Small is beautiful impressions of Fritz Schumacher

Small is beautiful impressions of Fritz Schumacher

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Language: English

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from Belfast to the airport information that please this is special messages please ensure that they do not leave their baggage unattended at any time announcing the departure of British Airways five six one four to zero all passengers should receive immigration Pfc don't have anybody I'd like to go to gate number 18 the light is building
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the end it should not be in the talk about EF Schumacher ritm occur to his friends like all good revolutionaries he travels light Britt Schumacher would reverse the progress of the 20th century he deals with machinery and with God there are very few perfect machine one of them is the or lock it is a gentle
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instrument that unites man and water it is dignified and economic and this pleases Ritsu Mac I am an economist and organizer technologist the real problem of our society is not the technical he could not make it either the youth a philosophical it's an enormous confusion about our deepest convictions on the one hand we are told just a cosmic accident
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that the human race exists on the other hand we are given religious instruction and so on and have all these churches and great traditions wonderful art so we are living in total confusion until he was about 45 years of age print Schumaker like all good economists was dedicated to growth the standstill was to stagnate to become smaller was to die
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he was enormous ly successful a prime mover in Europe's post-war economic miracle then he decided that the world was making a monstrous mistake big he said it indeed be bad small he said is beautiful with these words he became one of the few original thinkers of the 20th century it was decided in some official circles that Schumaker had suddenly
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become a harmless old fool a great appeal no doubt the people who liked to hook their own rugs then somebody remembered that Schumacher had predicted the world energy crisis 18 years before it happened and now he gets letters inviting him to the White House it is often assumed that Schumacher has come to despise all forms of machinery not so says Schumacher some machinery is beautiful
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we've been doing this about five years where now we we've now got it to work reliably it's very simple I mean when I explained the valves and no doubt sounded awfully complicated it isn't really the column of water drops so one valve opens by gravity the column pushes it back bulk it is entrapped by this little toggle arrangement and it then lets the other velvet schumacher's kind of machine can now be found all over the world they pump water trade eggs or warm
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houses they make man's life easier but they do not deprive them of work they do not rob him of dignity they do not strip him of natural resource so the wind pressure tries to force the roads out of the wind spring holds the rotary to the wind and the wind pressure on the roads are have got large enough the controlled speed at which you want the roads to bill spring is no longer strong enough to hold the road it will actually pull it out at the wind Schumacher believes that technology is good where it is
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appropriate his motorized wheelbarrow for example is appropriate for a 67 year old man with a bad back but the modern technological explosion he maintained has grown out of all proportion to human need man has created a Frankenstein monster and he has come to worship this perversion of God children are brought up that what they really admire are all sorts of mechanical contraptions and if
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they hear for the first time a statement like a rocket that takes you to the moon is very very crude compared with this mosquito or that hen I think you're teasing them has never occurred to them to look at it this way hello so they've got everything upside down we what we can fully understand that what we can
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make ourselves we don't have to have any reverence for we can replicate it but what we can't make that we have to treat as a as a marvel as the marvel the miracle it is I first met free to marker at a Buddhist monastery near San Francisco I think that's symbolic of the paradox and the contradiction that often flows
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from his ideas but also the Governor Jerry Brown California where bigger has always been better and what struck me both about his ideas and about himself was really the utter simplicity that was contained that was expressed it is a paradox that in a state as big and as prosperous and his growth oriented as
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California the notion of small of intermediate technology would catch on with the enthusiasm that it has George McRobbie is the chief bearer of the Schumacher message he carries it to Siamese farmers African Kings British Columbian businessman but he always comes home to feed his compost tea that's how it breaks down here we've got a pair of old bullet closers anything that's ever grown can go back into
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compost so if it was newspaper or provided it's being organic in its time you can put it back into the compost and it'll little break down again Mike how long does it take to break the pants down what that would take well depends what you put on top but this that we should be consumed within about a couple of months his little office in London is dedicated to the proposition that any intelligent fool can make things bigger and more complex but it takes a touch of genius and a lot of courage to move in the
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opposite direction trip to the nether who took to Winnipeg McRobbie and Schumacher as a champions of low technology both babes they point out that examples of high technology now lie in ruins across Asia and Africa people know where in these offices would you find the plans for the elephant canning factory that had to close down when they discovered that hardly anybody wanted to eat elephant and fewer still wanted to
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put them in cans nowhere on these shelves will you find the plans for the plastic shoe factory that made 40 people rich and put 5,000 shoe makers out of business these well-meaning schemes to elevate the third world sprang from the brightest brains of the great industrial nations these very very clever people are a trial and I tend to be impatient
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with them which doesn't help I accuse many of my fellow economists as some rearranging with great acumen rearranging the deck chairs on the Titanic you see and I wish they would at least do something with their hands to get a real feel of things again if if they comment and turn real-life situations into mathematics all the life
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is taken out of it there I find a great trial to many of our academics have got stuck with a comp with a concept the buddhists say buddhism is a finger pointing at the moon for goodness sakes study the moon not the finger that's very difficult to achieve a simple answer a question like what do people want out of life which is as it is with all great new ideas Schumacher's teachings have spawned a bewildering proliferation of conferences
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meetings and workshops they aim at getting the world back on a human scale but the disciples must constantly be on guard against creating their own academic swamp and so on I came across one paper here it was in the path but called socially actionable consensus happiness requisites somebody said something about Jharkand cutting through all the high-flown theory is a single terrifying realization we now produce as many manufactured goods in each 4-year
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period as all of mankind produced from the dawn of history until 1945 and yet there are more miserable people on earth than ever before gross national product is the conventional measuring stick of the economist in the name of gross national product seshu Macker modern man will resort to any degree of technological violence and human degradation although Schumacher addressed himself originally to the mismanagement of the
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developing nations it soon became evident that he was speaking to all of mankind in Newfoundland where Schumacher's teachings were first embraced the best and the worst of the technological age are readily apparent the Urkel plant at Long Harbor on Placentia Bay the Ergo plant takes phosphate rock from Florida and coke from Germany and creates elemental phosphorus it is a job so dirty that few
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communities will let it take place after the first year the herring catch had to be destroyed because the herring had turned red then they saw that the trees turn black and died and then there were the stories of mutant rabbits a dentist comes once a week because the phosphorus can endanger the bone structure of the worker
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the slag which is sold to the local people for fill has been found to be radioactive it has been decided that from time to time it will take urine samples from the children this is high
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technology it feeds only 425 families and it uses as much power as it takes to light up the city of st. John's itself most of the energy we require is quite gentle energy a very high percentage of all energy required is less than hundred degrees Celsius why then start off with a nuclear reaction which has a million degrees in order finally to get 30 degrees room
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temperature how is it that our ancestors created all this tremendous culture these fantastic cathedrals when GNP gross national product was a tiny fraction of what it is now and now the richer allegedly we get we find it an intolerable strain even to keep these cathedrals in repair how did they do it they did it with minimal technology and
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then you notice all sorts of things that we have mesmerised ourselves with our technology and for instance if you want to build anything even a small Hut you need Portland cement and Portland cement can only be made in very large factories with very high capital equipment very great fuel input and then perhaps you wake up and say a hundred years ago cotton cement didn't exist and I built all these cathedrals
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and and the Taj Mahal and so on without Portland cement you 39 miles from the Ergo plant the abandoned oil refinery had come by chance when it opened they chartered the liner Queen Elizabeth to christen the new port and she was followed by the Japanese oil tankers longer than the town itself and come by chance was bright with promise well what's jinkin beer down Karen er1
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turned bad job manpower Sam achieve a despair but I didn't like it out there so there's a chance in come by chance hope there's a chance out there hope there's a chance in come my chances I don't wanna go to Labrador well he white from the kids we wrote the saint chance good fifty split-level bungalows were built for executives but by the time they were finished there was nothing left to be an executive up Oh a chance out there hope is a chance income a chance I don't
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wanna go to lavender just quiet closed down depends on who you talk to whether it was the world price of oil mismanagement or worse it was totally out of the hands of the people of come by chance the bankruptcy receivers keep a little oil in the pipes in case anybody wants to buy it it'll cost five hundred and thirty five million dollars to get it going again Wow oh there's a chance it come by chance look the chance out there oh there's a
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chance income my chances I don't wanna go to church of all's there is however a place for technology income by chance that's the talking stage boy we're into the nuts and bolts of this now I'm getting on with it what are you doing how's it going well we've got it on paper now down or the better part that I suppose but what we're hoping to accomplish right now a professional fisherman has to make mm hook before he goes fishing and nobody has ever figured
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out a way of doing it except by hand Don Andrews thinks he's getting close so that we can break this hook through the hook we'll be controlling the timing through the spokes right uh right bring it on through yeah now with this here in motion the same time Schumaker didn't invent small-scale technology it started with the wheel exactly I agreed with his theory naturally or an outlander and agreed with mine because
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I've been thriving all my life to take the slavery and the drudgery out of the old-fashioned fish making everybody getting out on the flakes picking them up one by one putting them in piles and covering all over and pile in stacks on the flake which was killing labor youngsters oldsters and everything else and there's no wonder the people left the fishery at that time because it was drudgery Don Andrews roll out fish flake is a
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nice piece of low technology the sight to gladden shoemaker's heart and so is the sight of an age old screw press which is still the best way to get caught in a box all of this is fine for a box of fish but what about things like the motorcar the assembly line may be efficient seshu Macker but it may also be dehumanizing but if that's the case say the high priests of Technology how come a group of Auto Workers turned
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down a chance to make cars in small individual teams you can buy my body said one worker but you're not going to buy my mind well I think it's very worrying if you get an increasing percentage of mankind becoming so uninterpreted and passive what's happened to them I don't notice the children are born that way so they're conditioned into this passivity but that shows a very very
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serious degeneration of the human race which some eye means I think will also mean at this integration of society so in the advanced societies I am personally quite certain that the overall policy after a hundred years of these skinning the work must be very skilled so that it becomes a fun something you could be proud of where
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you can go home and say I'm a real person I've done a real job I'm not just a mist machine mind oh I think about three in the afternoon Schumacher gets 20 invitations a week on a recent trip to the States he gave 44 lectures 60,000 people came to listen thousands more had to be turned away
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yeah I'll give you the precise time he is 67 years old and weary of traveling when he got home from the last trip his legs had become so badly swollen that he had to be carried off the plane yes 1530 there are many visitors the former President of Mexico echeverria arrives with his entourage from London Jules
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earlier video over the phone it's a pleasure to meet you it's a place of review Macker book small is beautiful has been translated into 15 languages a niche of area as well I hope my little book for now appear in Spanish ok Italian what is the you remember the house ok they do the Italian Edition has just appeared in Italian our smallest beautiful sounds good but you'll piccolo a bellow sounds even better difficut
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began yo ear muscles when I want it open or piccolo in Italian oh well one of our people Harry Dickinson hims yes I'm getting his report Falls oh yes he canceled his echeverria is looking for something to do is just tried and failed become Secretary General of the United Nations now he's trying to become head of the third world and Schumacher's support is very important maybe you know that he proposed to the United Nations
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in the name of Mexico the Charter of economic rights and duties of the States in a really me Louis incident arose in April of 1972 these ideas have been a producer who have been approved for the international community I have one nothing good about - what is this is the charter of a kilo in France is not English we have it in Spanish we have another English text here we can send you one thing that is a trivial things and these things do some if you got married dress hey if I may and when we
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get the usual we can yes yes I think you know everyone works for the poor one has to work genomically since I can't read the target Ernest and I only Kleiza cannot wear ladies that can expect any money but here what is it I feel he wants to give it to you in a Spanish speak anyway you may not know what - well not I wanna son diferentes tip of the arrow bullets well not kill give me one soon as progress what kind of no Gallagher not that's us it's noisy see Schumacher spent three
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years as a farm workers and this he once said was his real University he has planted a Grove of nut trees on his property in the South of England it is perhaps his greatest pride his bequest to future generations of Schumacher's I approaching than which my Santa skill tree as well it's one of the most important things I'm not joking he has an abiding faith in family life economists talk about mobility as a wonderful things well maybe it means
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rootlessness maybe it means certain you don't belong anywhere I have myself a very great need for roots his first wife died he remarried he has six children the oldest is 40 the youngest is two it is the 18th of May 1977 three and a half months from now while on a train in Switzerland Ernst Friedrich Schumacher will suffer a massive heart attack
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you Oh God you have called your son Ernst Friedrich from this life father of all mercy fulfill his faith and hope in you and lead him safely home to heaven to be happy with you forever we ask this through our Lord Jesus Christ your son who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit one God for
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ever and ever you

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