Byzantine Civil War 1341-47 | 3 Minute History

Byzantine Civil War 1341-47 | 3 Minute History

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00:03
thanks in part of the crusader invasion of constantinople in the early 13th century the Byzantine Empire was left in a weak state and unable to fight off their neighbors Serbia Bulgaria and the Turkish bailiffs the war's loss of land and pillaging conducted by the discontent mercenaries meant taxes had to be increased thus causing further and rest this unrest came to a head when Emperor Andronicus ii excluded his grandson from succession after he had accidentally killed his own brother bert his grandson and rankest third revolted against him in 1321 and was crowned co-emperor but both Emperor's
00:35
remain suspicious of one another and sort alliances elsewhere hundred acres ii got support from serbia while his grandson formed an alliance with the Bulgarians with the help of these Bulgarians and Rene Costa third took full power in 1328 and agreed to fight the Serbs alongside the Bulgarians but this ended in failure in Andronicus the third even decided to fight the Bulgarians unsuccessfully in 1332 but while all this was going on a rising Turkish Balak the Ottomans had taken important cities like Bursa in Nicaea although andronikos brought some stability to the realm he eventually
01:05
died in June 13 41 but his son John the fifth was only nine years old controversially the governor of Moria and close friend of Andronicus John cantatas eNOS was appointed as a regent but within a month he had to leave constantinople to fight off a serbian invasion this allowed his rivals the empress dowager and mothered john the fifth and the grand juve alexis a caucus to claim power although canto casillas returned to reclaimed power in september he soon left and lost the city again this time his rivals declared in Public Enemy and sent his supporters into exile
01:37
his supporters soon found him a muse crowned Emperor John the signal October this split the country in two aristocrats in the countryside backed on the sixth while the people in the cities backed the young John the fifth and his family's mercantile connections with the Italian state cities rose up against the aristocracy and gave their support to the Empress Dowager however John the sixth did manage to retain one city to Massacre which he made his base he also managed to gain the allegiance of her Elia a virtually independent Serbian Lord but another strong potential allied the governor of Thessalonica was ousted
02:07
by the anti aristocratic zealots who ruled the city independently until after the war so by mid 35 forty-two with no real allies John faced defeat so he promised Stephen Duchenne of Serbia a great deal of land in exchange for his support within a yen Serbians took most of Albania in advanced as far south as the coast however in April John vi got the town of Barrow eared to surrender to him instead of the Serbs so Stephen to shine with no more taking through this alliance decided to swap sides and fight for the empress dowager and this allowed him to occupy half of byzantine land within a
02:38
couple yes also in 1344 the empress dowager was joined by a new powerful ally Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria however once he took the city he had been promised to fill a populace heeded relatively little despite this John the sick munch to gain a couple allies himself notably the governors of Thessaly Maidan opal and the Turkish ADA nerds although he failed to take Thessalonica he managed to re-establish himself into martica personally took the Rhodope mountains by crushing the powerful brigand momchil who controlled the region but the aid men tapped withdraw to fight off Crusaders but in their place he got the
03:10
support of the sirens and Ottomans over the next couple years the Ottomans pillaged the countryside causing further financial problems for the empress dowager first her strong ally up caucus was killed by prisoners in the new prison he had built for them also her other allies Steven drew Jean was of no help after concrete a vast amount of Byzantine land he claimed the Byzantine throne for himself and proclaimed himself emperor of the Serbs and Romans so by early 1347 after a short siege of constantinople this content guards opened the gates to john the sixth ending the war with john the fifth and
03:40
john the sixth is co empress however the new emperors were faced with the arrival of the black death and a series of wars they launched a failed attack on the januaries colony across the Bosphorus while the Serbs continued to expand into their land also dispute over inheritance between the two Emperor's boiled over into further Civil War and 1352 this war lasted until 1357 and John the 6th and his son were defeated by John the fifth and his allies Serbia Genoa and Venice however during the war the defeated John the 6th had aligned himself once again with the Ottomans and during this war they see skillfully their first European
04:12
conquest the Ottomans would go on to capture important cities like Adrianople the Byzantines did manage to retake Gallipoli during a crusade in 1367 and restore their authority in Thessalonica while the Ottomans expanded into the Soviet empire however yet another in civil more than 13 70s this time an unsuccessful revolt led by John v CERN against his father for accepted Ottoman suzerainty allowed the Ottomans to retake Gallipoli the civil wars devastated the Empire beyond recovery while simultaneously opening of Europe to the Ottomans the Byzantine Empire
04:43
which had lasted for over a millennium which finally collapsed in 1453 when the Ottomans took Constantinople

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