The End Of The Arctic

The End Of The Arctic

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Language: English

Type: Robot

Number of phrases: 342

Number of words: 2300

Number of symbols: 10693

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00:00
growing up in Canada we were always shown maps of our country like this where a huge portion of it is something known as the Arctic given that it makes up 40% of Canada's landmass and two-thirds of its coasts we never actually learned that much about it in school and it's always been this sort of exotic location that we wanted to go to especially knowing that the ice has been steadily declining for years so we decided to pack our bags bring some camera gear and join a Greenpeace boat that was heading from Saint John's Newfoundland all the way to a community called Clyde River on Baffin Island to see the effects of climate change
00:30
firsthand scientists know that the Arctic is warming twice as fast as other parts of the world causing land in sea ice to melt and currents to change we were honestly so surprised at how little ice there was which we could immediately see upon arrival climate change is a global phenomenon it doesn't just happen in certain places it affects everybody the rising of the temperature caused by our burning of fossil fuels has caused the Arctic to melt and this extreme rate of change is deeply affecting the wildlife in people's lives these people are the
01:03
Inuit who are an indigenous people that have lived in North America for thousands of years and it means people and that's all we see ourselves see when we refer to a different culture let's say from France there's lots of Inuk there that's always saying that's how we use it but also we use it to refer it to ourselves people what makes us anyway this time we are hunter-gatherers we go out on the land live out there for part part of the air hunting whales and seals
01:33
and fishing all this hunting lifestyle that's what makes us scenery to me in 1939 the Supreme Court of Canada decided that the Inuit should be under the jurisdiction of the federal government imposing Canadian laws to strip them of their customs during World War two this land became even more important strategically and was occupied more heavily this European influence had an incredibly negative impact on the Inuit way of life with forced assimilation to remove their culture and further removal
02:04
of their traditional structure much like other indigenous populations across the world in the 1950s the Canadian government forced communities to settle permanently into cities or Hamlet's like fied River stripping the nomadic way of life away from the Inuit and when you walk around in my community you see that the houses for people is nothing but bungalows wooden houses and all our roads are gravel and we are really lacking in infrastructure I remember we would always go camping like the
02:35
whole family we would be gone for weeks or even months if we have enough food pretty much we lived out on the land survived from animals that my dad and my brother hunts I wish we could go back to the way we used to live because there was more family time everything just changed when there was no more camping for us given that mass agriculture isn't the easiest thing to produce in the north it makes sense that any threat to the wildlife which is a huge segment of their food source would be problematic
03:07
you need to have a relationship with nature where we're not we're not out to just kill anything it's our food source when we kill an animal we treated right we butcher it right bring it into the community for summertime my favorite food is Narwhal we call it mocked up your try Narwhal for the first time it's like this yeah not this hmm oh it's oh it's warm soon boiled hmm that's for all but left
03:41
even more play that one's raw and probably better for did another layer that's my question what's it taste like hi super yeah I feel like a tree muscle or tan yeah it's good which one you like more depends on the date today 68% of Inuit don't have consistent access to healthy or nutritious food giving them the highest rate of food and security of any indigenous group in the developed world 35% of homes
04:12
literally do not have enough food to eat Kludd River we have one store called northern stores it's a chain of stores that is all around Nunavut and Canada most Aboriginal communities have a northern school and that's our only story and because of that they can mark it up as they like the prices are sometimes 100-200 even up to 400% higher than what we would buy in Ottawa my purpose
04:44
I don't even know if it's a profound or forever but regardless either of those is pretty like really super sunshine it's all the yellow labels aren't even better here and all the flat levels I think that are shaped so like that like this little thing of 1099 some veggies is $16 an oak oh great yeah is $6 50 times and this is $1 or $2 in a community that is probably obviously stronger than anyway Texas s economic zone and you know they're
05:14
jacking up prices because the coke is 6:15 but the Pepsi is to be denied and so obviously like there's a prep paper code yeah but people bring that price so ensuring being Canada we're not in a different country we didn't show our passports come here our family were living on paycheck to paycheck and sometimes it's not enough for us to get food for my siblings and my parents but if we don't have any northern bought food we would still have like Narwhal or seal
05:44
meat fish in our fridge and that that saves us a lot like it keeps us from starving as if these few challenges weren't already enough claude river is about to face perhaps its greatest battle and risk to their livelihood yet this is seismic blasting see the energy and oil companies use the technique of seismic blasting in the search for oil underwater whereby high air pressure blasts are shot up underwater every 10 seconds to survey the ocean floor below in hopes to find oil deposits basically
06:23
their imaging with sound but not before having an impact on the environment and Wildlife first almost all marine animal animals use sound for for all vital life functions and that's because the sound traffic travels extremely efficiently underwater five times the speed and it just transmits over large areas very quickly seismic blasting is the loudest human-made sounds other than an explosion and four thousand kilometres away seismics can form the predominant part of the background noise be having much much more trouble finding their
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prey orienting themselves navigating staying in touch with each other staying in touch with their calves reproducing mating stress impacts that affect their immune system they're using sound for everything why would they not be impacted how could they not be impacted I can't even in that it's far harder for me to imagine they wouldn't be impacted than they would I mean it just the parsimonious explanation is they're going to uh for something right and if
07:26
the animals are affected it becomes a matter of life and death for the Inuit people in Clyde River but Clyde river is unique in that they have begun an unprecedented legal battle against the Canadian government and energy companies to protect their land culture wildlife and way of life so the seismic companies applied for a permit to conduct a five-year project to blast Baffin Bay and Davis Strait in search for oil and gas beneath the seafloor they want to blast over a very large section of the Arctic Ocean in Canada
07:58
the project that was approved would allow them to blast the ocean for five years during the ice-free season which is a pretty significant of the year and they'd be blasting their air cannons every 10 seconds 24 hours a day this shouldn't have been a problem given that indigenous peoples in Canada and other countries around the world have certain rights enshrined in the United Nations declaration on the rights of indigenous people requiring proper consultation and consent to go forward with such projects clyde river never gave their consent
08:28
but the seismic blasting was given a go-ahead National Energy Board and the company came to Clyde River in what they call consultation they brought other paperwork their presentations and they were telling us this is what we're planning to do we were asking them questions when they were done you know our presentations work so we were asking them things like okay what's gonna happen to the halibut how are the halibut with a turbot be affected by the cannon blasts now whales are walrus we thought that we would get an answer that
09:00
explained what would happen but no they didn't give us any answer like that here are some of the actual excerpts from the consultation process with the community when asked which animals will be affected they answered that's a very difficult question to answer because we're not the core experts when asked what are the affects of seismic testing on marine mammals they said how can I say this I'm not an expert on this and when asked which route will the seismic survey take they said we're still undecided this moved to avoid proper
09:31
consultation and to find more oil is not only affecting the wildlife and ecosystem but the Arctic entirely and the Inuit way of life so what has happened is that big oil companies who refuse to recognize the fact that we need to leave what's in the ground in the ground if we're going to survive are using that opportunity to go in there and try to extract more of the stuff that melted the place in the first instance they don't care what happens to their grandchildren they don't care they clearly don't care because they know the
10:03
science they know what's out they know what's going to happen they know that conflicts going to escalate as water supplies decrease as food security becomes more and more difficult conflict worldwide will escalate and what's going to happen then what's going to happen when the low-lying territories like Bangladesh even the Netherlands get covered in water where are those people going to go it's going to make the refugee crisis in Europe look like in a way day which is why Clyde rivers fight to protect their rights and the Arctic is so important and could set a major precedent for other indigenous
10:33
communities all around the world if they lose seismic blastn could start as soon as summer 2017 and they could be blasting for five years after that ultimately threatening the primary food sources for the Inuit these are people who are already living on a very fine line and so therefore seismic testing is absolutely a question of their rights to their land and the safety of their land and the safety of their food so any company has no right to mess with their
11:05
food supply in that way it is and should be made illegal and we sincerely hope that it will become illegal the seismic blasting was to happen we feel that as we knew it's going to take a big portion of our diet or hunting cultural waste is going to be totally destroyed because but there you'll see you hunting and there's nothing well that's devastating to me the whales migrate somewhere else and we have nothing to want I don't know what's going to have
11:37
lose our life I fear that seismic blasting is going to completely change our lifestyle the sea mammals and I really want to help stop it because the all the animals are very important to us and you can be a part of that change just by signing the petition to put pressure on the Supreme Court and Government of Canada to stand with Clyde river or come with us on November 30th
12:10
to stand with Clyde river in Ottawa at the court hearing if you can't make it please sign the petition and share this video - how Clyde river and their fight to save the Arctic your audience young people have much more power than my generation because you're online I am absolutely certain that the only thing that changes anything of any importance is the mass movement of people now at the moment online those mass movements are happening all the time so even if you just join Greenpeace and sign the petitions that's a huge act because now
12:40
you've got politicians who they have to listen to young people look at all the you know who's voting for us who's voting for us I mean whether you believe in what they're doing or whether they can do anything or not they have to listen to you and big companies have to listen to you so I think it's very important when you're young to know that you have power and to use it the people of the Arctic are some of the smallest contributors to climate change but are feeling the biggest impact it's not just about co2 it's about people and it's about how unfair the situation is and
13:11
how every one of us can come together to help a community in need some of you may have seen Nanny McPhee if you don't get involved I'm going to turn up with my stick my water my tooth and hurt you please you you

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