Learn English Tenses: FUTURE – “will” or “going to”?

Learn English Tenses: FUTURE – “will” or “going to”?

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Language: English

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Number of phrases: 460

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00:00
in this lesson you'll learn the difference between using will and going to both of these are used to talk about the future but they have slightly different meaning now this lesson is part of the series on English verb tenses created by Ingvild to help you improve your English fluency now I have created lessons separate individual lessons on will which is the future simple and ongoing - and maybe
00:31
you have watched these and if you have that's great this will be a wonderful review and a way for you to understand the differences more clearly and if you have not watched the individual lessons that's also absolutely fine you can watch this lesson now and this will give you a wonderful overview and then you can go and watch the individual lessons alright so let's get started so when we talking about the future we're talking
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about anytime after now right not the past not the present anytime after now and we can think about the future in many different ways in English and we have many different tenses and expressions that we use to talk about the future but let's focus on these basic ways so how do you know which one to use you can think about it in a few ways first think
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is the situation formal or informal because when you separate it like that it will help you to understand which one to use so if the situation is formal it's a formal official business situation or academic situation or even a social situation alright formal and official means that you don't know the people at all or you know the people very well that you're speaking to or you don't know them very well the ones
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you're speaking to or the ones you're writing to that will be more formal if that's the case then you should always use we'll all right it's easy it doesn't matter about anything else if it's more formal use will which is in fact our future simple it's also called the future simple tense now if it's informal you have a few choices so let's understand what that is so if it's an informal situation more casual more
02:35
friendly with people that you know alright then you have to think a little bit further is the situation that you're talking about something that you planned in advance or something that is not planned that is unplanned what does that mean you know for example if I need to see the doctor I usually can't just walk in I need to make an appointment and something like that right so this is something that's planned or if I'm going
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to travel somewhere I need to make the travel arrangements make a reservation buy the ticket these are things that are planned in advance right and unplanned just means that you didn't plan it before you just sort of decided at that moment to do something let's look at an example so if it's planned first of all you're going to use going to and if it's unplanned you'll use will or you'll use a contraction with will so our example
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is this let's say you're at work and you see your colleague getting up and he's going somewhere and you say hey John where are you going and he says I'm going to get some coffee now John has a plan he got up for a reason why to go and get some coffee so it was planned so he says I'm going to get right going to this is our planned option right and then you say oh you
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know what I'll get some too so you say okay I'll get some too was your decision planned in advance no you just asked him he was going to get coffee and you say oh ok I'll get some too so this is an example of the unplanned one alright now to understand a little more clearly the formal one ok let's look at this example it's an announcement for
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example at a conference ladies and gentlemen we will begin the conference at nine o'clock we will we will begin right it's very official and they're talking to maybe hundreds of people or thousands of people it's a little more formal so that's the formal one but here we used either going to or we used will for planned or unplanned events now let's take a quick look at the structure
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of will and going to so basically here we are taking the subject i you we they etc we're taking the word will and then the base form of the verb that's it for example I will work you will work we will work they will work he will work she will work and it will work ok that's
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when it's formal in you're using the full form but most of the time if it's informal then we don't say all of that we use a contraction we say aisle instead of I will I'll work you'll work will work they'll work he'll work she'll work and it'll work all right now if we want to make it
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negative like any negative we usually add the word not I will not work tomorrow or if you want to shorten it what would become won't not will not I will not as the full form okay I will not you will not work etc but when you shorten it you use this key word won't so will not become won't for example he won't work all right
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she won't work make sure you're pronouncing it correctly also and a question in this using in this future simple tense right with will we would say will he work will they work will she work all right we're changing the order and of course this is just a quick overview in the lesson that I have which is all about future simple it's a full class on that and you'll learn exactly in the positive sentence and the
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negative sentence in the question and all of the forms you'll also have more time to practice pronouncing each of these ok but this is the quick overview now if we're using going to then what do we do we have the subject i you we they we have the verb to be I am you are then we have going to just as an expression just put it in there you don't have to change it and then last we have the verb
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in its base form okay so in real in reality it will sound like this I'm going to now here because going to is the informal version you don't really need to say I am going to work tomorrow you can just say I'm going to work which is the contraction which is what we use in informal conversation just like here we use aisle here we use I'm alright so these would sound like this I'm going to
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work you're going to we're going to work tomorrow they're going to work he's going to work she's going to work and it's going to work alright that's the basic structure now if you want to make it negative again we're going to add the word not but you could put it you could do it in two ways okay with I'm it's just I'm not going to
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work that's it there's nothing else you can do with these others you can't contract them in different ways so one way is to say the not right you could say you're not going to work or you could say you aren't going to work all right so the easy way is to just put the knot there hey if you're not sure of how this works just say you're not going to work he's not going to work they're not going to work all right knot will always create that negative
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for you but be aware that people will be using another form as well and you can once you're comfortable with it and it's like that you aren't we aren't they aren't or if it's for these three you could say he's not going to work that original form or you could say he isn't going to work okay so those are some options that you have when you're
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speaking and the question would be again you're reversing the order so you say is he going to work tomorrow okay so this is the basic structure that you have to keep in mind if you know it well that's great if you need review then as I said watch the individual lessons afterwards so you really understand exactly how to use it how to write it how to say it without making any mistakes now let's look at when to use going to and we'll in a little more detail you already know
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that if it's a formal situation then of course we use which one we use will but if it's informal let's look at some of the points to keep in mind the most important point you've already learned is it something planned or something unplanned right that's the key but let's look in a little more detail so on this side is going to and on this side is everything with will so just look at the main
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points with going to we talked about planned things with will unplanned with going to something is certain with will it's uncertain with going to something is already decided with will you just decided at that moment with going to
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again it's certain but with will it's possible okay so let's understand these first in a little more detail so an example of planned is I'm going to call Jim at three it's in my it's on the agenda it's in my diary I have to call him at three it's a planned activity okay but an example of the unplanned one let's say it somebody tells you Oh while you were out Jim called you so you
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say okay I'll call him in a few minutes you just decided that you didn't have it as part of your plan for the day it just happened it was an unplanned thing okay next an example of something certain we're going to visit Spain next month if you're going to travel you need to make reservations buy your tickets pay the money all that right so this is certain we're going to visit Spain next month we've made the necessary arrangements an
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example of uncertain will probably visit Spain next month but we're not sure yet okay so you see here it's real probably right and here I'll call him here I'm going to do this we're going to visit Spain okay you see that going to and will appearing in each case next if something is already decided which is really another way of saying what it's planned right these are
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just different ways and in many of the the textbooks you will see sometimes long lists which explain which ones you use when I don't think you need to think about it in that much detail if it helps you great but I've tried to bring it down to the few basic points that you need to understand to make this choice and really it's up here in the planned and unplanned this is just a little more detail to help you really get it okay so if something has already decided you
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could say I'm going to have lunch at noon it's in the diary you've scheduled it because after that you have a meeting okay so you have already decided but here just decided in the sense that at this moment so you say you know what I'm kind of hungry I think I'll have lunch now okay so you just decided at that moment it wasn't part of something you had already decided next when something
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is certain for example he's going to get the test results today because today is the 15th and they said that all of the math exam results are expected today so he's going to get the test results today all right that's something certain or on this side with will it's possible I believe he'll pass the test I don't know he's supposed to get the results he's a pretty good student I believe he'll pass the test but it's possible
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okay we don't know for sure here we know for sure okay so these are some of the points to keep in mind when you have to choose this one or that one but there is one situation in particular where you could use either one all right and that's when you're predicting something you're making a prediction you're saying what you think will happen or what someone says will happen for example The Weather Channel says
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it's going to snow tomorrow right it's going to snow you could say that or you could just as well say The Weather Channel says it'll snow tomorrow it'll snow it will snow tomorrow okay so for predictions you could actually use either one and another thing to keep in mind it's wonderful that you're learning these differences because they can make a big difference all right - exactly communicating the message you
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want to communicate about whether something is planned or not but don't panic over it okay take it easy because whether you say going - or whether you say we'll both of them refer to the future so definitely nobody is going to think that you're talking about the past so they will understand you're talking about the future but of course if you want to communicate more fluently and in a more advanced level before your exam
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or when you're writing a report or making a presentation then you want to be more precise and that's why we are going into this in a little more detail now let's look at a special situation where you could actually use both going to and will in the same sentence let's see how it works so let's suppose that your friend asks you what are you doing tonight and there are some things that you're going to do tonight which you are sure of you have a plan you're certain
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you've decided and there are some other things which you're unsure about you haven't decided yet you're not certain you don't have the plan yet it's possible these are certain right so you could say something like this I'm going to study for my exam you know that you have a plan and then maybe uncertain and then maybe I'll watch a show okay
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let's read that again I'm going to study for my exam and then maybe I'll watch a show so this person has something which is sure studying for the exam and something which is unsure and that uncertain part is indicated in two ways with the word maybe right we don't know for sure and with Eyal okay okay see here I'll watch and we see here going to study I'm going to study okay
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so it's possible that in one sentence you have both because you have something that's planned and something unplanned it still comes down to that basic planned unplanned difference okay let's look at one more example so let's say you are planning a trip and your friend asks you so what are you doing tonight and you have some plans and some things you're not sure about so you say I'm going to pack my suitcases this is a plan and then maybe I'll meet some
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friends for dinner okay so again we have here I'll meet maybe I'll meet so we have this combination of shore and unsure let's read it one last time I'm going to pack my suitcases and then maybe I'll meet some friends for dinner okay so again you could see this combination and maybe right now you can ask yourself or if I ask you what are you doing tonight tell me something you've know for sure
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and tell me something you're not sure about okay and one last point did you notice that in this question I said what are you doing tonight so that is the other way that we have using the present continuous for the future all right which is again something that I've covered in the individual lesson on going to and present continuous now let's practice what you've learned so remember you're either going to use
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going to or will so the first one is something certain I work on Friday what would you say I'm going to work on Friday because it's certain the second one is uncertain maybe I something work on Friday what should it be
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maybe I'll work on Friday okay all right good number two number three here something is decided already so he blank study medicine what should it be he's going to study medicine and number four it's not decided yet
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it's undecided he blank study law or medicine what will that be he'll cousin he will he will study law or medicine because it's still undecided okay all right number five something unplanned they blank probably get married it's unplanned not planned yet so what
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would we say they'll they'll probably get married but now in number six it's planned so what do we say now they blank get married what would it be they're going to get married okay very nice number seven this is formal
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the prime minister Blanc arrived at 8:00 which one will it be the Prime Minister will arrive at 8:00 because this is formal number eight is informal so what would we say here my friend blank come over at 8:00 my friend is or you could
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say my friend's going to come over at 8:00 okay so it would be like this it's one friend so that would be friend ' yes all right now number nine and number ten are both predictions so what happens there do you remember so with predictions we could say either one so number nine she Blanc win the election so we could
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say she's going to win the election or here also she win the election we could say she'll win the election as in she will win the election so whether it's if it's a prediction you can use either going to or we'll all right so I hope this review helped you to reinforce what you've been learning and where can you go from here if you'd like to do a little more review on each of these on
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the going to on the will then you can go and watch the individual lessons ok the individual classes because this is all part of a series of English tenses alright so watch the individual class on each of these if you feel you want to know it clearly had more in detail and if you feel comfortable with that then you can go on whenever you're ready to the next tense in this series which is which one the future continuous tense
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because here we started with future simple now we're moving to future continuous and if you'd like to do a little more practice on this you can go to Ingrid to do a quiz so thanks for watching and all the best with your English

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