Suez Crisis Part 2 of 2

Suez Crisis Part 2 of 2

SUBTITLE'S INFO:

Language: English

Type: Robot

Number of phrases: 234

Number of words: 1391

Number of symbols: 6866

DOWNLOAD SUBTITLES:

DOWNLOAD AUDIO AND VIDEO:

SUBTITLES:

Subtitles generated by robot
00:00
in July 1956 Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser announced the nationalization of the Suez Canal Company Egyptians would take charge of this vital strategic waterway connecting Europe to Asia with immediate effect Britain and France relied on the canal route for their vital supplies of Middle East oil which fueled their economies in their eyes NASA was a
00:32
threat a dictator intent on uniting the Arab world against them destroying their influence in the Middle East and North Africa and using control of the canal as a weapon against them secretly Britain and France agreed to force regime change on Egypt a joint military intervention to depose NASA and reassert their standing as global powers but it was not Britain or France that
01:26
struck first against NASA it was Israel on the 29th of October Israeli paratroopers landed in the Egyptian Sinai seizing the strategic Mitla pass and paving the way for an invasion by ground forces at the UN Israel insisted it was acting in self-defense against raids by Palestinian fighters known as Fedayeen operating from bases in Gaza and Sinai
02:04
to wipe out the bases in the Sinai wilderness from which murder and death and destruction are launched but there were no Fedayeen bases in Sinai Britain and France aiming to be acting on behalf of the international community issued an ultimatum to both sides stop fighting within 12 hours and withdraw all forces 10 miles from the Suez Canal or they would intervene to
02:34
enforce compliance Egypt was effectively being told to abandon the Sinai and the canal Israel accepted the terms NASA refused so on the 31st of October British and French aircraft taking off from carriers in the Mediterranean and bases in Cyprus and Malta began bombing Egyptian airfields air defenses and infrastructure
03:18
but not all was as it seemed Israeli Prime Minister David ben-gurion had been considering an attack on Egypt for many months he was encouraged by Moshe Dayan the hawkish commander of Israel's armed forces NASA like all leaders of Arab States did not view the new Jewish state as legitimate now receiving modern weapons from Czechoslovakia he was seen
03:52
as a potential threat to Israel's survival they were also determined to end Egypt's blockade of the Straits of Tiran which prevented Israeli access to the Red Sea and limited opportunities for trade France wanted to ally with the Israelis to get rid of NASA but British prime minister Sir Anthony Eden was anxious about being seen as the aggressor so the
04:22
French came up with an idea at seven near Paris representatives of Britain France and Israel met in secret to plan a war Israel would invade Egypt about in Britain and France posing as peacemakers to issue an ultimatum they knew only Israel would accept then claiming to be acting to safeguard the canal they would invade Egypt and
04:54
overthrow NASA though they had no real plan for what to do once he was gone it would take years for the full details of this conspiracy to emerge on the 5th of November after a week of bombing and with Israeli troops winning the battle in Sinai British and French paratroopers were dropped onto targets around portside and fought Fouad at the mouth of the Suez
05:28
Canal once on the ground they quickly seized Egyptian airfields and key infrastructure the next morning under cover of airstrikes in naval bombardment British and French landings began fierce street fighting raged throughout the day but the Egyptians were massively outgunned and it proved a one-sided contest around 600 Egyptian soldiers and
06:14
police were killed British and French deaths total just 26 Egyptian civilians suffered most up to 1000 lost their lives with many more left homeless by air raids and shelling by the end of the day the British and French were in control but they couldn't prevent the Egyptians sabotaging the Suez Canal itself they sank ships in its narrow channel locking
06:54
the canal and putting it out of action for several months it wasn't hard to see that the British French and Israelis were working together and at the United Nations world opinion quickly turned against them for once the US and Soviet Union were united in condemnation a typically animated Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev even threatened to fire rockets at Paris and
07:38
London President Eisenhower thought the invasion had no moral or legal justification but he was furious with his British ally for going behind his back as it is the manifest right of any
08:13
of these nations to take such decisions and actions it is likewise our right if our judgement so dicta for we do not accept the use of force as allies or a proper instrument for the settlement of international disputes Eisenhower wanted international attention focused on Hungary where Soviet troops were at that moment brutally crushing a popular uprising instead Britain and Frances reckless intervention was likely to push Arab
08:53
states closer to the Soviet Union in the UN Security Council Britain and France used their veto to block resolutions that criticized Israel's attack on Egypt or their own intervention but with both world superpowers condemning their attack they now faced a vote in the General Assembly and the threat of UN sanctions Britain's economy had been fragile before the crisis began
09:32
now market fears caused the British currency to crash threatening economic disaster only a massive loan from the International Monetary Fund could save person but Eisenhower blocked any IMF aid until Britain agreed to a un-backed ceasefire in Egypt Eden facing growing opposition abroad at home and from within his own government had few options just two days after
10:06
British troops landed in Egypt they announced a ceasefire the French abandoned by their ally had no choice but to follow suit within days the UN's first major peacekeeping operation got underway as Danish UN troops arrived in Egypt to take over from the British and French as they packed up and reembarked on their landing ships to return home it was officially job well done but in
10:52
truth Suez had been a humiliating fiasco the political leadership had been reckless the military objectives confused and as soon as international pressure had mounted up the British had had no option but to abort the entire mission that winter under intense American pressure Israeli forces also withdrew from Sinai the suez crisis forced Britain and France to accept that they were now
11:32
second ranked powers no longer could they act as they wished on the world stage without first considering the view of the United States the lesson taken by the British was never again to jeopardize their so-called special relationship with America for France the lesson was that Britain and America were unreliable allies and their interests were better served by closer ties with in Europe Israel
12:10
achieved some objectives including the opening of the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping but with NASA still in power future conflict with Egypt and its other Arab neighbors was almost certain the Sinai war proved to be a precursor to the far more decisive six-day war fought a decade later British Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden career and health were ruined he resigned but not before lying to
12:45
Parliament about his knowledge of the secret deal with Israel president NASA fated as the hero of the Arab world for having stood up to European imperialists had in reality been saved by US and UN intervention but his modernizing reforms championing of the Arab cause and opposition to foreign intervention mean his memory is still revered by Arabs across the Middle East
13:36
the impact of the suez crisis on America was perhaps the most far-reaching the collapse of British and French prestige amongst Arab nations meant the US would now take the lead in countering Soviet expansion in the Middle East and securing the West's oil supplies the Suez Crisis would accelerate u.s. involvement in this volatile region the consequences would stretch well into the 21st century
14:28
join the ranks of our brilliant patreon supporters like these and get perks including early access to new videos exclusive updates and a vote on what we do next any contribution is a huge help and makes sure epic history TV can continue making history videos thank you for watching you

DOWNLOAD SUBTITLES: