Apartheid Explained

Apartheid Explained

SUBTITLE'S INFO:

Language: English

Type: Robot

Number of phrases: 90

Number of words: 445

Number of symbols: 2308

DOWNLOAD SUBTITLES:

DOWNLOAD AUDIO AND VIDEO:

SUBTITLES:

Subtitles generated by robot
00:00
nelson mandela became south africa's first democratically elected president in 1994. it was the official end of white minority rule otherwise known as apartheid apartheid you've heard of it but what exactly was it i'm francesca fiorentini and this is aj plus apartheid is an afrikaans word that means separateness it was a system of racial segregation that governed south africa for nearly 50 years it specifically aimed to protect the domination of the white south africans
00:34
over non-whites in every aspect of life but it didn't just appear out of thin air during the colonial grab for the country between the dutch descended afrikaners and the british the rights of native black south africans were sidelined so when apartheid was officially made law in 1948 by the afrikaner-led national party it was a continuation of injustices already happening afrikaners believed that south africa was their god-given homeland and that the white race was superior the black majority was therefore seen as a threat there were 148
01:07
apartheid laws blacks had to carry id permits at all times and had to obey strict curfews public facilities were separated for white and non-white use and marriages between whites and other races were banned people were classified into four racial categories white black indian and colored people of mixed race and they were all separated into different residential areas blacks were divided into 10 so-called homelands based on tribal groups
01:37
homelands were rural overcrowded and lack jobs forcing blacks to seek work as migrant laborers wages were low and it was illegal for workers to strike see apartheid was also economically motivated a cheap workforce was needed particularly to work in the country's gold mines powerful mining magnets had a huge stake in apartheid policies since their profits depended on keeping black wages low outside their designated homelands non-whites had no political rights since they were not technically citizens they couldn't vote
02:08
education also divided the state set up a separate education system for blacks that received a fraction of the funding that white schools did mandatory education ended at age 13 and was structured to funnel blacks into menial migrant labor exploitation by design needless to say there was resistance to these insane laws protests were often led by black students and youth and were met with severe repression out of these struggles came leaders like nelson mandela oliver tombow and walter susulu who would help bring an eventual
02:39
end to apartheid so now that you know what apartheid was could you imagine living under it are there any similarly unjust laws that still exist where you live leave us your comments below peace and reconciliation

DOWNLOAD SUBTITLES: