Nietzsche Introduction: On the Genealogy of Morality (essay 1)

Nietzsche Introduction: On the Genealogy of Morality (essay 1)

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what are Christian values the seven deadly sins could be summed up as a warning not to overindulge their artisans are things like patience humility compassion and charity these values are a guide for how to live a good life they have significance in some way whether psychological or spiritual or rational they are sometimes and wrongly in my opinion argued to be Western values even if they're not always
00:36
articulated as Christian anymore values like compassion are embodied in our welfare states are these just natural human values were they god-given were they rational what if they were none of these Nietzsche starts the preface of on the genealogy of morality published in 1887 with the line we are unknown to ourselves we know us even to ourselves and with good reason he is asking whether some of the things
01:08
we presume to know require a deeper look he wants to ask whether what seems rational or obvious on the surface might have a deeper meaning a hidden meaning and for good reason take the idea of good it's something we use every day but what does it really mean and as Nietzsche says under what conditions did man invent the value judgments good and evil Nietzsche's contemporary Paul Ari
01:40
had argued that what was good had evolved over time through natural selection Darwin had published On the Origin of Species in 1859 and of course it had had a huge influence for an evolutionary thinker the seven deadly sins of deadly sins because they are actually deadly Darwin's natural selection can apply to concepts in the mind as well as terd biology but niche asks what if the opposite were true what
02:11
if a regressive trait lurked in the good man likewise a danger a seduction a poison a narcotic so that the present lived at the expense of the future he begins the first sa good and evil good and bad by criticizing those that define good as that which is simply useful to others that which is selfless he is attacking the utilitarians people like John Stuart Mill Nietzsche says that this is
02:43
unhistorical we need to excavate the meanings of words we need to be archaeologists engage in a genealogy because before good ments an egoistic goodness was actually defined by the upper classes the nobility those that deemed themselves to be superior nature examines the etymology of good and bad in European languages and finds evidence that originally good men strong and bad
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meant simple rather than say selfless and abusive take the German word for bad slept this word also means plain or simple the Greek word for good Agatha's also meant brave and wealthy and the Greek word cat cause bad meant Oakleigh and weak nietzsche notes that the original meanings of these words dating back thousands of years is very different to how we think of good and
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bad today so when did this change if the nobility to find their own strengths is good then what is not strong and Noble is automatically bad but Nietzsche says that if the weak are then oppressed then they see the strength of those who oppress them as evil we have dichotomy emerging he calls this dichotomy master morality and slave morality the priestly way of thinking developed out of this
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slave morality first warriors the strong ruled but then an opposing idea developed the wise the wise tended to be physically weaker and so needed a different type of power knowledge these two ideas of power noble and physically strong and priestly but physically weak started to compete nietzsche argues that it is likely that the priestly caste and the warrior caste confronts one another in jealousy and
04:46
cannot agree on the prize of war what occurred through christianity he argued was a slave revolt in morality the weak the slavish those who were subservient to the strong used their dedication to the idea that wisdom was more powerful than force to then displace the strong as Francis Bacon said knowledge is power what happened was not just good being something useful but that the priestly caste took revenge on the nobility by
05:18
simply inverting their values Nietzsche calls this resentment and he calls resentment a poison he says the beginning of the slaves revolted morality occurs when resentment itself turns creative and gives birth to values the resentiment of those beings who being denied the proper response of action compensate for it only with imaginary revenge whereas all noble morality grows it--for
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triumphant saying yes to itself slave morality says no on principle to everything that is outside other non-self remember he calls this intelligence but also weakness it's not black and white for Nietzsche but he thinks we need to re-inject an element of noble morality into our culture to cultivate daring so that we do not just become tamed we need the blonde beast of prey even
06:21
though we might be justified in retaining our fear of the blonde Beast Christian values then like humility selflessness charity recommend the limiting of power and the protection of the weak in Christianity power itself is a sin think of the seven deadly sins lust gluttony greed sloth wrath envy and pride their indulgence individualistic they take things in to build one's own power
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they are the master morality that says I am good I am powerful I will do what I want Nietzsche says that this slaves revolt in morality begins with the Jews who said only those who suffer a good only the poor the powerless the lowly a good the suffering the deprived the sick the ugly of the only pious people this passage along with others have been used as evidence for Nietzsche's anti-semitism but many passages and
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Nietzsche's overall nuance puts this into question for example he says that the history of mankind would be far too stupid a thing if it had not had the intelligence of the powerless injected into it he also says the weak prevail over the strong again and again for they are the great majority they are also more intelligent Nietzsche isn't unconditionally rejecting the slave morality but asking us to put it into
07:55
question and although he famously declared that god is dead really meaning that the belief in God was dying he is not necessarily an anti theist again he just primarily wants to question he wants to think about rekindling about noble morality that blonde beast of prey as he calls it but he also argues we must be careful we must be nuanced he says we may well be justified in retaining our fear of the blond Beast at
08:26
the center of every noble race and remain on our guard rather than emphasizing how thoughts has coalesced around opposites like good and evil instead we should be focused on differences of degree as he calls it it is a sense that there aren't any absolute answers to what we value morally but always movement always questions always creativity symbolically God is an app Aleut and so if you derive values from
08:58
an idea of God then they too are theoretically absolute they stifle new fluid and malleable thinking while not mentioned in this essay this is where Nietzsche's idea of the yuba bench the Superman comes from this is someone that understands both of these sides of valuation and experiments to push humanity and morality forward continually working out new ways to live as a thinker nietzsche has similarities
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to someone like Dostoyevsky the subject of last week's video he questions what is thought of as rational and argues that people are much more chaotic than the rationalists suppose in the essay on truth and lies in a non moral sense Nietzsche writes does nature not conceal most things from him even concerning his own body in order to confine and lock him within a proud deceptive consciousness aloof from the coils of
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the bowels the rapid flow of the bloodstream and the intricate quivering of the fibers she threw away the key and the reason that Nietzsche is considered an antimatter physical thinker is because he argues we should always question values and ethics ie metaphysical systems and think more about rule human experience there was no doubt though that for Nietzsche what would replace the values of God would be the values of the strong the
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aristocratic the new ├╝bermensch on balance this comes through more than anything but the nuance involved in this conclusion is far from as authoritarian as some have claimed if you want to support then annoy them please subscribe below and most importantly click the bell here to receive notifications when I upload a new video you can also follow me on Facebook Twitter and Instagram in the
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