110 of your physical body to control this sale and then you do nothing again for three or four days this is not a good balance of muscle use you need to purposely do some exercise whether it's some planking some push-ups some chin-ups on the boom whatever your regime make sure you do something
20:33
every day finally most important to prevent injury on the boat by making smart decisions wise choices and being very very careful first aid kit is just a bunch of bandages and plasters the best use for that is to fill up a cupboard space and never get used because you have not injured yourself whether it's sharp knives cleaning a fish cooking and getting thrown around
21:04
getting burnt by your pot of water just make smart choices and be careful there are no doctors there's no ambulance and anything happens to you you will need to live with it until we get to land so how to keep yourself entertained at sea
21:36
it's actually not that big of a problem there's always stuff to do watch keeping cooking takes a long time because the boat's moving around so much you have to take it very slowly and carefully night time maybe you want to listen to some music in the day time we might stick on a movie keep watching every 20 minutes or so pop our head up but uh yeah prepare for this before you leave bring some uh games some movies some music some podcasts
22:11
some musical instruments or something like that whatever floats your boat bring it yeah continue what so thanks for watching part three i hope it was valuable to you next part is our last one of the series and it's a big one it's about safety gear so guys please like share and subscribe to our channel and leave some feedback good or bad doesn't matter
22:52
see you next time cheers you

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