Collaborative Robots and Industry 4.0 | Webinar

Collaborative Robots and Industry 4.0 | Webinar

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00:09
hello and good morning to all I am through working at mix org as a project project manager so let me just introduce what does mixer do mixer is an 8 year-old market player in digital marketing web and mobile application design and development workshop hosting and ICT technology projects we have been paramount in the establishment and market penetration of the various public and maybe private brands like NDMA is a DG group etc currently we devote our energy in the prestigious European
00:41
Union's ICT project formulating as an Indian local coordinator and communication expert it's a pleasure being here this morning I am your host and moderator of this webinar today we have we are very excited to have mr. Pradeep David who is the general manager Universal rowboats South Asia with us as a speaker hello sir hello we also have Shiva SH and miss Priyanka from NB q PQ CIE hello mama dosa fish so
01:15
basically I will be quickly going through the agenda and theme of the webinar the theme of the webinar is cobots industry 4.0 jointly organized by mix awk UCI and n BUP if you're wondering what is Cocotte and just be just explain you are simple by a simple line a cohort or a collaborative robot is a robot in the indented to physically interact with the human in a shared workspace basically in this webinar we'll also get to know how Co bots will revolutionize industries of the future
01:44
or maybe the present industries to make it more realistic pradeep will also show us a demo of the co board and and we can all learn how it can automate some of the tasks in our industries so quickly going through the agenda we will get to know our co-host NB q pn q c8 after that pradeep will share his knowledge inside about cobots following which we'll have a Q&A session where our expert pradeep will answer the questions
02:14
about the co bots and Marta Simmons you are requested to send us the questions please do not wait to send us the questions why are the dialogue or the chat box that you can see so not wasting any time let me introduce our speaker of the webinar Pradeep is the general manager at Universal robots he is one of the strong pillars of the company responsible for setting up and running the operations of the Danish company in the South Asian market he's a qualified expert in robotics and industrial automation he has a master's
02:46
in mechanical engineering robotics from Clemson University South Carolina USA and also completed his MBA in international business through collaborative robots he believes in the idea for humans and robots to in to be interdependent dependent and focus on what each of them does Mississippi so let me also introduce our co-host miss Priyanka she is an engineering graduate with total professional experience of
03:15
about 12 years currently she's working in capacity of an assistant director in Quality Council of India with an bqp national board for quality promotion since last 3 3 4 years her current responsibilities include conducting capacity-building programs under national quality campaign which is one of the prime activities of the board she's also engaged in handling the annual quality of our schemes quality promotions to quality month's events for quality professionals over to you
03:47
Priyanka you may now give the keynote yeah thanks drew for a nice introduction so a very good morning to all of you and I here represent National Board for quality promotion Quality Council of India QC is basically the FX body of quality and is designated by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry as the national accreditation body of India so here in National Board for quality promotions which is our board which is
04:19
solely dedicated for promoting the quality promotion in all the sectors we are basically most importantly we are focusing around conducting various capacity building program focusing on several industry relevant topics as you rightly said with the advent of industry 4.0 robotics implementation is gaining momentum so robotic technologies are a new to this enterprise world it has been there since the past few for
04:51
quite some time and basically industries are being are using it for automating their tasks that is a like repetitive or strenuous or they are not safe but still we field as a national code for quality promotion like they're still in need of propagating the awareness specifically among the small medium enterprises like how they can deploy these robotics and most importantly this the new level of technological innovation which is now
05:22
with the name of cohorts that is the collaborative robots how the SMEs can deploy these and increase their efficiency and productivity so yes with this objective in mind we are happy to have a small a quick webinar on the usefulness of the Cobo deco boards from the Indian perspective so I would now hand over to my colleague shave age for a brief introduction about Q square so
05:49
Dhruv maybe you can facilitate hello hello do are you there yeah yeah so I will just introduce she wish to everybody she wish has computed his graduation BTech from electronics and communication post which is dinosaur hello hello hello drew are you there hello hello
06:57
hello hello group we are not able to hear you hello hello hello hello hello hello sorry I got dropped just
07:54
facilitate now so they just let me introduce you a sheave age has completed his graduation in beat a collector awnings and communication engineering post which he has done a certifications card and plc designing with a plus course and currently pursuing his ambient entrepreneurship management from IIT Delhi he is designated as an executive officer in an NB QP q CI culinary Council of India he has also conducted various training come awareness programs on ISO standards and technical topics so over to you fish
08:26
please give us a brief presentation about QC innb QP yeah so once again good morning to all of you present and attending I just I think that I mean that I have made the presenter and I think you will be able to see my screen now I will be going through a brief presentation about QC I so there has always been a quest for quality in a country post 1991 economic reforms that were liberalization privatization and globalization it was then they need for
08:56
establishing a quality framework in a country for which a kabul committee was formulated in 1996 all the recommendations from the interest rate stakeholders including freaky CIA NSO Jim along with the ministerial boards in finally in January 1997 qca was registered as a non-for-profit Auto normal society and under society registrations have 21 of 1860 it is pertinent to mention that the chairman of Quality Council of India is
09:26
appointed by the prime minister of the country so we have mr. Arden's nly as a current chairman Quality Council of India and dr. RPC as RP Singh sir as Secretary General QC I so this is the organizational structure of Quality Council of India we have a governing body followed by a secretariat which actually dwells in three major activities but when is that of accommodation second days of quality promotion and third is the special project groups that this body undertakes
09:57
so for accreditation we have got four dedicated boots National Accreditation Board for education and training natural equitation board for hospitals and health care providers National Accreditation Board for certification bodies and National Accreditation Board for testing and collaboration laboratories we have got one board the board from which we hail from national go for quality promotion solely dedicated to promote quality in all spheres of life and heading itself to the Moto of qci that is creating in the ecosystem for quality in the country and
10:28
for special under special project groups we have PPI DPA DD and Z division indulging in various citizen-centric projects as and when required so quickly about our mode so we promote quality as all works in life as I mentioned earlier we promote quality using two basic components that is through application of quality management standards and statistical quality enabling the industry to provide quality competitiveness in general and in SME sector in particular also empower the
10:59
consumers to demand quality from suppliers so we have with us mr. avec Metra as our senior advisor mr. Sunil Mathur sir as the Chairman and mr. C Camus works as the CEO of our board so these are the various activities of nbq P we have national come camping under which we organize and conduct workshops and ISO and technical topics we are we celebrate normal quality month wherein we actually invite
11:29
the applications and conduct with these competitions give away the prizes in order to establish a well structured form of quality we as far as the world is concerned we have two bass two awards that is quality bielsa what we have recently launched the thirteenth cycle of quality deals awards for which we are actually inviting applications across the board and under countenance we have national quality conclaves and regional quality con Clips occurring in various
12:02
months of the year we undertake many citizen-centric projects we publish our quality india magazine and quality best practicing practices award winning case studies of the dl j-- awards we are also a national monitoring implementation unit for jet programs as far as their said industry awareness as well as fibrin they training programs for master dean Assessors and MSM EDIS are concerned so we have also with us the registration schemes for five different
12:35
categories that is of individual cooperate hospital education and NGO thank you so much over to you through hello so Thank You Tavish for welcoming all the attendees and letting us know about NVQ p and q CI moving on we have Pradeep with us eagerly waiting to showcase us the new era where robots and humans will share the shared space over do you
13:14
Pradeep yeah thank you thank you through this Pradeep David I'm with Universal robots and the general manager of outpatient operations hopefully you can hear me and just I am now going to show my screen which should be available to you now could somebody just confirm that the PowerPoint is showing you can see
13:43
the screen okay thank you so okay so what we're going to talk about today is collaborative robots or cots you know in short form and essentially what these devices are actually you see one behind me hopefully you can see that it's a it's very user friendly device where you know the old robotic the idea of robots is about 60 years old and robots were
14:19
operated inside cages anyways there were safety associated with them these things are extremely safe they work right next to you like on my desk so this could be an assistant to an operator essentially right so when a human and robot work together there's many things that can happen for example screw driving applications for example assembly of parts where a lot of human labor is required and you suffer because of the quality that you know humans inherently have some poor quality especially if
14:51
you're working eight to ten hour shifts again you get tired so all these things can go away when a human and robot work together now very quickly robots in India are not very popular as you can see by this chart the global average of 10,000 employees in Lycia flow are is about 74 whereas in India that average is only three so we have 25 times below the global average in terms of robot adapt Asia that's because robots have not been very
15:22
popular in India and however when you see this buzz you know you look at all these articles happening in economic times and financial Express and the Hindu and all these things you hear a lot happening with cobots a silent cohort revolution is brewing in Indian workspaces right on the right hand side you actually see an operator who's got at each pendant in his hand and he's operating right next to a collaborative robot right so once again a collaborative robot it's just like a human arm think of it as a human arm
15:53
with six degrees of freedom and each of these blue caps that you see is one of the axes right which you can control and it's basically imagine that you have a paradigm what could you do with it you could and this arm never gets tired you know it can operate at 100 micron accuracy and it can repeatedly do the same thing you program emotion it just replays it over and over again and what we'll show you here in a minute is what
16:25
happens if you accidentally bump into it you know so we're gonna have somebody just show you if for example you're working next to the Khobar and by accident you you bump into it what happens let's see so the robot is working and it comes into contact with the person and it just stops right so what you have to do now the operator just picks up the teach pendant and hits the restart button essentially and the
16:56
robot begins to play from where it's we're stopped right so this is a an example of a collaborative robot protective stock there's a lot of Technology built into this it's called a force limited robot wherein it senses the you know it needs to have in a certain location it senses that I am NOT in that location and therefore stops right so you can see it's extremely safe to work alongside human beings so getting back to my presentation now yeah if you look at Frost and Sullivan
17:38
you know they have put out the 50 destructive technologies of last year okay so you can see things like blockchain 5g you know so many different technologies that we read about every day artificial intelligence advanced batteries right but if you go to this space right here which talks about advanced manufacturing and automation there's one area that's highlighted and that's called collaborative robots so what are collaborative robots once again and why are they in the 50 disruptive
18:09
technologies of the earth okay that's what we're here to learn about so one very important slide that I just picked up from the economic times just a few days ago incentives on cards to push industry 4.0 we don't see this very often in India where the government is actually putting in efforts to help SMEs you know people who want to start their journey on industry 4.0 to modernize their facilities there are actually now benefits devised by the nithya yoga unit
18:42
of the government where in M SMEs are given incentives to embark on this journey of Industry 4.0 so why is this relevant industry 4.0 is defined by McKinsey one of the famous consultants as something that has 26 levers you know 26 different compartments to it it could be smart energy consumption it could be routing flexibility machine flexibility etc but if we focus on the labor area there's one thing that juts out right
19:13
here and that is human robot collaboration okay so the definition of industry 4.0 one of the definitions is the use of human and robots working together why because there are dramatic improvements in productivity and quality that are possible when a human and a robot work together in fact their statements made like this a mystery 4.0 is the only way to ensure you have a future manufacturer and we are seeing more and more people embrace this journey on
19:44
industry 4.0 and this device right here is an industry 4.0 compatible device because the control system that drives this it's got Ethernet it's got tcp/ip II it's got CRO phonetic and it's got Modbus all the different connectivities that you expect on a shop floor is inbuilt into the robot okay this robot comes with a little control box like this you can't see it it's under my desk right now but this is nothing but a PLC and this PLC has all the control systems
20:15
built into it now when you look at this picture here you see on the left-hand side and industrial robot and you see on the right-hand side a collaborative robot what's the first thing that jumps out at you when you see these two pictures I presume it's this fencing right so industrial robot used to kill people right it operates very fast and stuff but it's also dangerous so always they have to protect the fencing which basically meant I used up a lot of space on the shop floor you don't need to do
20:47
that to the collaborative robot because it's designed from ground up every motor is designed that it can't crush you and it's safe okay so that's the first difference you see is the amount of space the second is you know also notice that he's got it on a trolley here and he moves it from machine to machine you can almost think of a co bot it's so lightweight by the way this one behind me wears something like 11k G's it's a three kilogram payload and weighs just 11 kilograms just carried by one
21:17
hand and walk around right this is a slightly bigger one he's put it on a trolley and he's moving it around so you can now consider it as part of your operational expenses and not a piece of capital expenditure today if you want to put a robot in your plant you have to assign okay let's say 50 lakhs of capex and you have to get that justified and put in and it's a pretty expensive device and it doesn't move from there it's only going to do that same chore that you you designed it for however a
21:48
co bot you can use it in one location today and the thing shift I can move it to a different location I could be using it to load and unload a machine at one stage I can be using it to dispense glue at a different machine right so these are the benefits of a robot where the flexibility of operation is Stanton is inherent in its design the third thing is the programming of Akko BOTS can be done by the operator himself you don't need to have a person who's been to some
22:19
kind of robot school wherein this robot is you need to learn some fancy programming and safety techniques the collaborative robot is so simple that we would actually do the so we're actually going to demonstrate this right now and we've got an instructor here for collaborative robots Curran Deep Singh who's going to show somebody who has probably never used a Khobar before a how to program this so let's take a few steps to see how you can you can show
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two points to the Khobar and the co part then learns the path of motion and repeats it so right there's a free
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t-shirt on the screen so graphing the stitch one point say click on green ok yeah see this point does the free one more point if you want set good out there yes no you points are set
24:06
you get it on yeah so ask for the first location done so this is how it can be a very simple program of three bit points I can control the speed if you drive down the speed then it's working very slow increases speed as per your application thank you yeah what does the teach pendant looks like to show our viewers okay so just to me it looks like
24:39
an iPad so very simple some some simple graphics there and do you have you had any programming experience other so that's good so it's almost like a cell phone we're in thank you thanks a lot so I think hopefully you saw how simply simple that was to operate somebody without any robot programming experience was able to program because after all what is a robot to a robot you know you tell it to go to a location pick up a fire go to another location profit there
25:11
that's exactly what she just ended up showing you right okay so let's go back to the presentation now and the standard that this follows is called the iso/ts 50 no 66 standard this is a kind of a new standard it only happened in February 2016 because before this the standards always had robots caged because robots used to kill people so robots and was separated from human beings but since this standardized technical specification was passed in
25:42
2016 robots and humans can work together so here's a typical example this is in China a human and a robot a human and a robot and a human and robot interspersed into an assembly line of the future ok so this has been substantiated by a study at MIT technologies Massachusetts Institute of Technology where there's a professor who did a study at a BMW factory and she
26:11
study we're only robots worked in this BMW factory and she did another study but there were only human beings and there was a third study where humans and robots work together and in the third case where the two work together there was an 85 percent reduction in the idle time okay there was a huge benefit in terms of productivity and quality that they saw just by having robots and humans work together okay so this is what we call the connected work force there is a problem sometimes when you over automate a factory you may have
26:43
heard a story and Tesla where they actually over automated the factory and they lost flexibility doing that so the fact is you do need a robot to do what a robot does well which is repetitive motion without getting tired whereas you also need a human beings intelligence because gone are the days where I'm going to make the same part in the hundreds and millions of the same part basically due to personalized you know the internet we started becoming much more choosy as customers and we want to customize the product we order therefore
27:15
lot sizes are small you need flexibility in manufacturing to handle it so that flexibility is best provided by a human brain which is part of this whole process of robots and humans working together okay so with that I will take a small question break here is there any question anybody has before we go on to showing some videos of actual use cases of cobots any question I can answer the rock maybe I'll turn it to you okay so maybe we will wait for questions
27:56
at the end and what I'll do then is go further through the presentation and I'll just check one second to make sure that the camera is working properly you can see the video of the robot behind me okay that's good and all right so what are the main benefits of a cohort number one I plug it right into the wall okay it's similar to a drill I just I don't need three-phase power it's very simple to program you just saw are they program this with a few you know clicks on at
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each pendant and we have every axis can move plus or minus 360 degrees okay every acts access can move plus or minus 360 degrees which makes it very powerful it also yeah it can be redeployed from location to location notice that in this case the robot is hanging on the ceiling it doesn't have to be on the floor only it can be machine mounted it can be ceiling mounted etc and it's very very
29:00
low power consumption in fact this one you see behind me only consumes something like 100 watts of power which is very very small something like your light bulb a traditional robot may consume a kilowatt or one-and-a-half kilowatts of power so there's a tremendous amount of savings in just power consumption over the life of the co bot which for me you know eight to ten years possibly while it looks very simple there's about 65 patents that make this technology work okay so it's an extremely complex piece of machinery
29:32
and that's why it's pretty do you know a lot of things in robot safety to have a human and a machine working close approximately proximity safely it's quite a feat and there's about thirty four thousand of these devices now deployed around the globe so it's an extremely successful invention and here's some videos that you can see in this case Bajaj Auto it's actually doing some bold type thing is picking up a bolt finding the location where the bolt
30:04
has to be tightened and it's tightening here's another poll typing application whether this woman she used to type in 800 bowls a day today the robot is sensing where the boat needs to be tightened daya's it to the right newton-meters and this information is logged back at the database against the pin number of the vehicle extremely good for a quality control perspective you know the next one you can see here it's just loading and unloading a CNC machine and you notice an operator this happens to Anam the path is actually programming
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the machine like I said you don't need a robot programmer to do it the bottom right here this lady is working in Chennai and she is taking doll packets and she stood load these doll packets into a sack day in and day out today all she has to do is bring a sack in and the robot does the heavy lifting puts all the doll packets inside all she has to do is take out the sack when it's done you know the one out here is I think is I mean a small and medium enterprise you
31:07
can see it's a small shop flaws you can see it's pretty crowded not very clean but it's giving the efficiencies to a small manufacturer I guess the important point is here you don't need to be a telco or a taka or a charge only to afford a co but if you're a small manufacturer you need good efficient effective loading and unloading you've got labor problems you've got consistency issues you've got quality issues an investment of about 20
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lakhs is enough to get you started on on your journey towards industry 4.0 and human-robot collaboration so core parts we call them the big equalizer okay it's not just the big OMS but the smaller tier ones and tier tools can afford this technology - like I said an average of about 20 lakhs is enough to get started this one is even less it's a ur3 it's a slightly smaller one yeah here are some more pictures of what we have done this is at L'Oreal where it
32:08
was doing a palletizing application this is a really neat video where I know you can't hear the video but we have links of this and she owes me for that but you can see in this one there's money an ATM machine and the robot is hanging upside down it's handling the notes the bundle of notes is putting it in different pockets there are clean notes dirty notes doing a separation before sorting here it's a machine and then pending application you
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can see this lady here used to work in this place before now she's become a robot programmer it's so simple to do made her life much easier it's like a tool for her to do her job better okay so this is a at one of the SMEs that we're doing business with in Jamshedpur one hundred and fifty people in the company this is the owner he's very proudly now an owner of about 800 bucks this was what his factory looked like in 1996 he had aspirations to make it a world-class manufacturer so
33:22
he bought some Co bucks and as soon as he put the first cohort in he realized that his bottleneck moved from one end to another end of the shop floor because the co pass was so efficient working night and day notice one little Co bought right here is servicing two different CNC machines okay and this is the Sun very proudly the owner of cohorts now but long story short these are his operators you can see they are not educated people or anything they're just people from the village they have
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now been trained to operate the robot to program it to change it for the different parts they have okay so there's I think I may have skipped over here as a lady talking which is one of the workers she's been trained now how to program the co bot so the efficiency has gone up the quality has gone up and the productivity has skyrocketed okay and he has been able to pay back these these robots very quickly this is like the bigger plan this shows human and
34:23
robots working together notice that these bottles are being collated put into a box they could have automated the Box opening process it would more money maybe they'll do that in a different face but today and operator is standing there holding the Box open and the robot is putting the whatever these things are in right so you can see partial automation as possible and as these boxes go towards the end of line we have a process called the end of line palletizing the robot picks up these boxes and stacks them in a certain
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pallet completely without any human intervention okay and while those people are out on coffee break doesn't matter as these boxes of let's say shampoos or diapers or you know sanitary products or whatever it is coming down the line the court keeps working keeps palletizing this code what happens to be on our seventh axis it moves up and down also because the bar the stack height is pretty low at all you can see here okay and when one one side is filled the fork
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truck comes and takes it away and the other one is still operating okay so huge savings in terms of labor and continuous production moving on there are some more examples here you can see picking up glass a very simple application I don't need a big structure I just mount the co bot next to it put a vacuum suction cup here you can see it's glass glazings you know the windshield of your cars and trucks and tractors
35:54
there's a certain glue that has to be dispensed very accurately before it's put onto the windows windshield and that is being done by the co bot you can see the co bot with a bill dispensing happening here in this one you can see an inspection application instead of having multiple cameras the co bot moves the camera to the sidewall of the tire to the tread of the tire etc right and you can do inspection the bottom one is actually doing automated screwing off your aircraft wings you know how many
36:26
hundreds and thousands of screws are there at the right location so this is an R&D project that Airbus is doing where they take a robot put it on an autonomous platform from a CAD drawing it actually goes and finds up where it needs to put the screws and does it very accurately this one is just a typical machine tenting application and finally we have a very famous person Jeff Bezos you can see using our cobots okay at one of the shores just about two
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or three weeks ago haptics so it's very cool stuff very popular with the with many many people just to give you a quick view of many different applications and we have for example polishing going on out here okay another example of laptop manufacturing out here so instead of the fattest to be China the laptops are handled many jobs have to be manually done but the screwing
37:29
application is checking of the PCBs all that is done automatically and the robot the cobots about 60 of them in one plant it is doing a lot of the work alongside the human being moving on what type of applications can a cohort do it can do all these applications you know machine tending assembly taking place quality screw driving injection molding etc does
38:02
they really think of it as a tool in your toolbox what do you want it to do today you can show it how to do it and it will repeat those motions just like we showed you in the programming and then while it okay what's common in these pictures anything that you strikes you as common in these six pictures if you there's no men in this right there's only women and this is our women empowerment theme so because cobots are so easy to use many places are employing a lot of women for example Bajaj has a
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mandate to employ 50 percent women labor so the cobalt is assisting her while she is doing the screwdriver the inspection and it now allows manufacturers to hire from a much larger pool right you have women you can hire from India is one of the lowest users of women workers and the in manufacturing so about 27% so here's a huge opportunity for manufacturers and for women to find can accelerate this is an example in our
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lab this is actually 90% women where they used cobots and the quality went up so high that instead of supplying these lenses only to the urban dye hospital they are now shipping it to 150 different countries okay and for those who thought robots take jobs they used to have ten people today there are 700 people they are so efficient in manufacturing they've gone from 150 lenses a date to 10,000 lenses per day so the number of people employed had to go up dramatically for this to happen right so robots don't take jobs it's
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poor management decisions that take jobs in fact robots help you be more effective keep your doors open help your business to grow and survive and thrive so but that there's a couple more videos you can see in this one this BMW cars you can see there's four robot cobots around with laser cameras it's doing the gap inspection to make sure that the gap is exactly the same throughout the car okay you can see the cameras are actually looking at the gap and feeding
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it to dashboard and actually there's a human inspector also side by side doing his work because the robot is safe to work well you can see here the dashboard everything is green so the cars is past on the right hand side that's that's myself again with the robot that's making omelets it's so here the you are three very similar to the one you see behind me at a hotel in Singapore it's doing all the motions attractive or YouTube type in Universal robots on the left or something like that you'll see
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this video it's done by gadget wallah etc where the robot is making omelets and some is sunny-side up and a hotel in Singapore ok again human robots working together the human happens to be a chef here and the robot is helping the chef with his work ok we also have the latest version of this which is called the e-series where instead of a hundred micron accuracy this goes down to 50 micron accuracy in fact 30 micron accuracy in
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some cases so without going into too much detail there is something is the enhanced series of cobots a little more precise but this is what is important this entire ecosystem is supported by what's called UART + think about it as an app store very similar to your Android app store or your you know Apple App Store so if I want to buy a two finger grip or a three finger grip er or I want to buy a
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specific camera watch you know a 2d camera or a 3d camera I can do that by just going into this talk because we have exposed the SDK on how these things work to various developers around the world and they use this very effectively to build about 200 products available ok so you can choose a camera that you want pick it up hook it up to the robot it will now show up on the teach pendant of the robot so it's totally integrated with the collaborative robot alright and
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you have a choice of 2 to 300 different products require and depending on your requirement yes so we call it Universal robots plus wear Universal robots it's kind of the platform it provides just the robot arm and it does the testing for all these finally it shows you all the vendors that have developed products that work with it like an app store and you can buy these products directly from those vendors if you choose ok this makes your integration costs dramatically go down because if I mean the robot with touch sensing in a robot
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cannot feel like us human beings so I wanted the touch sensing their touch sensors I need it with eyes because it you know a camera you can do that you know etc there are so many different things you can do to enhance the capability of the robot depending on what you're trying to do and finally for those who are interested in this you can just go up to the website Universal robots and there's about six modules it takes you about two three hours to go online each module 9 to 10 minutes and you can learn about robotics and can even give
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you a little certificate at the end that you passed a little cost online on how to program Kobus okay so that's called a CAD Amit's free of cost please feel free to go and I reserve this and it's really cool technology I mean you're a young person figuring out what you want to do MIT technology looks at some of the smartest companies in the globe with the coolest technologies and show you a great Tesla has some cool technology right I think you know that Apple has great technology if you have
43:42
an iPhone or Amazon has great Google has great technology you know we use it every day Facebook is kind of cool iBM has good good stuff but along with all this there is something called Universal robots okay you don't see the large company names like a fan Okura cuca or something but you do see Universal robots why because collaborative robots is some of the coolest and smartest technologies available to you today right so with that some pictures here you can see in
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Germany Angela Merkel with our cohort President Xi Jinping our own Dharmendra Pradhan when he was industry in charge he's with the cohort Danish Her Royal Highness the cohort is pouring a glass of wine Fuhrer is really popular it can be used in so many different things so if there's anything you've taken away from this whole presentation I would say think of the co bot to be another part of your toolbox you know just like your spanner or your drill like that the co
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bot is just the next tool in your toolbox okay with that we'll open it up to questions drove over to you thank you Freddie for you know sharing all these insights and I was thinking about the same thing that this is just like an app store you have given all these SDKs to people and you know people can get it to a new level so they can just you know put it into some new card and maybe flugel innovations that they can come up with and they can you know basically lower down their time and you know
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pricing so that you can help the industry absolutely absolutely you're right because we have even a doctor is looking at this to do some innovative medical procedures that he wants to do remotely using a cohort so because the SDK is available he is able to face it with some of his equipment I didn't talk about brain surgery this court can ask you to do brain surgery - yeah okay okay nice nice so basically people are asking first of all do some basic
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questions like you know what is industry 4.0 so can I answer this question please certainly so in this week yeah go ahead please so basically the 101 of the panel the attendees is asking what do you mean by a 4.0 okay so let me just bring up that slide okay so industry 4.0 if you just google it it's been the buzzword for the last five years in industry what is 4.0 well
46:33
that stands for the fourth Industrial Revolution you all remember the first Industrial Revolution where 90% of us in the 1800's our forefathers at least used to work in the field to feed their stomachs right 90% of the jobs were farmers and then came the automatic Russia and they started automating the lines there and people started moving into factories like Ford created the you know the whole assembly line for example right of Ford cars and that was industry
47:05
2.0 and then industry 3.0 came many years later where PLC's were developed and computerization and CNC machines we're no longer do you have a manual lathe which I have to manually control I just program it and it it develops it's you know it can make em turn out 500 products machine with the computer intelligence that happened about 30 years ago industry 4.0 is based on smart manufacturing it's based on smart devices it's made you know even your own cell phone for example as a smart device
47:36
you can take your pedometer and now you it counts the number of steps and puts that in your cell phone right this every device today is connected your refrigerator may be the next generation will be connected it'll tell you that it's short of coke in the fridge for example or milk right it will send you a message that I'm short of milk so these are all the things that constitute industry 4.0 in the shop floor this is how industry 4.0 is defined as shown on the screen right it has things like remote
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maintenance if I have a machine I don't need to rely on the guy from Germany who supplied it to me I can give him a port and he can come in with this computer diagnose the entire machine and tell me what's wrong with it and fix it remotely right that's all these things are part of industry 4.0 there's 26 levers okay that define industry 4.0 one of these levers happens to be human robot collaboration hopefully that explains what industry PowerPoint yeah yeah so the next question is from
48:40
Venkataraman so he's asking how do we select an application of a cohort so basically it's how do you know how does it fit into the Indian system and how he can be you know being in a manufacturing unit he can apply these cobots excellent question okay so let me go back to I think I've shown you many pictures of Indian industries using this right you've seen for example this one right here all different industries of
49:12
different sizes using it right so the slide which will best help you make up your mind where you want to use it in your factory is this these are the typical applications of a cohort okay I'll start from the right hand side which is machine tending if you're doing a lot of machining I'm taken apart and the part is within ten kilograms in weight and and somebody has to load that part into the machine after the machining is done I have to unload the part and put it somewhere that's called machine pending right machine load unload that's probably 50% of the reason
49:44
these things are used all over in India - okay you can just go in - we will share a web link with you after this where and you can see all these several videos okay so the machine tending assembly is the next big application so for example Bajaj Auto is using this to make pair auto rickshaws or two wheelers and I showed a few videos where you could see the women where the screwing was going on that's assembly of parts so critical assembly is going on human labor is little dangerous out there
50:13
because they may not do the same thing over and over again correctly you know especially when it comes to 8-hour shifts assembly is becoming a very large one even in a electronics assembly even your cell phone assembly your laptop assembly all these things are happening you know and part of assembly is inspection because nowadays several vehicles there's automotive manufacturers and others have gone through incredible expense where people have returned cars or they've had to do a lot of moody work which they could
50:45
have avoided all this cost if they have just done some extra quality inspection while the product was being made like the video I showed you on the gap check for the BMW cards right so more and more people are using it for quality pick-and-place a standard if I have got an operator moving an object from here to there all day long and for that I have got 150 and people employed there frankly not adding much value right a cobalt like this is designed to do that very easily similar to palletizing take this box from here move it there onto
51:15
the pallet or from that pallet be palletizing i've got stuff in the pallet and I need to take out the individual bottles from the end too and feed it into my assembly like right picking a place very very common application for Co bot usage screw driving is growing like crazy you know just repetitive work of driving screws through something gluing and dispensing is another big one okay so hopefully this explains to you where you can use a co but there's many more applications many many more but in
51:46
the shop floor typically these were major categories so basically in this question you have also may be answered sort of questions so he was asking how do you know he was asking what are the various applications he can use as a covert correct correct so frankly I don't know which industry Sora was working in but like I said even doctors are using it chefs are using it this has been used in fashion shows you know let me show you one very quick video where
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you can see in a fashion show like this in Paris okay so you can see here while the models are walking up and down the ramp that the the robot is actually the co bot is holding a camera so instead of having a cameraman in front you can see the co bot is handling the camera it's also used in the Olympics it's also used in your Champions League matches you
52:49
know where now the camera is being remotely controlled by a joystick and in this case it's a fashion studio but you can also do this in sporting events right so frankly the skies limit where you can use this which industry you can use it's being used in theater today it's being used in retail stores to advertise products so we used it in the IPL I don't know if you got cricket fans listening but while Bangalore didn't go too well we did have something like this as cheerleaders at
53:22
oh this is the bartender so so in this case at the forty thousand rupee special booth you can come and iPad select I want a beer or a wine and the robot now picks up the the in this case Scotch bottle and measured measures it out thirty or sixty and hands it over to you okay so to answer your question it's not only in manufacturing it's in many many different types of industries it's just your imagination where you can use this
53:54
how creative you are next in line is hello produ can you hear me yeah so there is one question from the audience it's like you know how do a cobots went into the indian landscape where there is an abundance of labor and will it take the you know labor i think you are saying something but i can't hear you how do cobots fit into the indian landscape where this independence of can
54:32
it take the jobs away so i'm repeating the question pradeep the question is how do cobots fit into the indian landscape there is an abundance of labor and it can it take the jobs away as well that's a very good question we have an abundance of labor but do we have an abundance of quality that's the question I would ask you which Indian product do we know off globally as hey
55:08
this is the best car in the world you know we know that German cars are probably the best quality but from India you really know products that I will ask ruler where and we made these intraocular lenses using cobots that were made so well that they are exported to one in 50 different countries right they created jobs so it's not like making India means making India with
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just a laborer who earns nothing just a move apart from here to there making India needs add value to the products make it competitive globally not just an India make it competitive globally and that's how your business will thrive by better quality better productivity right and by upscaling upskilling people from what they were doing you know to becoming rope robot programmers and robot supervisors we have done that time and time again several videos that will be shown you so while the threat it's an
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imagined perception that the robot is going to come and steal my job if you step back one step further you will see that robots are not just protecting your job helping you keep your jobs alive for the next five years it's helping you expand and stay competitive on the global scale nice one so similar question the follow-up question somebody's asking some Venkataraman so he's asking so you have you know explained most of the things that you
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know many industry can use the cohort so how will it impact the cost in car servicing or a service station but because he said he's a dealer so will it you know be a cost-effectiveness will be there because we have a cheap labor yeah so the cheap labor only goes so far correct I mean I I have a car which for example when I send it for servicing you can only find out a cheap labor cannot solve that problem it connects to a computer and the computer diagnoses it
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and you know within a few minutes it'll tell them this is the part that's wrong for that you need a trained technician to do that you know so as we are moving up the supply chain as we are moving up to more complex products you have to take labor along with you you so that's why we're saying for example in Auto lab I go back to the one where they're making lenses these girls are 18 to 20 years old they've got in high school education they are no longer people who are moving apart from there to there they're robot programmers they
57:43
are able to program a machine in fact they're doing it so successfully that they've actually wiped out their competition you know there's the people who are making cobots they're ultra did the intraocular lens of the old way they've been wiped out because the quality of that product is not keeping up international standards right so as people embrace this technology arising you know tide carries all boats as they say people's skill levels go up and they have much better jobs and we're seeing know people have been displaced and you know we deployed almost a thousand
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cobots in India right now and we haven't seen people being displaced because they'd just been moved to a better job because of fusing robots yeah so I will put Shiva also on on the line see wish you can ask your question please hello so I just have I just have one question regarding the the Cobalts and the topics
58:48
that you have explained particularly in India so under making the regime we have the SME sector so is the intervention of robots possible in the SME sector as well and if it answer is yes explain the budgetary implications because in the SME sector we have a major problem of the allocated budget and the owners of that sector are actually concerned about the profits at the end of the day so is the intervention of cohorts possible in
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the same in the sector and if yes please explain the budgetary implications we some throw some light upon that certainly so I would go back to the slide that I showed a little while ago economic times you notice that of only on June 11th which is just about a week ago this article came out and it talks about adoption of the standard is expected to give a huge most to micro small and medium enterprises right so the government is now offering initiatives offering initiatives to SMEs to begin their
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journey towards industry 4.0 so if we had a project where we were doing a machine load/unload at an SME in Jamshedpur let's say and the project was 20 lakhs you the person could take this to the government now and say look I'm modernizing I'm coming into industry 4.0 and the government is offering subsidies to SMEs and MSM is particularly as you can see here right for the use of such sensors actuators and right right which is what are the co bottles so yeah I'm very very proud to
01:00:22
say that our government is supporting the MSMEs and if you had asked me two years ago can you tell me which MSM is in India are using it I may not have had too many answers for you there right however in the last two years last two to three years a lot of SMEs are using it you see almost everyone in this picture that you see here is SME is this one is should be engineers which has 20 people Cathy Cathy has about 50 people working there new engineering has hundred fifty people this is an SME right and they can afford
01:00:54
robots Oh them doll the small little place in so answer is this technology is affordable by SME and number two the government is helping SMEs deploy such such technologies cost implication approximately 20 lakhs you can get started ok ok thank you sir thank you so we have one more question from our audience so basically when it comes to India we are you know very cost effective and you
01:01:25
know we have a mindset that money is everything so he's asking what is the maintenance and service intervals for the cobalt arm and is there a special engineering person required for the installation very good question so aha let's see I'll answer that with two things number one you saw current back there who did the presentation right so current used to work at a standard robotic company in their service department and some of the main revenue stream was every year
01:01:55
you have to pay an AMC and annual maintenance contract where the grease has changed or the oil has changed somewhat recalibration has to be done and every year you have to pay that one lakh or whatever one half lakhs for that work the beauty of what you see behind me there is no ANC okay it is a zero maintenance machine you do not have to buy an annual maintenance in fact there is no such thing as an annual maintenance contract right so it's a fit and forget device there's no battery to be changed there is no service requirements you know if if this joint
01:02:27
fails for some reason there's three bolts there you take it out the entire assembly comes out you put another one in and within 45 minutes you're up and running okay so and does it take a very skilled person to install this that is the next question and let me just show you a very quick video on that so that you can you can gauge for yourself okay okay so here is an example notice the
01:03:11
operator carries it in by hand it's so light so do I need an engineer to install it no the operators installing a time cell and he then puts a gripper on and because of the UART + that I told you about the app store when he plugs it into the PLC at the back you can see
01:03:42
these 50 i/o the digital i/o is great it now shows up on the teach vendor and he can now control and by manually moving it to the location he is now programming it he's teaching it where the part is please notice this is not an engineer this guy is an operator of a machine and [Music] within a few minutes he has got the
01:04:15
robot set up and loading parts and unloading parts from a CNC machine [Music] but for now being unloaded service Jenny Bianchini okay so hopefully you got to see that that was a video basically that
01:04:46
showed how an operator can install a cobalt in a matter of 20 to 25 minutes with a little bit of training and set it up on the shop floor so you don't need an engineer you don't need a sophisticated team to do this a lot of it is do-it-yourself thank you sir for sharing all these you know videos and maybe answering all these questions so there are no more questions right now if somebody wants to ask the question please do send us the questions she wish if you have any more questions please do
01:05:17
ask I see one question that's been asked there and I just have one quick question like well deploying the solution the collaborative robos dozen Enterprise needs to be aware about any security risks like maybe it may be pertaining to the Information Security or maybe any legal employment implications that an enterprise need to consider before
01:05:50
having the solution deployed in their in their organization yes so I mean like any computer system there are certain risks and and things that you need to be careful about so it's it's no different than like when you deploy a PLC on your shot clock right what is the PLC after all a PLC some device on your computer measure the COBOL is nothing but but another device another Internet of Things IOT as they call it industrial
01:06:22
Internet of Things it's another industry 4.0 device on your network so the very same security that you have for things like smart devices on your on your factory floor and they call it like the onion layer where you have layers and layers of security that's still you need to have in your plan you need to have the firewalls you need to have the ports for that Floyd you need for example for mo diagnostics IT needs to make sure that that particular port is opened out to a particular person to not just leave it open for the rest of the world to attack
01:06:53
so yes the standard things that you do with computers to protect your like a laptop or a PLC you need to do that with this device do SMEs need to ensure that they have a very robust information like infrastructure technology infrastructure in place in order to deploy these kind of solutions know if if they want to do remote diagnostics and stuff for example if the SME only wants to do a production on that CNC machine it's a standalone unit there's no issue of connectivity there because it's a standalone loading
01:07:25
and unloading that CNC machine it's not talking to anything else outside the plant there's no security issue that it's when you decide to put it on your plant intranet which is now exposed to the Internet outside not you need to worry and thanks a lot thank you so you were taking some questions no just that one I just read that one about security it showed up on my message box - okay
01:07:54
okay so guys any more questions that you have please send it to us right now we can mr. Pradeep is you know usually here to sum of all these things so yeah if there are no questions I would like to or just encourage your listeners - there are so many videos I showed there actually I only showed you little glimpses if something was of interest to you brain surgery let's say just go onto YouTube type in Universal robots brain
01:08:27
surgery something like that there are thousands of videos showing Universal robots doing fancy things you know like for example in warehousing IIT Kanpur students took the robot and they used it for the Amazon pick challenge you know so it's deployed you know while we say it's very simple and operator can use it if you want to take it to the higher end I want to come you can figure it through Python programming and not use the Teachman you can do that okay so while we talk about ease of programming if you're a very smart guy and you want to do
01:08:58
high level programming with it you can do that too so to sum up all these cohorts I'll just quickly go through the or you know learning that I have been taking into so these robots can be used into all kinds of industries which have like manual Labor's and you know they have these mundane tasks and this can be done via robot very quickly and these can work you know maybe 24/7 they don't have to you know stock they can work all day all night and basically if we don't
01:09:29
need any special kind of programming and no special skills program this yes and basically the industries can be any some some can be you know mechanical industries some can be like Amazon can use it in delivery system and showed us many videos where you know but yeah is using all kind of women's to do their job yeah hobo's is helping all these people so I guess most of the questions
01:09:59
have been answered so so can use some of this session for us yeah so in summary I would like to say that you know I have and I'm an automation direction you can call it 30 years my career has been in helping automate automate in various aspects PLC's drive systems etc there is no industry that is growing at the rate that a co bot is growing cots for the last five years if you look at the studies have been growing at a 65%
01:10:29
70% compound annual growth rate you know most industries if they're growing at 15 to 20 percent I considered spectacular in automation so there is absolutely nothing in automation which is growing at this phenomenal pace that's why I'm so excited about it it's even growing at a faster space in India because we are behind and people are certainly realizing that we can make dramatic strides in after activity and quality and it's affordable 20 lakhs is not unaffordable today even at the SME level you know so people are realizing that we
01:11:01
can embark on this journey of industry 4.0 which the government also is helping us and now and it's nothing to be scared about these things are not going to kill you they're working next to you they're flexible if I may mistake and buy a 20 lakh machine for this operation I've not messed up big time because I can take it redeploy it somewhere else alright it's not like one of those robots which is fixed for one particular application only so the barrier to entry is extremely low it's extremely easy to use and I think I'm very very positive
01:11:32
that it's going to be used highly in India okay so I would like to last you know thanks everybody first of all mr. Pradeep David for being with us for for an hour or so so you know explaining all these chords and everything to us in a very very effective and very you know energy with lots of energy and second our co-host nbq p and q CI for hosting this webinar so thank you all for all you all this I would also like to thank
01:12:01
all these participants in attendees who have you know given so much of questions to us so it was very entertaining and you know every every three we learned about most of these cobots and where it can be used this video to everybody so that they can have this in their mail mail ids and we'll share all these questions to the panel the panelists as well as the attendees so that they can
01:12:33
you know go there and we'll also share the contacts so that you can connect with each other and hope we have some synergies after this webinar so thank you all so we will just shut down this GoToWebinar thing and the webinar can be over thank you sir and thank you NB q pn q CA thank you and thank you for mr. thunder field to introduce us to you for this we preserve to yourself you

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