The TRUTH about Chivalry and the Knight

The TRUTH about Chivalry and the Knight

SUBTITLE'S INFO:

Language: English

Type: Robot

Number of phrases: 401

Number of words: 2658

Number of symbols: 12475

DOWNLOAD SUBTITLES:

DOWNLOAD AUDIO AND VIDEO:

SUBTITLES:

Subtitles generated by robot
00:02
greetings I'm shad and I have found that chivalry the Knights noble code of conduct is something that is very misunderstood and this is largely due to a more popularized romanticized form of the night and of chivalry that has been propagated in movies pop culture TV shows and even novels and so the fact that many people misunderstand chivalry
00:33
is not necessarily their fault but it doesn't change the fact that the chivalry that most people think of when they think of chivalry is actually quite incorrect and I myself have propagated this inaccurate understanding of chivalry by my very introduction because I called it the knight noble code of conduct well who said that chivalry was noble and if you do think that the Knights code of conduct was noble well
01:05
what is your definition of noble as well but the real question should be what was the medieval definition of noble but more importantly what was the medieval definition of chivalry because chivalry is an old word and it was a word used very much in a medieval period to describe Knights but how did they use it what is true chivalry in its correct medieval context first of all codes of conduct existed
01:36
before the medieval period such as the noble habitus or habitus indeed nearly all leaders of armies had expectations on how their soldiers fought and behaved as well as the expectations the soldiers had on themselves such as loyalty bravery and camaraderie now I honestly don't feel a man needs to be taught those ideals to necessarily know them any leader of soldiers would hope their men would have these traits and thus these warrior codes appear in many
02:09
cultures completely independently to one another sorry in other words these kind of warrior codes of conduct arise naturally out of the desires and expectations the leaders and the soldiers have upon themselves they want to be good soldiers now of course Knights were expected to show these traits but did the concept of chivalry evolve out of these previous warrior codes well the actual answer is
02:39
no because in its true form chivalry can't be summarized into a single code no one ever took these older warrior codes and decided let's update them and adapt them to our Knights and call it chivalry that never happened and even if there ever was a historical version of chivalry that was written out as a list of tenants that a knight was sworn to follow I have never seen or found it in my research but even if there was that
03:10
list would never have been universally accepted by all Knights and indeed there would be at least one tenant on it if not more that contradicted the chivalry followed by many other nights and it would be utterly ridiculous to them that that list described true chivalry this is why chivalry differs from actual warrior code now when Knights sworn to follow chivalry yes not in the early years of knighthood but eventually yes
03:40
but what was chivalry what were they actually sworn to follow because knighthood and chivalry are inextricably linked and I'll explain why they are linked because you actually cannot separate the two so what is chivalry well to understand this we need to go back to its very first concept which requires an understanding of the origins of the night the first concept of a knight was a warrior who fought atop a horse now
04:10
warriors fought atop horses before but during this time a new innovation brought the horse into a more direct role on the battlefield and that was the stirrup with the stirrup a man could brace his whole weight against the horse and deliver far more power Oh blows and ever before while not risking being dismounted himself attacks like this could burst through mail and knock aside shields thus was born impact
04:41
warfare the mounted charge you did not want to get caught in the crosshairs of one of these mounted charges because it was in most cases a death sentence as wonderful as mail was it could do nothing against a Lance from on horseback but to equip a man so he could engage in this devastating style of warfare was no small feat fundamentally it required a properly trained horse
05:12
very expensive by itself which needed to be fed and maintained not to mention the weapons and armor the warrior would need a servant could assist with the additional maintenance of such a warrior and these servants became known eventually as Squires but this too caught on even more resources to clothe feed and arm these helpful servants thus from the beginning this new type of warrior came from the social elite for
05:43
you needed a certain level of wealth to even become one of these new warriors of course another way of becoming one of these new mounted warriors was to be given the horse arms and servant by someone far more wealthy these newly mounted soldiers would then enter into a contract or bond with these Lords serving them from that time on often living under his roof and thereby becoming one of the social elite through
06:15
association a common word for servant or bondsman in this period was connecte which came to be spoken as Knight so these Knights were instantly on a higher status than the regular soldier due to more expensive arms social position and style of combat and these juggernauts of destruction stood out quite a bit on the battlefield for their style of combat was far are different to any other type of mounted combat that came before thus the
06:48
way one described these warriors was invariably connected with the way they fought which was their unique style of horsemanship which was again the very first distinguishing feature in what a knight was the word for horse in French is Chevelle and remember that most of English nobility spoke French for the majority of the Middle Ages heck most of the English nobility of the Middle Ages were French so on top of this word
07:20
connect which then became night there was another word that was used in describing this new breed of warriors and the word Chevelle was of course included the word was Chevalier which is the French word for Knight and it means Horseman and so the concept of a knight a Chevalier was a warrior who was bonded and a servant but also a horseman and in French they were called a Chevalier and chivalry was their craft which means
07:53
horse soldier II which came to be known as chivalry so a Chevalier was a warrior who practice chivalry or chivalry meaning horse soldier II this is the origin of the word chivalry and it is a description of what a night did they fought from horseback now this word chivalry instead of keeping its direct meaning which is a warrior on
08:23
horseback instead adopted the function that the word was serving what was that function it was describing what a night did not what he shouldn't do so do we see the evolution here when someone would say to a knight I hope you hold to chivalry they were first saying I hope your horsemanship will be good and you will be a good night and this term was then used in that context more and more
08:54
be good at chivalry this night is most chivalrous and so a night would want to be very chivalrous because he wanted to be good at his craft but then it also started to mean every other way in which a night would be good good at fighting with a sword showing courage and bravery loyalty to one's ward and then when people would be saying to their knight I hope you shall be surest they're no longer just saying I hope you're going
09:25
to be good on a horse they're saying I hope you will be brave noble loyal a good warrior in its historical context chivalry quickly became the descriptive term for how a knight behaved and a term that encapsulated the best qualities any individual person would hope their Knights would possess now what were those qualities well that largely depended on what people wanted out of
09:56
their Knights you see chivalry meant different things to different people and indeed different Knights because in its historical context chivalry is a descriptive phrase completely subjective upon the views of the person using it the courtly minded person might expect Knights to adhere to strict manners amongst peers poised and respectful curtesy and thus to them chivalry meaning the descriptive phrase that represents the qualities that a knight should possess and work towards developing would incorporate these
10:28
concepts even though to another person they might not incorporate these concepts at all that peace-loving person would want Knights to show appropriate restraint reluctance in shedding blood mercy upon a surrendered enemy and Fairplay in combats to the conflict loving warmonger chivalry can be quite the opposite and demand the immediate martial response to even the smallest slight or insult and to never show mercy upon the guilty doling out swift and immediate justice
11:00
for religious minded folks chivalry the way they hoped or wanted knight to act especially those Knights who served them could mean serving the church waging just unrighteous wars unwavering faith dedication to God in His commandments and to recover the holy places from the infidels to the lover of romance and poets chivalry was the attainment of virtue and glory through noble deeds all to win the favor of a fair lady to the sports lovers and tournament goers
11:32
chivalry was about fighting on horseback justing in tournaments improving one's prowess and there's more concepts about how one hoped Knights would behave and how they expected them to behave whether they were those who had Knights in service to them or not chivalry could identify and encourage oppressive tyrant to liberating heroes now remember that some of these concepts of chivalry are completely contradictory and opposed to other versions such as
12:03
sparing the life of a defeated foe versus never showing mercy upon the infidel some believed it was very important for Knights to make an appearance in court while others felt that knight should avoid the finer things in life to develop high deenis and strength not eating of fine foods or fine wine so then which version of chivalry is correct they all are because they all represent qualities that
12:33
varying individuals or institutions felt made a good night chivalry fundamentally represents the qualities of a knight that makes them good at their job which was once as simple as being a good Horseman but evolved to include every one of the concepts I've just mentioned in one form or another this is why chivalry can never be wholly summarized into a specific list of edicts or codes
13:04
of behavior because everything that chivalry has been in the past includes concepts that totally contradict one another so these supposedly entitled the code of chivalry one they are actually more modern romanticized versions of chivalry and too only partly correct for indeed there may have been some people in the past who saw or wanted to see chivalry in this way but it was by no means the only way it was seen chivalry has been many many
13:36
things over time it has been a religious thing a romantic thing a liberating thing an oppressive thing a self-serving thing and a very very violent thing even the historical descriptions we have of chivalry shed light on this in one of criterion de Troyes writings he describes a situation where it's permissible for a knight to rape a woman lebretia odyssey Valeria the book of order of chivalry written by Raymond
14:07
lull in the 13th century hold chivalry is a very religious romantic and noble ideal live rare - a Valerie the book of chivalry by geoffrey de carne in the 14th century paints a different and much more pragmatic picture what we see in both books are men not necessarily describing what Knights and chivalry will like in their time but how they felt Knights should be like according to their own ideals morals and experiences
14:39
the fact is most social classes had a version of knighthood or chivalry unique to their particular interests and each individual version of chivalry was just as valid as another because chivalry is fundamentally a word that encapsulated the ideals that a specific social class or individual hoped a knight would live by which were often different and in some cases contradicted one another completely you see Knights were in most part servants they always served a
15:11
higher law and that's not to say that many higher lords weren't Knight themselves but if the high awards were Knights themselves well then they got to determine what chivalry was to them but if they were in service to a high award well then the chivalry they followed was determined by who they served and if the one who had Knights under his command ordered them to do something that many other people might have seen as very uncivil hrus well
15:42
guess what's through the one or during the night that was very chivalrous because they were doing the very thing that he felt night should do in that circumstance which is often the things that would benefit him what should also be understood is that yes Knights always tried to follow this ideal of chivalry whatever happened to be most generally according to whoever they were serving at the time but outside of that they would also do anything that they could get away with because Knights were not any better than many other people they
16:14
were just people and so if there was a bit of chivalry according to ever they were serving that didn't cover a certain thing or than they would just do whatever the heck they wanted Knights were in most cases throughout history pragmatists and indeed if there was a part of chivalry that was only generally understood and not enforced by his lord if there was a circumstance in which it would benefit him to not adhere to that general side of chivalry or guess what
16:45
he would do he would ignore that part of chivalry completely in most cases because the parts of chivalry that were important for that Knight to follow were the parts of chivalry that his Lord wanted him to obey anything outside of that was more often fair game and I'm sure there were exceptions where Knights truly tried to live up to every noble concept of chivalry that could have been held by many different people because chivalry would become a more broad and broad thing as more people started to
17:17
adopt certain views about what chivalry was in truth Knights were more often very fallible men who would do whatever they could get away with in life to help their own situation and this is what chivalry is it only ever became a summarized and very specific list after the knight was the most prominent warrior on the battlefield those concepts of chivalry are actually post chivalry things post knighthood they
17:48
actually didn't exist in the way they describe in the actual medieval period that is not true chivalry if you would like further reading and a more in-depth look at what true medieval chivalry was like I highly recommend the book chivalry in medieval England by Nigel Saul he talks about basically all the things that I've touched upon but then goes into much more detail there's a lot of meat there
18:19
if you feel and hungry and as always thank you for listening until next time farewell

DOWNLOAD SUBTITLES: