History of Egyptian Medicine

History of Egyptian Medicine

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Language: English

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our today's topic of discussion as Egyptian medicine Egypt had one of the oldest civilizations in about 2000 BC a lot is known about ancient Egypt because they invented picture writing and recorded their doings on papyrus in Egyptian times the art of medicine was mingled with religion Egyptian physicians were co-equals of priests trained in schools within the temples they often helped priests care for the sick who were brought to the temples for treatment there were no practical demonstrations in anatomy for Egyptian
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religion and joined strict preservation of the human body Egyptian medicine reached its peak in the days of Imhotep 2800 BC who was famous as a statesman architect builder of the Step Pyramid at Saqqara and physician the Egyptians worshipped many gods Imhotep was considered both a doctor and divinity specialization prevailed in Egyptian times there were eye doctors head doctors and tooth doctors all these doctors were officials paid by the state Homer speaking of the
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doctors of the ancient world considered the Egyptians to be that the best of all Egyptian medicine was far from primitive they believed that disease was due to absorption from the intestine of harmful substances which gave rise to putrefaction of blood and formation of pus they believed that the pulse was the speech of the heart diseases were treated with cathartics enema bloodletting in a wide range of drugs the best known medical manuscripts belonging to the Egyptian times are the Edwin Smith papyrus 3,000 to 500 BC and
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the Evers papyrus 1150 BC the Edwin Smith papyrus the oldest treatise on surgery accurately describes partial paralysis following cerebral lesions in skull fractures the Evers papyrus which was found with a mummy on the banks of the Nile is a unique record of some 800 prescriptions based on some 700 drugs castor oil tannic acid opium turpentine gentian Senna minerals and root drugs were all used by the Egyptian physicians a great number of diseases are reported
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in the papyrus such as worms eye diseases diabetes rheumatism polio and schistosomiasis unfortunately these ailments are still present in modern Egypt in the realm of Public Health also the Egyptians Excel they built planned cities public baths and underground drains which even the modern might envy they had also some knowledge of inoculation against smallpox the value of mosquito nets and the association of plague with rats their God of Health was Horus Egyptian
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medicine occupied a dominant place in the ancient world for about 2,500 years when it was replaced by Greek medicine

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