TORP Module 7: Vulnerable Road Users

TORP Module 7: Vulnerable Road Users

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in the event of a crash the human body can only withstand a certain amount of force before it is severely or fatally wounded vulnerable road users such as pedestrians and cyclists are particularly vulnerable in the event of a crash due to being exposed to impact forces that are beyond the limit of human tolerance pedestrians cyclists and motorcyclists for example have a high risk of being severely injured in a crash with other Motor Vehicles as they
00:30
have little to no physical protection to absorb the energy in a collision in this module we will be covering pedestrian fatalities injuries and safety concerns as well as cyclists and the minimum passing distances we will also be covering motorcyclists safety and the right to live as well as refreshing your knowledge of the new south wales road rules more than 1500 pedestrians I hit on New South Wales roads each year as
01:02
all road users are pedestrians at some time or other pedestrian fatalities represented approximately 15% of all fatalities of all the crashes in which a pedestrian was killed more than 25% occurred between 5:00 p.m. and 9:00 p.m. pedestrian injuries peaked during the mid-morning during the hours of 8 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. pedestrian injuries also spiked during the mid to late afternoon hours of 2 p.m. to 7 p.m.
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pedestrian fatalities are more likely to occur on Fridays and Saturdays while injuries are more prevalent on weekdays children and the elderly are likely to suffer the most significant trauma when involved in a crash the aged have bones that are fragile and susceptible to multiple fractures and with children the internal injuries can be fatal due to their organs and body not being fully developed our research shows that there is an even spread of fatalities
02:05
and serious injuries across those aged 17 to 60 plus years of age although males make up the majority of pedestrian fatalities and severe injuries on the New South Wales roads high vehicle speeds significantly increase the risk of injury and death to pedestrians the speed at which a vehicle is traveling when it hits a pedestrian which is known as the impact speed determines the severity of the injury and the chances of survival drivers need to slow down
02:38
and prepare to stop for pedestrians at any moment a pedestrian hit by a car traveling at 50 kilometers an hour is twice as likely to die as one hit by a car going at forty kilometers per hour another type of vulnerable group passenger is the cyclist cyclists have the same rights and responsibilities as drivers and motorcycle riders drivers bicycle riders and pedestrians all need to go together safely we should all
03:10
respect each other's space and ensure that everyone stays safe it is imperative that drivers watch out for cyclists as they are smaller than cars and harder to see cyclists also have the right like other vehicles to travel on roads and be shown courtesy and care by other road users cyclists are more difficult to see than cars or trucks especially at night therefore take care to check for bicycle riders in blind spots and especially when turning at
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intersections sometimes a bicycle can travel faster than a car particularly in slow-moving traffic never underestimate their speed and do not cut them off by moving in front of them remember it takes cyclists longer to stop than cars on average nine bicycle riders are killed and more than 1,900 are seriously injured in New South Wales each year cyclists represent about
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2.5 percent of total road fatalities and about 16 percent of serious injuries to avoid a crash with a cyclist check in your rearview mirror and side mirrors to avoid opening your car door into the path of bicycle riders at times bicycle riders may need the full width of a lane to ride safely because of rough road edges and gravel cyclists are allowed to ride side by side so be aware of your surroundings and the width needed for two cyclists to
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pass safely be prepared to slow down and enable the rider to travel away from the curb children on bikes can also be unpredictable be prepared to slow down and stop when you see a child on a bicycle since the 1st of March 2016 drivers who pass a bicycle rider must allow a distance of at least one meter when the speed limit is 60 kilometers an hour or less or 1.5
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meters when the speed limit is more than 60 kilometers an hour if drivers cannot pass a bicycle rider safely they should slow down and wait until it is safe to pass the rider leaving the minimum distance to help drivers provide the minimum distance some exemptions to the road rules will apply if a driver breaks these basic Road rules there will be a penalty incurred drivers caught not allowing the minimum distance when
05:43
passing a bicycle rider face a 330 dollar fine and a penalty of 2 demerit points although motorcycles only represent 4% of vehicle registrations they account for 21% of all road fatalities and 12% of all road injuries 67 motorcyclists were killed and 2215 were injured in New South Wales in 2016 alone motorcycle
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riders are more exposed and risk severe injuries if they are involved in a crash it is also the responsibility of the motorcyclist to ensure that they are prepared with the correct safety gear by choosing safer helmets and riding gear motorcyclists can ensure that they have the best protection while regular bike maintenance helps keep motorcycles in a safe condition for riding there are some essential tips for riders that can help prevent serious injuries if involved in
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a crash all helmets must meet Australian standards visors need to be clear and shatterproof they must ensure that they have back protectors that have a dual density foam to protect the spine they should also always be wearing gloves with strength and palms knuckles and wrists as well as make sure that their jackets and pants cover the whole body and are highly resistant to abrasions and tearing they should also make sure to wear leather boots and overlap the pants to provide
07:17
shin and ankle protection motorcyclists are also smaller and harder to see drivers are encouraged to always look out for motorcycles particularly in blind spots all motorcyclists must know the rules on mobile phone use learner and p1 riders must not use a mobile phone at all while riding learner and p1 riders penalize for illegally using a mobile phone for demerit points will exceed their demerit point threshold and
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face a three month license suspension do you have what it takes to write to live watch the video of to see how important motorcycle safety truly is think you've got what it takes to write to me every time you ride right to live on average how many pedestrians are killed or injured on New South Wales roads each year is it 175 250 275 or 1500 what
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percentage do cyclists make up of the total fatalities on New South Wales roads is it 1% 1.5 percent 2% or 2.5 percent although motorcycles only represent 4 percent of all vehicles they account for how much of the road toll each year is it seven percent sixteen percent twenty one percent or twenty
09:20
four percent in the following slides we will be revisiting the most essential road rules including but not limited to proper use of a roundabout mobile phone usage dealing with headlights and more to many this may seem like common knowledge but you may find yourself surprised at how much you have forgotten or did not know after each video you will then be tested on your knowledge to ensure that you have a good grasp of the rules before you get behind the wheel
09:53
roundabouts frequently confuse most drivers who do not feel certain when or if to signal when exiting a roundabout or what laws apply when driving in a dual lane roundabouts roundabouts approaching a roundabout when you approach a roundabout you must use your indicator if you intend to turn left or right or make a u-turn at the roundabout you must give other road users sufficient notice of your intent to turn entering a roundabout when entering a
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roundabout you must slow or stop to give way to any vehicle already in the roundabout you must also continue to use your indicators if you intend to turn left or right or make a u-turn turning left when turning left you must indicate left on approach and be traveling in the left-hand lane unless there are road markings with other instructions stay in the left lane and exit in the left lane turning right when turning right you must indicate right on approach and be traveling in
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the right hand lane unless there are road markings with other instructions making a u-turn when using a roundabout to make a u-turn you must approach in the right lane and signal right changing lanes in a roundabout drivers may change lanes in a roundabout if they wish the usual Road rules for changing lanes apply you must use your indicator and give way to any vehicle in the lane you are entering going straight ahead you don't need to signal when approaching the roundabout
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if you were going straight ahead you may approach the roundabout from either the left or right lane unless there are road markings with other instructions exiting a roundabout as when you exit a road you must signal left when leaving a roundabout if it is practical to do so and you should stop indicating as soon as you have exited the roundabout however when you are travelling straight ahead on a small single lane roundabout it may be impractical to indicate when exiting basic courtesy doesn't cost anything but
12:18
it can buy a lot of goodwill and respect out on the road you must share the road with pedestrians giving way to pedestrians when turning if you are turning left or right at an intersection you must give way to any pedestrian crossing the road that you are about to enter this rule applies to intersections both with and without traffic lights however it doesn't apply at roundabouts due to the many Road rules it can often be confusing what is allowed regarding mobile phone use
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mobile phones you can only use a mobile phone while driving if it is secured in a commercially manufactured and designed mounting that is fixed to the vehicle and doesn't obscure your view of the road or if you can operate it without touching any part of the phone for example by using Bluetooth or voice activation while driving a mobile phone cannot rest on your leg between your shoulder and ear or any other part of your body it must not be used for text messaging
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video messaging emailing or similar activities drivers can only use a handheld mobile phone if their vehicle is parked in an authorized parking spot with the engine turned off they cannot use a handheld mobile phone while stopped at traffic lights drivers may use the navigational or GPS function of a phone while driving as long as the phone is secured in a fixed mounting Learner provisional p1 and provisional p2 drivers must not use any function of
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a mobile phone while driving or when the ignition is on learning how to respond to merging when the number of lanes has been reduced is a main road rule that you must understand merging merging when the number of lanes is reduced when you are traveling on a road without lane markings and the number of lanes or lines of traffic is reduced you must merge by giving way to any vehicle that is ahead of you this is often called a zipper merge changing lanes when a marked lane ends
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when you were traveling in a marked lane which is ending and you need to cross a broken painted line to enter the adjacent lane you must give way to traffic traveling in the lane being entered in this video we will review the basic rules of when to pass on specific roads lights and during congested traffic keeping left on multi-lane roads with a speed limit of more than 80 kilometers per hour you must not drive in the right-hand lane unless you're overtaking
15:04
turning you avoiding an obstacle you driving in congested traffic driving in a special-purpose Lane or if there is a must turn left lane or a left traffic arrow and you are not turning left if a keep left unless overtaking sign is displayed the requirement applies regardless of the speed limit here you will understand the proper use of headlights and when to use your fog lights using headlights and fog lights you must not use your headlights on high
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beam if traveling less than 200 metres behind a vehicle traveling in the same direction or when less than 200 metres from an oncoming vehicle it is an offence to flash your headlights unless the vehicle is being used to respond to an emergency a driver must not use any light fitted to their vehicle that may dazzle another road user you can only use your fog lights if driving in fog mist or other atmospheric conditions that restrict your visibility in this video you will understand when
16:28
to make a u-turn and the traffic situations and rules you must be aware of when making a u-turn u-turn making a u-turn when making a u-turn you must have a clear view of any approaching traffic and be able to make the turn without unreasonably obstructing the free movement of traffic you must also give way to all vehicles and pedestrians you are not allowed to make a u-turn when and no u-turn sign is displayed across a single continuous dividing line
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across a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken line across two parallel continuous dividing lines you turns at traffic lights you must not make a u-turn at traffic lights unless there is a u-turn permitted sign displayed or a green u-turn traffic light is displayed in this lesson you will learn the safe following distances required depending on the conditions the type of vehicle being driven and the speed at which the vehicle is traveling safe following
17:38
distances safe following distances may vary depending on the conditions the type of vehicle being driven and the speed at which the vehicle is traveling as a general rule when following a vehicle you should travel three seconds behind the vehicle in front to provide enough time to avoid a crash an easy way to estimate this is to count how long it takes you to pass the same object as the vehicle in front of you this should be at least three seconds in this video you'll see the proper speed
18:10
distance and attention you must have when driving around a school zone school zones drivers must obey the school's own speed limit of 40 km/h between the school zone and end school zone signs the school's own speed limit applies on New South Wales Government school days and during the times on the school zone sign school zone hours are normally 8 a.m. until 9:30 a.m. and then 2:30 p.m. until 4 p.m.
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some schools have non-standard school zone times these non-standard school zones have signs that show the different hours of operation in red school zones are enforceable on all New South Wales Government school days these include pupil free days and on the days when non-government schools may or may not be in operation school zones operate and are enforced on pupil free days because people free days can vary from school to school consistent operation of school zones aims to reduce driver confusion which improves the
19:13
safety of schoolchildren in this video you will learn the two sets of yellow traffic lights their meanings and how to respond to them yellow traffic lights a yellow traffic light or arrow means stop when you approach a yellow traffic light you must stop if you can stop safely before reaching the stop line or traffic lights penalties apply to drivers who fail to stop at a yellow traffic light when they would have been able to safely stop
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before reaching the stop line was there any road rule that you have not been following while driving how will you ensure you will change that from now onwards in the next lesson we will be reviewing vehicle safety maintenance and restrictions

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