The Ustaša Genocide Against Serbs - Short History Documentary

The Ustaša Genocide Against Serbs - Short History Documentary

SUBTITLE'S INFO:

Language: English

Type: Robot

Number of phrases: 411

Number of words: 2489

Number of symbols: 11786

DOWNLOAD SUBTITLES:

DOWNLOAD AUDIO AND VIDEO:

SUBTITLES:

Subtitles generated by robot
00:03
convert a third departure third and murderer third this was the policy of the ushtasia in dealing with the serbs within their borders the ushdasha was the name given to the fascist movement that aimed to create an independent croatia in yugoslavia when the axis powers of nazi germany and fascist italy invaded the region the eustachia set about ridding the area of jews serbs and roma in a bid to build a pure croat state
00:33
the levels of violence employed by the eustachia would be so extreme that it even shocked their nazi and italian allies it is estimated that anywhere between 200 000 and half a million people were murdered in the most brutal of ways with horrors including setting up concentration and death camps that's only house children and much of the killing done with hand tools in today's video we will look at the reasons behind such a barbaric group
01:04
forming and the crimes they committed and the consequences for the region it's helpful to start with the formation of yugoslavia the kingdom of serbs croats and slovenes was formed in 1918 following the first world war old empires were split up and the map of europe was redrawn the kingdom of serbs croats and slovenes was created with these nationalities forming a new state from land originally controlled from the defeated austria-hungarian and ottoman empires
01:35
no regard was given to just how these varied cultures were going to work together in the new state there were many different religions such as islam orthodox christianity and catholicism and many more nationalities each of these nationalities were all pushing for self-determination but this was largely ignored serbs would play a leading role in the newly formed states as they were both the largest of the ethnic groups and had fought on the side of the victorious allied powers
02:06
whereas the conscripted slavs and croats fought for the austro-hungarian empire in 1929 the serp king alexander renamed the country the kingdom of yugoslavia he established a dictatorship abolished the constitution and dissolved parliament this resulted in many of the politicians leaving the country in exile among them was ante palovich the man who would go on to create the ushtasia movement roughly translated means uprising the
02:39
goal was to create an independent croatia it was pro-catholicism and tolerant to the bosnian muslims in the region who they saw as croats who had converted to islam under ottoman rule it was anti-serb anti-orthodox christian with desires to annex serbian territory pavlich was clear that the methods to establish an independent croatia would be through extreme violence in one speech he proclaimed the knife revolver
03:09
machine gun and time bomb these are the idols these are the bells that will announce the dawning and the resurrection of the independent state of croatia in 1934 alexander was assassinated in france the murder was carried out by the internal macedonian revolutionary organization working alongside the eustachia and his son and heir peter ii was too young the kingdom was ruled by war of a regency nazi expansion in the region in
03:41
the 30s encouraged the kingdom of yugoslavia to sign the tripartite pact on the 25th of march 1941 in a bid to avoid annexation shortly after a british-backed coup removed the regency and placed the now 17 year old peter ii on the throne this action only encouraged nazi germany to invade yugoslavia which fell to their control in a matter of weeks it was often the case in newly conquered nazi territories that puppet governments
04:13
would be installed such was the case with yugoslavia the country was divided up with italy claiming the coast and montenegro land in the north claimed by hungary and in the east claimed by bulgaria the eustachia were not the first pick for a puppet states though they were enthusiastic in proving their loyalty to the ax's powers though the ax's powers were largely distrustful that the ushdash would deliver what was required of them the independent state of croatia was
04:45
formed with the ushdasha put in power by their nazi and italian patrons in a bid to elevate their status as the new rulers the ushdash attempted to frame their ancestry as germanic and gothic though this was based on fantasy and not grounded in fact nazi focus was not on the balkans but rather the soviet union at this point in the war operation barbarossa was in full swing so as long as the balkans were under control much could be tolerated by the axis powers
05:16
for palovic the cost of annexed land and the axis supervision was well worth croatian independence and domination over those seen as inferior on the 22nd of july 1941 the ushtasia government issued their racial policies decreeing those who would be targeted in a series of deportation forced conversions and massacres the key targets were the serbs jews and roma peoples living within the new correlation state the massacres of the
05:49
serbs by the ushdasha forces started as early as 1941 in a small village called godovich around 200 serbs were killed by firing squad by the ushtaka militia responsible for much of the killings to come it was not simply enough for the eustachia to murder serbs widespread reports detailed the level of mutilation employed very often eyes would be gouged out ears and noses removed and items inserted into sexual organs
06:21
and bodies would be left for wild pigs to eat or to rot away a series of concentration camps were established notably at jesse novots nazi influence resulted in a series of laws stripping jews and roma of rights and property however in the case of jews they would be able to avoid persecution if they converted and gave up their religion the ushtash's main target would always be the serbs a proclamation was issued that the
06:53
policy of the ushdasha was to kill a third of serbs depart a third and forcefully convert a third to catholicism serbs formed the majority of prisoners in jesse novots mainly those who refused to convert to catholicism food would be sparse either a starch or turnip soup supplemented with whatever the prisoners would be able to scavenge this would include leaves grass or whatever undigested food could be found in human waste prisoners would be made
07:24
to work in their fields for agriculture in the brickworks or in metalworking often making weapons by the eustachia those who did not perish as a result of the horrendous conditions and disease would be systematically murdered whilst attempts to gas prisoners were made with gas fans similar to those used by the nazis there were no gas chambers at jesse novots those who were murdered were done so manually often this was done with a blow to the head and the bodies then dumped in the
07:56
nearby rivers so that the corpses would drift up and end in serbian territory sometimes contests were held as to which god would be able to kill the most prisoners one winner of such a contest was peter bratziker who was reported to have personally killed between 1 100 and 1 300 people and the weapon used by braziker and many of the guards was a serb cutter this was an agriculture knife attached
08:28
to a leather band worn on the hand this would enable the guards to slit the throats or viciously stab the back of the head with great speed and with only minimum risk of injury to the wielder the bodies that were not thrown into the river would be buried in mass graves dug by a select group of prisoners many of these gravediggers would also be forced to take part in the killings one of the darkest and most distressing of concentration camps was at sissic which had a separate camp for children
09:00
thousands of children often alone though occasionally with their mothers would be interned in the direst of conditions the camp held more than six thousand serbian jewish and roma children aged between three and sixteen and they were kept in old stables dysentery combined with a diet of gruel resulted in an estimated 1500 children dead murders were routinely carried out by the gods often by taking a child and smashing them against a wall
09:32
one survivor of the camp was bozo judas he was able to survive only as he was adopted by a local couple looking for a girl due to the poor conditions judas scavenged a dress that he would wear and as all children were in a poor state it was often not possible to tell the girls apart from the boys according to judas the children were dirty soiled and full of thread worms when my future adoptive father came to the camp looking for a girl i was near the entrance
10:03
somehow children sensed that the person who had come had good intentions i held him by the legs and refused to release him as i was in a dress he thought i was a girl and he took me in his new family soon realized he was not a girl but could not bring themselves to return him to the awful conditions of the camp unfortunately judas's younger sister remained in the camp and was never seen again all the while there were two major forms
10:33
of opposition to the eustachia the checknicks and the partisans the checknicks were the remnants of the royalist armed forces who attempted to fight and protect as many as they could in the name of serbian nationalism and the partisans were communist-backed guerillas who gained massive support from the population and fought against the axis and ustasha occupying forces largely regarded as the most successful of the anti-axis partisan groups
11:03
at times the ushdash and czechnics would collaborate against the partisans the czechnics seeing the communists as a bigger threat than the genocide raging around them we will not go into too much detail on the resistance movements as they deserve videos on their own but i would strongly recommend you to take the time to look into these groups and the competing aims of each what is important to note is that the barbarity of the eustachia was able to galvanize a part of the partisans
11:33
against the fascists in a report to heinrich himmler it was stated increased activity of the partisans is chiefly due to the atrocities carried out by ustashi units in croatia against the orthodox population the ushtasia committed their deeds in a bestial manner not only against males of conscript age but especially against helpless old people women and children the number of the orthodox that the croats have massacred and sadistically tortured to death is about 300 000
12:06
following the surrender of fascist italy and as the areas under german control shrank the partisans were able to make territorial gains the ushdasha fought to retreat to austria attempting to escape partisan and soviet capture on the 21st of april 1945 with the partisans fast approaching the ushdasha murdered the remaining prisoners that were still at jassy novats on the 22nd of april around 600 inmates attempted a revolt but of those only 90
12:39
managed to escape and all the rest were murdered on the day of the revolt the ushdasha killed the 400 remaining prisoners who chose not to try to escape the building's guard houses and torture rooms were all put to the flame leaving only ruins and the remains of countless victims it is estimated that around 40 000 ushdasha captives were rounded up and gunned downed by the partisans pavlich instead would make his way to rome and
13:10
with help of the vatican was able to hide for a number of years in some of their properties in 1948 he fled to argentina along with around thirty thousand of the ushasha members under the protection of juan peron in 1957 an attempted assassination left palovich with crippling wounds following the fall of perron pelovic fled to spain where he would die a slow death of his wounds in december of 1959 never facing justice for his litany of
13:42
crimes even to this day there are those who seek to deny the crimes of the ushdasha phrases and iconography are still chanted and displayed with some attempting to deny the genocide altogether some believe that the successful creation of an independent croatia justifies the denial of the genocide it is important to remember that the goal of the axis powers was to create a stable balkans that would not impact the push east and the war with the soviet
14:12
union as stated in the gestapo memo the very crimes of the ushdasha were creating and entrenching the partisan resistance it should also be remembered that the reason the nazis abandoned the personal massacres committed by the anstas groupen was due to the psychological toll this had on the men carrying them out the fact that this was not a problem for the ushdasha speaks to the deranged and twisted mentality of those involved following the second world war a new yugoslavia was formed headed by the lead
14:44
of the partizans tito throughout his rule the various ethnic and religious groups lived in a relative peace albeit under an oppressive communist regime the one not under the thumb of the soviet union that's managed to remain neutral during the cold war following the death of tito the region would once again be plunged into further genocides and armed conflicts during the bosnian war the horrors of which will be covered in another video the crimes of the ushdasha highlight the
15:17
dangers of those who push for a pure state whether along religious racial or nationalist lines racial and religious oppression where their tools to create their desired state was brutal violence it is important to note that the ushdasha never had the widespread support of the croat people the power of the eustachia came from their nazi patrons who through the use of such puppet states were able to subjugate much of europe hundreds of thousands of serbs jews and rumor were
15:49
massacred in a bid to create a pure croatia and to appease their axis backers it is generally accepted that around three hundred thousand people were murdered by the ushasha however some estimates are as high as seven hundred thousand massacred we must never forget the crimes of the ushdasha and must push back against those attempting to deny their victims at the time the world was at war with multiple fronts engaged the ushdashi
16:19
were able to get away with so much violence as the rest of the world was preoccupied today we remember those who were massacred in the holocaust but so too must we remember those who were massacred by the allies of nazi germany and fascist italy

DOWNLOAD SUBTITLES: